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This section presents news and HCFC-22 molecule
current information related to HCFCs,
drawn from diverse sources woldwide. It is part of the HCFC Help Centre, which provides technical, policy and other information to support the transition to non-HCFC alternatives.

Let us know if you have any additional news articles, press releases and other media reports about HCFCs - including the source and the url - that we can add to the list.

This compilation would serve as an archive for future reference. Please send any suggestions to sdegobert@unep.fr

Thank you!



> The United States Environmental Protection Agency Recognizes Velders, Andersen, Daniel, Fahey & McFarland For Research Excellence
Learn more about The EPA's Science and Technological Achievement Awards (STAA), at : http://es.epa.gov/ncer/staa/about_staa.html
Illegal Trade in Banned Gases Could Flourish, Warns Agency
A BLACK market in banned ozone-depleting gases could thrive following their Europe-wide phase-out, the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) has warned.
A recent summit in Brussels, Belgium, convened by EIA has brought together representatives from the chemicals industry, World Customs Organisation, the European Commission, United Nations Environment Programme, and customs and ozone officers from all over Europe to discuss and take action against the increased threat of illegal trade in ozone depleting substances.
Experts from the chemicals industry warned that many European companies are unprepared for the ban on the use of virgin hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs). Under revised EC regulations only reclaimed and recovered HCFCs will be permitted when servicing equipment after 1st Jan 2010.
"The sense of urgency among end users is low due to two factors- confusing deadlines coupled with the false hope that reclaimed HCFCs will be plentiful and easy to obtain. Users should immediately plan to retrofit /refit their installations to use alternatives or accelerate their transition plans to new systems." Said Pascal Faidy Head of European Sales and Marketing for DuPont
EIA is concerned that the stage is set for a repetition of the illegal smuggling of CFCs which occurred in Europe during the late nineties. Despite strict regulations in Europe demand for CFCs remained high. EIA investigations at the time revealed that large quantities of contraband CFCs were being smuggled into Europe from China, where CFCs were freely and cheaply available.
A 2005 survey commissioned by the Carbon Trust found that 70% of UK businesses have at least one refrigeration or air-conditioning system running on HCFCs, indicating that demand is high. Once virgin HCFCs are banned in 2010, there may be a temptation to mislabel them as recovered HCFC.
"Europe needs to learn from past errors by tightening up enforcement of ODS imports and carrying out an accurate assessment of current HCFC stockpiles" said Julian Newman, EIA Campaigns Director.
Large seizures of illegally smuggled HCFCs have already begun to occur in the United States. In October, Customs and Border Protection officers in South Carolina intercepted 11,400 cylinders of HCFC-22 with a domestic value of close to $1,000,000.
The summit also highlighted the need for good communication between enforcement officers and chemical companies in the fight against illegal trade. Recommendations from the meeting included the establishment of industry focal points, which enforcement officers can contact for information exchange.
Source:: Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA),

> Trends Analysis: Consumption and Production of Ozone Depleting Substances in Developing Countries presents updated information for CFCs, Halons, and Methyl Bromide. For the first time, it also includes an analysis of the HCFC consumption and production trends in developing countries.
Source: UNEP DTIE OzonAction, January 2009

> Ozone Protection, Climate Change and Energy Efficiency:
Montreal – Kyoto

"Industria & Formazione" the second special international issue featuring articles written by internationally-renown experts in industry, government, and research institutes, focuses on alternatives to HCFCs, including both natural and fluorinated refrigerants. This magazine, was launched at the 20th Meeting of the Parties in Doha, was produced by the Centro Studi Galileo in cooperation with UNEP's OzonAction Programme, the International Institute of Refrigeration, and the Associazione dei Tecnici del Freddo, under the auspices of the Italian Ministry of the Environment.
Read/Download the PDF >>>

> Maximizing the Climate-Combating Benefits of the Ozone Layer Treaty Key Outcome of Qatar-Hosted Meeting.
Nations Also Agree to Replenish the Multi-Million Dollar Fund Assisting Developing Countries to continue the phase out of ozone depleting substances.
8th Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention and 20th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.

Doha/Nairobi, 21 November 2008 - Treaties combating ozone layer damage and climate change can learn from each other in order to maximize economic and environmental benefits. The conclusion reflects growing understanding that the phase-out of chemicals that damage the ozone layer - the Earth’s protective shield - also has implications for the fight against global warming. The governments, meeting in Doha the capital city of Qatar , have requested the Executive Secretary of the Montreal Protocol ozone agreement to coordinate amongst others with the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to explore closer, cooperative ties. They are requesting that the two treaties to hold meetings and explore several areas of cooperation including on how best to reduce releases of substances known as hydroflurocarbons (HFCs). HFCs, along with pollutants such as C02 and methane, are one of the six gases controlled under the climate convention’s Kyoto Protocol. In addition, governments are suggesting that mutual benefits can also come from an accelerated freeze and phase-out of hydrochluroflurocarbons (HCFCs). HCFCs are chemicals that were introduced to replace older, more ozone-damaging gases in products such as refrigerators and air conditioning units. But these replacement chemicals are now also scheduled for replacement and governments are keen to ensure that the new chemicals developed not only are ozone-friendly, but climate-friendly too. Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary and Executive Director of the UN Environment Programme which hosts the Ozone Secretariat, said: ”In a world of scarce financial resources, maximizing the impacts of the various multi-lateral environmental agreements is paramount. Governments have made it clear that there can be multiple benefits if the experiences of the Montreal Protocol and the UN climate change convention can be better shared to reinforce mutual aims. UNEP looks forward to exploring how best these recommendations can be taken forward”. Maximizing benefits among environmental treaties was among the outcomes of the 8th Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention and the 20th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol that concluded late last week in Doha . Linked to the Montreal Protocol is a multilateral fund that assists developing countries to phase-out ozone damaging chemicals. Governments meeting in Doha agreed to replenish the fund by over $490 million for the period 2009 to 2001. How best to destroy ozone and climate-damaging chemicals, stored in old equipment such as air conditioning units and foams, was also part of the talks. Countries also urged the ozone treaty to work with funding organizations such as the Global Environment Facility to assess the most cost effective and rapid route to ridding the world of these stockpiled or ‘banked’ susbatnces. During the meeting various important announcements were made (see unep.org media centre) including the plan ro establish an ozone and climate monitoring station in Qatar - the first in West Asia and a move by the military from Australia, the Netherlands and the United States to assist developing countries with the destruction of banked ozone depleting substances.
Notes to Editors
Documents related to the meeting can be found at http://www.ozone.unep.org
For More Information Please Contact
Nick Nuttall, UNEP Spokesperson/Head of Media, nick.nuttall@unep.org
Maria Soldanha, Communications and Information Officer,
Source: UNEP
> Paper to be in 'Short Supply' at International Ozone Gathering
Qatar and UN Pave Way for Environmentally-Friendly, Paper-Free Events
20th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol and 8th Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention

Doha/Nairobi, 16 November 2008 - Paper-free or near paperless conferences may soon be in sight under a pioneering initiative by the Government of Qatar and the UN Environment Programme(UNEP), it was announced today.
Delegates attending an international conference on the protection of the ozone layer are being issued with laptops and given lessons on how to minimize paper in terms of documents, reports and publications.
Special software is being utilized which will allow delegates to share and amend papers during the six day meeting taking place in the Qatari capital Doha.
The initiative is also expected to save greenhouse gas emissions linked with the shipment of conference documents and publications to and from meetings.

Key Issues at the Conference
The pilot comes as delegates from over 150 countries are meeting under the Montreal Protocol and Vienna Convention on substances that deplete the ozone layer.Issues before delegates include destruction of ozone damaging substances held in items such as fridges, fire-fighting equipment and foams.Many of these banked ozone-damaging chemicals have climate change impacts too. Large amount could, without action, be released as early as 2015.This could lead to the equivalent of several billion tonnes of C02 being pumped into the atmosphere.Countries will also discuss the sixth replenishment of the Multilateral Fund- which has so far spent over $2 billion on assisting developing countries to phase out ozone-killing chemicals and switch to less harmful ones.Countries are likely to discuss a range of replenishment figures from around $338 million to close to $630 million to cover the coming years including the costs of accelerating the freeze and phase-out of HCFCs-chemicals that can damage the ozone layer but are now also known to contribute to global warming too.A significant agreement to the accelerated freeze and phase-out was made at the last meeting off the Montreal Protocol held in the Canadian city from where the treaty takes its name.Countries will again be seeking exemptions for a chemical known as methyl bromide used for fumigating soils against crop-damaging pests. However, the quantities of exemptions being sought are down by around 70 per cent from a few years ago.Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary General and UNEP Executive Director, said: "The Montreal Protocol and the Vienna Convention are among the outstanding examples of international cooperation on the environment. They have lead to a dramatic reduction in the production and consumption of chemicals that deplete the ozone layer-that thin layer of high flying gas that protects all life on Earth from deadly levels of ultra violet rays".
"This week in Doha governments need to keep that momentum up including the necessary levels of funding needed to complete this important work including the challenge but also the opportunity presented for both ozone and climate from the accelerated freeze and phase-out of HCFCs," he said.Mr Steiner said the paperless conference concept would be another welcome and practical outcome of the meeting.
"Tens of millions of tones of C02, the principle greenhouse gas, are released as a result of the manufacture, printing and shipping of paper in the form of documents, publications and books. The UN and its numerous meetings are no exception," he said.
"I would like to thank the Government of Qatar for backing this inspiring idea and look forward to taking the concept forward-if we are successful it could become a blue print across the UN and who knows, perhaps one day we could witness a near paperless or paper-free General Assembly in New York," said Mr Steiner.Waleed Al-Emadi, a senior ozone expert at the Qatar Ministry of the Environment, said: "In the United States alone there have been estimates that a 10 per cent reduction in the use of paper in offices could cut greenhouse gas emissions by 1.6 billion tones".
"Less printing also means less ink, less use of heavy metals such as cadmium and less use of electricity. Imagine the environmental improvements around the world if paperless or near paper less meetings and conferences can be part of daily life.
"Paper-free UNEP Governing Council
The pilot is expected to lead to an even bigger trial when the world's environment ministers meet in Nairobi, Kenya in February next year at the headquarters of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP).
The Qatar Ministry of the Environment is planning to donate a large quantity of laptops complete with the special software while dispatching IT experts to make UNEP's Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum as paper-free as possible.
Many delegates attending conferences also bring and return home with large quantities of books and reports.
A study by UNEP on climate neutrality, released in June this year to mark World Environment Day 2008, estimated that if every air passenger reduced their luggage and carry on items by 20 Kg it could reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by two million tones a year.
UNEP's exhibition in Doha will also be paperless and sport the banner 'Are You looking for a UNEP Publication? We Left it At Home!'.
In order to get delegates on the paperless path, UNEP will be handing out memory sticks and guides on how to download publications while outlining the greenhouse gas emissions saved by not carting loads of documents back home.
Notes to Editors
The 20th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol [took] place at the Sheraton Doha Conference and Convention Centre. Documents can be accessed at http://www.ozone.unep.org
For More Information Please Contact
Nick Nuttall, UNEP Spokesperson/Head of Media, nick.nuttall@unep.org
Maria Soldanha, Communications and Information Officer, maria.soldanha@unep.org
> Military Enlisted to Combat Climate Change and Ozone Layer Damage
Doha, 20 November 2008 - The military is being deployed to help save the ozone layer and to fight global warming under a unique partnership between the United Nations, national governments and several armed forces it was announced today.Military personnel from Australia, the Netherlands and the United States are offering to assist countries in the safe collection of stockpiles and banks of unwanted, ozone-damaging substances.The military experts will also give support and advice on the shipping, labeling and other logistical procedures needed to 'fast-track' the chemicals to disposal centers in various parts of the globe.The 'partnership' could dramatically cut the costs of the disposal of chemicals such as Hydrofluorocarbons (HCFCs) and chloroflurocarbons (CFCs) to a third or less of the current market cost.Many armed forces have existing, competitively priced contracts already in place for destroying ozone-damaging chemicals found as gases and foams in old military air-conditioning units and other kinds of army, navy and air force equipment.It is hoped that by joining forces, civilian destruction programmes will be able to benefit from these low cost contracts making them cheaper and more attractive to undertake.News of the initiative comes as over 150 are meeting in Doha, Qatar for the 8th Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention and 20th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer.Well over 90 per cent of chemicals that damage the ozone layer - the thin, high flying layer of gas that filters out the sun's harmful rays - have been phased-out.But this means that significant quantities are stockpiled in old equipment and banked in existing devices which will soon come to the end of their life.The conference is Doha has been told that releases from these sources could add to both ozone depletion and climate change because many of these substances are also potent greenhouse gases.Without action to safely remove and destroy these chemicals experts fear that by 2015 releases equivalent to several billion tones of C02 could occur.Marco Gonzalez, Executive Secretary of the UN Environment Programme's (UNEP) Ozone Secretariat, said:" The military in many countries have been at the forefront of efforts to phase-out ozone depleting substances - their experience can be invaluable for developing countries facing similar challenges".The new initiative, which will make use of technical experts in the military already on the ground, brings together a wide range of organizations and countries and is being spearheaded by the US Environmental Protection Agency and the US Department of Defence.
Notes to EditorsPartnership Overview

This partnership has a two pronged "Start and Strengthen" approach to support collection and destruction: 1) Sharing of information and 2) Consulting on logistics.
Better Treaty Coordination. The UNEP Ozone Secretariat has agreed to act as coordinator with the Basel Convention Secretariat and other conventions to ensure the transport of unwanted ozone depleting substances to countries with destruction facilities is correctly permitted. This activity itself will be helpful because it will streamline the desirable shipments of chemicals to proper destruction facilities.Public Relations. Local military authorities will have the desirable experience of working with local environmental authorities, helping with state and community relations on other environmental issues faced at overseas bases.More Efficient and Cost-Effective Waste Management. The partnership will coordinate an international "clearinghouse" to match supply with demand by connecting countries requiring ODS destruction to those having proper destruction facilities available. They will make every effort to minimize transport distances and maximize effectiveness. By having a global clearinghouse, small quantities can be aggregated for maximum destruction cost-effectiveness.

Argentina Ministry of the Environment
Australia Department of Defence
Australia Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts
Federated States of Micronesia Ministry of Environment
Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development (IGSD)
International Network for Environmental Compliance & Enforcement (INECE)
Mauritius Ministry of Environment
Netherlands Halon Bank Association
Netherlands Ministry of Defence
United Nations Development Programme
United Nations Environment Programme
United Nations Industrial Development Organization
United States Department of Defense
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Quotes by Some of the Partners "The military's leadership shown by these partners will earn the praise of environmentalists and compliance officials from around the world," said Durwood Zaelke, President of the Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development (IGSD), and Director of the International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement (INECE), a network of 4,000 environmental authorities in more than 150 countries. "Protecting the earth against climate change is an environmental security campaign that we all support." "Argentina is proud to be one of the leaders promoting the climate benefits of the Montreal Protocol, and we welcome the opportunity to work with the technical logistics experts from the militaries of the world to continue these efforts to realize benefits for both the climate system and the ozone layer," said Romina Picolotti, Secretary of Environment for Argentina. "Our goal is to be first to benefit from this assistance to achieve the highest possible ozone and climate benefits at affordable cost. Once again, Argentina wants to continue demonstrating through our actions that developing countries are willing to take on their fair share of climate responsibility when technology and financing are available." "The United States is committed to actions under the Montreal Protocol for the benefit of the global climate system and fragile ozone layer," said James L. Connaughton, Chairman, US Council on Environmental Quality. "Experts who responsibly manage military ozone-depleting substances can transfer that know-how throughout the world to recover and destroy a significant portion of unwanted or unusable ozone-depleting substances." Island nations are among the most vulnerable to climate change," said Sateeaved Seebaluck, Permanent Secretary, Mauritius Ministry of Environment. "We must do everything possible within as well as outside the scope of the climate treaties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions as fast as we can to avoid passing the tipping points for abrupt climate changes, including sea-level rise that threatens Mauritius and all other island and coastal nations. That's why Mauritius and Micronesia have proposed incentives for collection and destruction and why we welcome this partnership." "It is an honor for military logistics experts to use their considerable talent and experience to help the world protect the stratospheric ozone and climate," said Robert S. Thien, US DoD ODS Program Manager. "I am confident that the United States Department of Defense and our partners can provide guidance to developing nations concerning collecting, storing/banking and someday destroying CFCs, HCFCs and other ozone-depleting substances that also threaten climate." "The Netherlands is proud of our national leadership in combined ODS banking for both industry and the military and pleased to share everything we know that can protect the global environment," said Anton Janssen, Head, Knowledge Centre for Occupational Safety and Health and Environment, Netherlands Ministry of Defence." "Technical cooperation on ODS application and replacement avoids costly duplication of effort and builds trust and networks so experts can work together for the good of human society." "For more than a decade, experts in our Defense Logistics Agency have worked hard to perfect every detail of ODS bank management," said Kristen N. Taddonio, Manager of Strategic Climate Projects, EPA Climate Protection Partnerships Division. "Military organizations know everything about putting ODS in secure long-term storage, moving ODSs to destruction facilities, and moving mobile destruction facilities to ODS.""Military organizations have protected the ozone layer through leadership, policy, procurement, and management," said K. Madhava Sarma, Senior Expert Member, Montreal Protocol Technology and Economics Panel. He added, "With military leadership and technical expertise on ODS collection and destruction, the world is sure to succeed in preventing harmful emissions from the ODS banks."
Source: UNEP Ozone Secretariat
> "Collecting and Destroying Banks: Funding for Pilot Projects Critical for Long-Term Financing"
Action now can help us protect the ozone layer better as well as prevent the emission of up to 6 billion tonnes or more of CO2-eq. by 2015 from "banks" of ozone-depleting substances ("ODSs") in discarded products and equipment. The climate change mitigation potential of destroying ODS banks compares favorably with the 5 billion tonnes of CO2-eq. reductions the Kyoto Protocol seeks from 2008-2012.
The first step to prevent emissions from ODS banks is to support the proposals advanced by Argentina, Mauritius, and the Federated States of Micronesia at the Meeting of the Parties in Doha, Qatar this November. The proposals emphasize the importance of preventing emissions of ODS banks for both ozone and climate benefits and seek funding for pilot projects to collect and destroy ODS banks.
The TEAP has recommended US$ 27 million be allocated for the next three years for these pilot projects to allow the TEAP, MLF, and Parties to determine the economic feasibility of collection and destruction strategies. Information from the pilot projects will create the cost-certainty needed to secure the future funding necessary to collect and destroy all cost-effective banks. (The amount of the ODS banks that will be cost-effective to collect and destroy will increase as the importance of their climate mitigation increases, and this will happen as future climate impacts grow worse, and as tipping points for abrupt climate changes approach faster than previously anticipated.) Future funding for collection and destruction could come from a supplemental replenishment, carbon markets, or both.
At their July 2008 meeting in Japan, the leaders of the world's 17 major economies committed to "promote actions under the [Montreal Protocol] for the benefit of the global climate system." Collecting and destroying banks is one such action they need to support now. The major economies include the United States, France, Germany, Canada, Italy, Japan, Russia, Britain, the European Union, Australia, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, South Korea, and South Africa.
The Montreal Protocol is already the world's most effective environmental treaty with an unmatched record in protecting the ozone layer and supporting developing countries in meeting their treaty commitments. The Montreal Protocol also has produced a net reduction of 135 billions tons of CO2-eq. and delayed climate change up to 12 years, making it, for the moment at least, the world's most effective climate treaty as well. Last year's decision to accelerate the HCFC phase-out will result in additional climate mitigation of up to 16 billion tonnes or more of CO2-eq. This year's proposals promoting the destruction of ODS banks could result in up to 6 billion tonnes or more of CO2-eq. climate mitigation by 2015.
Climate change is occurring faster than predictions by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Urgent action is needed to avoid "tipping points" for abrupt and irreversible climate changes in the near-term, and to address the climate crisis in the long-term. The Montreal Protocol Parties have a unique opportunity to once again make a significant contribution to mitigating climate change while further protecting the ozone layer-an opportunity that will be lost unless they begin action now.
For further information, please contact IGSD, Pete Grabiel at pgrabiel@igsd.org
> CLIMATE CHANGE: Chemical Lobby Weakening Ozone Treaty
Source: Climate Ark, 16 September 2008, By: Stephen Leahy

> Push to Fix Ozone Layer and Slow Global Warming
California has proposed an extensive set of leak detection, repair, reporting, and retrofitting rules for large air conditioning and refrigeration systems using high global warming F-gases. Facilities using the natural refrigerant CO2 would not be affected by the regulation presented to the public this week.
Source: R744.com , 19 September 2008

> Gustav Lorentzen – Refrigerants, Naturally!
workshopSix of the world’s leading consumer brands have met to discuss latest progress in using natural refrigerants in point-of-sale cooling applications. All agreed that CO2, hydrocarbons & Co. would be the way forward, calling on others to join their efforts.
Source: R744.com
> The World we Avoided
The Montreal Protocol has not only helped to prevent damage to the Earth's ozone layer — it has also slowed global warming, say climate chemists.Twenty-one years ago the Montreal Protocol was drawn up to restrict the use of chemicals such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) that contributed to the destruction of the ozone layer, the part of the atmosphere that filters out most of the Sun's potentially cancer-causing ultraviolet ray. But now, sophisticated climate chemistry models have shown that the protocol has done much more than rescue the planet from sunburn.
Source: Nature News, By Katharine Sanderson

> Cooling: Rethinking refrigerants Global warming concerns creating divergent paths.
The first major phase change for refrigerants has not even been completed yet and already many are urging yet another. The long, hard, costly journey away from ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), which began in the early 90s, continues, with a 2010 step down in production and eventual phase out of hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC)-22 refrigerant in new HVAC/R applications.
Source: “Appliances Design”, 1 April 2008, by Larry Adams

> Study commissioned by DuPont shows 65% of cooling installations still use HCFC gasesThe results of a new study sponsored by refrigerants manufacturer DuPont show that 65 percent of cooling installations in nine key EU countries continue to function on HCFC refrigerant gases, raising questions about the level of preparedness in the market for the EU ban on virgin HCFCs. The ban, based on EU legislation introduced in 2000 following on from the Montreal Protocol, will be introduced from January 2010.
Source: Refrig.com

> Push to fix ozone layer and slow global warming
An unusual coalition of industrial and developing countries began pushing for stringent limits on the world’s most popular refrigerant for air-conditioners, as evidence mounts that the refrigerant harms the earth’s ozone layer and contributes to global warming. The international pressure has grown rapidly this winter for quick action. “We scientifically have proof: if we accelerate the phaseout of HCFC, we are going to make a great contribution to climate change,” said Romina Picolotti, the chief of Argentina’s environmental secretariat. Source: The New York Times, 15 March 2007, By KEITH BRADSHER

> Start, then strengthen: The importance of immediate action for climate mitigation…
the Parties are considering further strengthening the Montreal Protocol to address banks of CFCs, HCFCs, and other chemicals that will be released from old products and equipment at end-of-life. These products represent an estimated 7.4 Gt CO2-eq. by 2015 and more thereafter. Argentina, Micronesia, and Mauritius submitted proposals in May to destroy these banks when unnecessary, while the US is also expected to support the measures as well by submitting a proposed decision.In addition to addressing banks, other measures can further strengthen the Montreal Protocol to maximize its climate benefits, including tightening exemptions for essential and critical uses of ozone depleting substances, chemical feedstocks and process agents and strengthening efforts to combat illegal trade. PHASE DOWN HFCS FAST Moving regulation of HFCs (gases which have high global warming potentials) from the Kyoto Protocol to the Montreal Protocol or to a separate Montreal Protocol-type regulatory regime, would ensure commitment from all 191 Parties (including the US) and greatly benefit climate. … We must act fast. The clock is ticking.
By K. Madhava Sarma, former Executive Secretary, UNEP Ozone Secretariat, & Durwood Zaelke, President, Institute for Governance & Sustainable DevelopmentSource: MEA Bulletin - Guest Article No. 50 - 27 June 2008
> Woolworths to use CO2 in new supermarkets
Australia’s largest food retailer will install CO2 cascade systems in new stores after the success of its pioneer “green supermarket” in Sydney. The Natural Refrigerants Transition Board (NRTB) and other NGOs now urge the industry and policy makers to follow suit and promote sustainable refrigeration in Australia. Woolworths Limited has more than 3000 stores and 180,000 employees across Australia and New Zealand. The Natural Refrigerants Transition Board was established in 2003 to achieve a wider use of natural refrigerants by providing information and facilitating training on their best practice use. The NRTB has received federal funding to coordinate a national fluorocarbon refrigerants reduction programme. The Angle Vale project is the first of five supermarkets using cascade and CO2-only systems.
Source: R744.com
> Time Up! The clock may be ticking the countdown for the ban on virgin HCFC refrigerants, but many end users are struggling to change out, Peter Dinnage takes an in depth look at the problems facing our industry over the next couple of years with regard to HCFC phase out.
Source: http://www.idsrefrigeration.co.uk/
> First Ozone Prosecution in New Zealand
The New Zealand Herald, Jun 19, 2008
> Nineteenth MOP HCFC Adjustments to Enter into Force May 2008
The United Nations Secretary-General in his capacity as depositary of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer has advised all Parties to the Protocol that the adjustments to the Montreal Protocol adopted at the Nineteenth Meeting of the Parties held in Montreal from 17 to 21 September 2007, will enter into force and become binding to all Parties on 14 May 2008, pursuant to article 2 (9) of the Protocol. The adjustments relate to Decision XIX/6 of the Parties on accelerated phase out of Annex C, Group I, controlled substances (hydrochlorofluorocarbons). The following links contains the official copies of the English and French versions of the depositary notification: http://untreaty.un.org/English/CNs/2007/1001_1100/1096E.pdf and http://untreaty.un.org/English/CNs/2007/1001_1100/1096F.pdf
Attached to the notification, are copies of the adjustments to the Protocol in the six UN official languages as circulated to all Parties by the depositary.
Contact: Gilbert Bankobeza, Gilbert.Bankobeza@unep.org
Source: UNEP Ozone Secretariat
> Attenuation of Fluorocarbons Released from Foam Insulation in Landfills
Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 41, No. 22, 2007
> Answer to Hot Air Was in Fact a Chilling Blunder
SMH.com, Ben Cubby Environment Reporter, Dec 18, 2007
> Montreal Protocol's Success Offers Lessons for Climate Change Parties Continue Commitment to Maximize Ozone Regime's Climate Benefits
IGSD Press Release, BALI, INDONESIA, Nov 17, 2007
> Sweden and UNEP Team Up to Help Developing Countries Phase out of Ozone Depleting HCFCs
Newsdesk (pressmeddelande), Sweden - Nov 19, 2007
> The UN Secretary-General Welcomes Historic Agreement to Phaseout Hydrochlorofluorocarbons, Chemical Compound Damaging to Ozone Layer, Contributor to Climate Change
UN Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York,
24 September 2007

The following statement was issued today by the Spokesperson for UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon:
The Secretary-General welcomes the agreement reached over the weekend by the signatories of the Montreal Protocol to sign up to an accelerated freeze and phase-out of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), the chemical compound which damages the ozone layer and also contributes to climate change.
The Secretary-General is especially pleased that this historic agreement was reached on the eve of the high-level event on climate change convened by him on the margins of the United Nations General Assembly. He notes that international efforts to protect the ozone layer and to combat climate change are mutually supportive. He also notes that the agreement reached in Montreal includes a commitment to make sufficient funding available to implement the strategy of phasing out HCFCs. The Secretary-General hopes Member States will demonstrate the same urgency and boldness as they turn to the sources of greenhouse gases.
> Combating Climate Change Given Big Confidence Boost in Canad
Governments Agree to Accelerated 'Freeze and Phase-out" of Ozone and Climate-Damaging Chemicals at Montreal Protocol's 20th Anniversary Celebrations
Montreal/Nairobi, 22 September 2007 - An historic agreement to tackle the twin challenges of protecting the ozone layer and combating climate change has been agreed by governments.
Nations signed up to an accelerated freeze and phase out of substances known as hydrochlorflurocarbons (HCFCs) under the 20 year-old Montreal Protocol- the UNEP treaty established in 1987 to protect the Earth's ozone layer from chemical attack.
United Nations Environment Programme, Environement Canada
> Survey to Prepare for HCFC Phase-out Underway
WINDHOEK - The National Ozone Unit is conducting a survey of all sectors that use hydrochlorofluoro-carbons (HCFC).

Source: NewEra.com, 19 January 2009 - by Wezi Tjaronda
> Linking HCFC Phase-out to the Climate Agenda in African Countries
UNEP and the World Bank are proposing an initiative that would focus on several countries in Africa to demonstrate the feasibility of a comprehensive program that reduces both consumption of HCFC s as refrigenrant and emissions of carbon dioxide from the improvment of energy efficiency in the refrigeration and air-conditioning (AC) sector through the support of multiple resources. This proposal will be put forward to African countries at a regional workshop in early 2009 that brings together not only national ozone units, but for the first time, country focal points for climate change. The workshops held on 19 November in Doha, Qatar, allowed countries to discuss possibilities for synergies, gauge the feasibility of the approach, and determine steps forward as well as the roles of UNEP and the World Bank in supporting countries in this endeavor.
UNEP DTIE OzonAction, Rajendra Shende, rajendra.shende@unep.fr
UNEP CAP ROA, Jeremy Bazye, jeremy.bazye@unep.org
The World Bank, Steve Gorman, sgorman@worldbank.org
> Pressures Affecting the Climate and Atmosphere
National State of the Environment Report - South Africa
> Argentina and Brazil Propose HCFC Phaseout
Temas Actuales - Mar 20, 2007
> BP Products to Pay Nearly $180 Million to Settle Clean Air Violations at Texas City Refinery
A copy of the consent decree is available on the Justice Department Web site at http://www.usdoj.gov/enrd/Consent_Decrees.html
Source: PR News Wire, Quoting : U.S. Department of Justice
Prepare Now. Phase Out of R-22 (HCFC) Refrigerant Gas
Source: Refrigerant Tracker by Verisae
> Customs and Border Protection Works with EPA, Seizes Monitored Refrigerant
Imperial Valley News, 18 December 2008, By Green Liver
> Climate-Friendly Greenfreezers Come to the United States
Environment News Service (ENS)
Today, Greenfreeze technology is in use in more than 300 million refrigerators worldwide, but it was not allowed into the United States until earlier this year when the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency authorized Ben & Jerry's to run a test trial of units equipped with Greenfreeze technology.
> Industry Cautions against Illegal Import of HCFCs
The Alliance for Responsible Atmospheric Policy today cautioned industry and the public to be certain that their hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) refrigerant purchases are legal, and to refuse to buy illegally imported refrigerants. The warning came as reports are beginning to surface that illegal HCFC imports may be on the rise, in light of apparent demand for the product to service air conditioning equipment.
> Environmental Benefits of the New, Stronger HCFC Phaseout Agreement US EPA, October 2007
The agreement to adjust the phase-out schedule for HCFCs is expected to reduce emissions of HCFCs to the atmosphere by 47 percent, compared to the prior commitments under the treaty over the 30-year period of 2010 to 2040. For the developing countries, the agreement means there will be about a 58 percent reduction in HCFCs emission over the 30 year period.View a graph showing the HCFC reductions in developing countries, reflecting the agreement at the 19th Meeting in Montreal.The climate benefits of the stronger HCFC agreement will depend on technology choices of the transition from HCFCs during the 30 year time frame of the HCFC phase out. The estimated climate benefit of the new, stronger HCFC phase out may be as much as 9,000 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MMTCO 2-eq), or the equivalent of removing the climate emissions from 70 million U.S. passenger cars each year, for the next 30 years. This means the new, stronger HCFC agreement is equivalent to eliminating the climate emissions from 50 percent of all U.S. passenger cars each year, for the next 30 years.Another way of explaining the climate benefit of the new, stronger HCFC phaseout agreement is to say it is equivalent to eliminating the climate emissions from the electricity needed by 40 million U.S. households each year, for the next 30 years, which would be eliminating the climate emissions from the electricity needed by 40 percent of U.S. households each year, for the next 30 years.
Read analyses of climate benefits of the overall HCFC agreement at the 19th Meeting in Montreal
.Read analyses of ozone and climate benefits of the U.S. proposal (PDF).
Read Comparison of the Montreal Protocol and United States Phaseout Schedules.
> Ten Steps to a Green Supply Chain
Electronics Supply & Manufacturing - Oct 30, 2007
>Illicit Imports Keep Damaging Ozone Layer
Source: The Jakarta Post - PT Bina Media Tenggara, 17 September 2008
> Malaysia Expects To Phase Out HCFCs By 2030
Uggah -SUBANG JAYA -- Malaysia is expected to completely phase out the consumption of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) by 2030 as scheduled, Natural Resources and Environment Minister Datuk Douglas Uggah Embas said Tuesday...
Bernama, Dec 2, 2008
> HCFC Consumption and Challenges in China
China current consumption of HCFCs is approximately 63% of the total consumption and about 88% of the total production of Article 5 countries. In the past few years, the HCFCs consumption in China has been increasing at average annual rate of more than 20% and it is expected to continue grow under the unconstrained scenario. This will impose huge challenges to China to meet with its compliance commitments with the Montreal Protocol. Added to this, it is the challenges to slow down the growth rate and then reverse the growth trend, which will be the first priority for the Government of China.
To address such challenges within next 3 years, the Government of China is planning to adopt three parallel but well-connected strategies:
1) To initiate policy intervention to control establishment of HCFC based production facilities and control the expansion of production capacity of the existing facilities;
2)To develop and implement demonstration/investment projects in various sectors within the guidelines of the Executive Committee, which serve as leading examples for other peers to follow; and
3) To outreach the HCFC phase-out challenge and promote awareness on HCFC phase-out among the local authorities at various levels, end-users of the HCFC based equipment, and the general public.
In the past decade and more, China has been using very effectively public campaigns on the emerging challenge of ozone layer depletion and facilitating the ozone depletion substance (ODS) phase-out through various approaches, especially taking the opportunity of celebrating the World Environment Day and the International Ozone Day. However, due to the fact that HCFCs have been used as alternatives for the phase-out of CFCs, HCFCs based equipment used to be considered as “Green” products.
Furthermore, with the intended promotion of HCFCs products, some local manufacturers’ misleading advisement/ introduction has increased more confusion of HCFCs and other ODSs. There are some new sectors using HCFCs which were never involved in the ODS phase-out before, for example, Expanded Polystyrene (XPS, foam used as insulation)) and room air conditioner. The end-users of such products haven’t been informed of HCFCs issues and the availability of HCFC-free products/equipment's. Raising awareness of broad end-users has been approved as an effective measure to push the manufacturer to adopt non-HCFC technology; therefore, it would slow down the growth of the HCFCs consumption.
For general information on UNEP is doing, please visit the website: http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/
For China ozone layer relevant information, you may like to visit http://www.ozone.org.cn/ (Chinese version)
> Sun Rrises on China's Fluorochemicals
(Chemical Business NewsBase (Composite)-, Nov 16, 2007
> Breakthrough Air Conditioning Technology Completely Eliminates the Use of Hazardous CFCs and HCFCs
jrj.com, China - Nov 15, 2007
> UNEP Organizes Meeting OF ODS Officers in Bali
Antara, Indonesia - Nov 11, 2007

> Indonesia toBan CFC Use in Manufacturing Process Starting July 2008
Antara, Indonesia - Nov 11, 2007

> HFCs at the 2008 Beijing Olympics
International Institute of Refrigeration
To avoid the use of HCFCs, which are Ozone Depleting Substances, the Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the 29th Olympiad (BOCOG) has announced that most venue owners have chosen refrigerants ranging from HFC-134a, R-410a, and R-407c to lithium bromide. China’s State Environmental Protection Administration and UNEP in co-operation with the BOCOG – are addressing stratospheric ozone protection as part of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. BOCOG has issued environmental guidelines to prevent unnecessary use of ODS in construction, marketing and catering services. 2008 is the year chosen for China’s accelerated phase out of CFCs, in advance of the 2010 deadline required by the Montreal Protocol.
> Refex Refrigerants Gets Special Import License from DGFT
Press Trust of India, Oct 30, 2007


Global Fluorocarbon Producers Forum (GFPF1) Funds Halocarbon Measurements in the Atmosphere
Brussels, December 2008 The Global Fluorocarbon Producers' Forum (GFPF) is pleased to announce that it is among those governments and industry associations who will sponsor the initiative to establish a central calibration laboratory for halocarbons as part of the multi-national Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE).
By doing so GFPF is promoting the gathering of solid scientific and independent data on which to base sound policies. The collection of such data will encourage steps to reduce emissions of fluorinated (F)-gases and, in particular, to help make the implementation of the EU Regulation of F-gases a success.
"We are strongly committed, in particular, to put in place all the measures necessary to reach the high level of maintenance, containment and leakage control required to make the F-gas Regulation a success. One convincing way to prove that its aim to reduce emissions can be achieved is through the monitoring of the F-gases emissions; declared the chairman of the Environmental Managers group of GFPF, Mr. Tim Vink.
The AGAGE operates a network of globally distributed stations conducting real-time measurements of chlorofluorocarbons CFCs, hydrochlorofluorocarbons HCFCs and hydrofluorocarbons HFCs, including all major natural and anthropogenic halocarbons.
The frequent measurements (12-18 per day) provide the basis for calculating regional emissions, such as those from Europe or East Asia, and this new calibration laboratory will help upgrade their accuracy.
Note: the location of measuring stations, funding organizations, and summaries of published data are available at: http://agage.eas.gatech.edu/
1 Arkema, Solvay Fluor, Japan Fluorocarbon Manufacturers Association, Dupont Fluoroproducts, Honeywell, Ineos Fluor.
Contact : the GFPF secretariat, Mrs. Véronique Garny vga@cefic.be
Source: CEFIC, http://www.cefic.org/

> Retail Industry Must 'Act Now or Risk Meltdown' Over Banned Refrigerant
Source: The Retail Bulletin, 5 January 2009

> Replacing HCFC in Aerospace Applications
Manufacturing Talk, UK - Nov 12, 2007
> Materials Scare at Lanarkshire Site
Contract Journal, UK - Oct 31, 2007
> Pollution Fears Halt Demolition
BBC News, UK - Oct 25, 2007
> The GEANT CASINO Hypermarket Branch of CASINO Group Chooses Arkema's Forane 427A
Chemical Business NewsBase (Composite), Oct 22, 2007
> A French decree issued on May 7, 2007 regulates the marketing, use, recovery and destruction conditions of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFC) in refrigeration or air-conditioning units
Journal Officiel de la République Française, May 8, 2007
The decree implements recent European F-gas Regulation on refrigerants. It applies to refrigeration and air conditioning, automobile air-conditioning systems and heat pumps, whatever their refrigerant charges, contrary to the previous 1992 decree which did not apply to charges under 2 kg.
According to the decree, actions such as refrigerant charging, commissioning and maintenance of equipment, tightness checks, refrigerant recovery, or any other operation relative to refrigerants should be performed by staff who have been certified by authorized organizations.
It is also specified that tightness checks should be regularly performed for all equipment with a charge over 2 kg and that refrigerant distributors should provide their clients with appropriate containers for used refrigerant recovery and to handle the refrigerants returned to them in these containers free of charge.
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The citing of commercial technologies, products or services does not constitute endorsement of those items by UNEP.


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