About UNEP
UNEP
UNEP DTIE OzonAction BranchOzonAction Programme
  UNEP > DTIE > OzonAction Branch Search
Features
OzonAction Newsletter
OzoNews
HCFC news
Press releases
Montreal Press Articles
Resources Kit for Journalists (VOG 2)

archive of previous issues

OzoNews


2008


30 DECEMBER 2008
In this issue:
1- Oceanic Carbon Sink Could be Weakened by the Ozone Hole
2- Act Now to Tackle ‘Climate Gas Timebomb’, says EIA.
3- Tanzania on Schedule to Phase-Out ODS
4- HCFC Consumption and Challenges in China
5- Malaysia Expects To Phase-Out HCFCs By 2030
6- Chemical-Free Christmas Trees
7- Island Nations Speak Out at UN Conference on Black Carbon, Montreal Protocol

 

Special Announcement/
U.S. EPA Climate and Stratospheric Ozone Award 2009
Click here to learn more/Submit a nomination. Due No Later than 31 December 2008
Contact: Kristinn Vazquez, Vazquez.Kristinn@epa.gov

GLOBAL
1- Oceanic Carbon Sink Could be Weakened by the Ozone Hole
SOURCE: Digital Journal, 10 December 2008, By : Bart B. Van Bockstaele
http://www.digitaljournal.com/article/263324
2- Act Now to Tackle ‘Climate Gas Timebomb’, says EIA.
Contact: EIA Press Office: Stuart Coles, stuartcoles@eia-international.org
A full briefing and more details are available from The Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA), @
http://www.eia-international.org/showpic.php?pictitle=&dirname=reports&picno=176-1
Other related link: Ozone Protection Feels the Heat - Story from BBC NEWS,- VIEWPOINT Fionnuala Walravens,
16 December 2008, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7784531.stm

AFRICA
3- Tanzania on Schedule to Phase-Out ODS
SOURCE: allafrica.com, quoting The Guardian, December 2008,
http://allafrica.com/environment/

SOUTH ASIA
4- HCFC Consumption and Challenges in China
China current consumption of HCFCs is approximately 63% of the total consumption and about 88% of the total production of Article 5 countries. In the past few years, the HCFCs consumption in China has been increasing at average annual rate of more than 20% and it is expected to continue grow under the unconstrained scenario. This will impose huge challenges to China to meet with its compliance commitments with the Montreal Protocol. Added to this, it is the challenges to slow down the growth rate and then reverse the growth trend, which will be the first priority for the Government of China.
To address such challenges within next 3 years, the Government of China is planning to adopt three parallel but well-connected strategies:
1) To initiate policy intervention to control establishment of HCFC based production facilities and control the expansion of production capacity of the existing facilities;
2)To develop and implement demonstration/investment projects in various sectors within the guidelines of the Executive Committee, which serve as leading examples for other peers to follow; and
3) To outreach the HCFC phase-out challenge and promote awareness on HCFC phase-out among the local authorities at various levels, end-users of the HCFC based equipment, and the general public.
In the past decade and more, China has been using very effectively public campaigns on the emerging challenge of ozone layer depletion and facilitating the ozone depletion substance (ODS) phase-out through various approaches, especially taking the opportunity of celebrating the World Environment Day and the International Ozone Day. However, due to the fact that HCFCs have been used as alternatives for the phase-out of CFCs, HCFCs based equipment used to be considered as “Green” products.
Furthermore, with the intended promotion of HCFCs products, some local manufacturers’ misleading advisement/ introduction has increased more confusion of HCFCs and other ODSs. There are some new sectors using HCFCs which were never involved in the ODS phase-out before, for example, Expanded Polystyrene (XPS, foam used as insulation)) and room air conditioner. The end-users of such products haven’t been informed of HCFCs issues and the availability of HCFC-free products/equipment's. Raising awareness of broad end-users has been approved as an effective measure to push the manufacturer to adopt non-HCFC technology; therefore, it would slow down the growth of the HCFCs consumption.
For general information on UNEP is doing, please visit the website: http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/
For China ozone layer relevant information, you may like to visit http://www.ozone.org.cn/ (Chinese version)

SOUTH EAST ASIA AND PACIFIC
5- Malaysia Expects To Phase Out HCFCs By 2030

NORTH AMERICA
6- Chemical-Free Christmas Trees
Source: Pesticide Action Network North America (PANNA), Weekly News Update, December 18, 2008,
http://www.panna.org

PACIFIC ISLAND COUNTRIES
7- Island Nations Speak Out at UN Conference on Black Carbon, Montreal Protocol
Source: The Environmental and Energy Study Institute, www.eesi.org
For additional information > Market Watch; mercury news; rs.6.net; rs.6.net II; rs.6.net III; Reuters; UNFCCC; IGSD climate briefing note on black carbon.
___________
FEATURED:
WEBSITES
>> "The Montreal Protocol Who’s Who"a new web portal to honor the visionaries, innovators and implementers who are making the Montreal Protocol a global environmental success story.
Read more... Acess MP Who's Who

>> Ozzy Ozone Cares for Children
UNEP has emphasized children in its Global Awareness Campaign under the Multilateral Fund and has developed a suite of educational and public awareness products aimed at children. Learn more @

READING
>> Presentations from “The Importance of Military Organizations in Protecting the Climate: 2008”, Paris, France, 3-5 November. Read/download the presentations:
http://www.igsd.org/conferences/Paris2008.php
In addition, you are welcome to contribute to a book under development called “Military Handbook on Climate Protection.” Participants are welcome to submit essays, pictures, or case studies to be considered for inclusion. Please contact directly Stephen Andersen (stephen.andersen@epa.gov), Kristen Taddonio (kristen.taddonio@epa.gov), or (vmillon@inece.org) if you are interested.

VIDEO
>> Free Web-Based Education Program for Patients Transitioning From CFC to HFA Inhalers
Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) announced that a new Web-based video geared to help people successfully manage the transition from CFC albuterol inhalers to HFA [hydrofluoroalkane] inhalers is now available at its Web site, www.breatherville.org. Smart Moves to an HFA Inhaler uses technology that allows viewers to ask questions in everyday language and immediately receive a response with relevant, highly focused answers. Users can obtain valuable information about why inhalers are changing, the differences between newer and older inhalers, cost concerns and how to use new HFA inhalers. To view the video >> http://216.128.28.205/exp/aanma_mdi/(S(ckujci452q5g1j55bedia145)
)/viewer2.aspx?ConnectionSpeed=374

 


30 November 2008

In this issue:

1- Maximizing the Climate-Combating Benefits of the Ozone Layer Treaty Key Outcome of
Qatar-Hosted Meeting
Nations Also Agree to Replenish the Multi-Million Dollar Fund Assisting Developing Countries to continue the phase out of ozone depleting substances.
8th Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention and 20th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
2- Paper to be in 'Short Supply' at International Ozone Gathering Qatar and UN Pave Way for Environmentally-Friendly, Paper-Free Events
3- Summary of the 20th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol and 8th Meeting of
the Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention, 16-20 NOVEMBER 2008
4- Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Levels Reach New Highs - WMO Greenhouse Gas Bulletin 2007
5- Military Enlisted to Combat Climate Change and Ozone Layer Damage




1- Maximizing the Climate-Combating Benefits of the Ozone Layer Treaty Key Outcome of
Qatar-Hosted Meeting

Nations Also Agree to Replenish the Multi-Million Dollar Fund Assisting Developing Countries to continue the phase out of ozone depleting substances.
8th Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention and 20th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer

Doha/Nairobi, 21 November 2008 - Treaties combating ozone layer damage and climate change can learn from each other in order to maximize economic and environmental benefits.

The conclusion reflects growing understanding that the phase-out of chemicals that damage the ozone layer - the Earth’s protective shield - also has implications for the fight against global warming.

The governments, meeting in Doha the capital city of Qatar , have requested the Executive Secretary of the Montreal Protocol ozone agreement to coordinate amongst others with the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to explore closer, cooperative ties.

They are requesting that the two treaties to hold meetings and explore several areas of cooperation including on how best to reduce releases of substances known as hydroflurocarbons (HFCs).

HFCs, along with pollutants such as C02 and methane, are one of the six gases controlled under the climate convention’s Kyoto Protocol.

In addition, governments are suggesting that mutual benefits can also come from an accelerated freeze and phase-out of hydrochluroflurocarbons (HCFCs).

HCFCs are chemicals that were introduced to replace older, more ozone-damaging gases in products such as refrigerators and air conditioning units.

But these replacement chemicals are now also scheduled for replacement and governments are keen to ensure that the new chemicals developed not only are ozone-friendly, but climate-friendly too.

Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary and Executive Director of the UN Environment Programme which hosts the Ozone Secretariat, said: ”In a world of scarce financial resources, maximizing the impacts of the various multi-lateral environmental agreements is paramount. Governments have made it clear that there can be multiple benefits if the experiences of the Montreal Protocol and the UN climate change convention can be better shared to reinforce mutual aims. UNEP looks forward to exploring how best these recommendations can be taken forward”.

Maximizing benefits among environmental treaties was among the outcomes of the 8th Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention and the 20th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol that concluded late last week in Doha .

Linked to the Montreal Protocol is a multilateral fund that assists developing countries to phase-out ozone damaging chemicals.

Governments meeting in Doha agreed to replenish the fund by over $490 million for the period 2009 to 2001.

How best to destroy ozone and climate-damaging chemicals, stored in old equipment such as air conditioning units and foams, was also part of the talks.

Countries also urged the ozone treaty to work with funding organizations such as the Global Environment Facility to assess the most cost effective and rapid route to ridding the world of these stockpiled or ‘banked’ susbatnces.

During the meeting various important announcements were made (see unep.org media centre) including the plan ro establish an ozone and climate monitoring station in Qatar - the first in West Asia and a move by the military from Australia, the Netherlands and the United States to assist developing countries with the destruction of banked ozone depleting substances.

Notes to Editors Documents related to the meeting can be found at http://www.ozone.unep.org
For More Information Please Contact
Nick Nuttall, UNEP Spokesperson/Head of Media, nick.nuttall@unep.org
Maria Soldanha, Communications and Information Officer, maria.soldanha@unep.org
Source: UNEP,
http://unep.org/Documents.Multilingual/Default.asp?DocumentID=550&ArticleID=5997&l=en


2- Paper to be in 'Short Supply' at International Ozone Gathering
Qatar and UN Pave Way for Environmentally-Friendly, Paper-Free Events
20th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol and
8th Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention

Doha/Nairobi, 16 November 2008 - Paper-free or near paperless conferences may soon be in sight under a pioneering initiative by the Government of Qatar and the UN Environment Programme(UNEP), it was announced today.
Delegates attending an international conference on the protection of the ozone layer are being issued with laptops and given lessons on how to minimize paper in terms of documents, reports and publications.
Special software is being utilized which will allow delegates to share and amend papers during the six day meeting taking place in the Qatari capital Doha.
The initiative is also expected to save greenhouse gas emissions linked with the shipment of conference documents and publications to and from meetings.

Key Issues at the Conference

The pilot comes as delegates from over 150 countries are meeting under the Montreal Protocol and Vienna Convention on substances that deplete the ozone layer.

Issues before delegates include destruction of ozone damaging substances held in items such as fridges, fire-fighting equipment and foams.

Many of these banked ozone-damaging chemicals have climate change impacts too. Large amount could, without action, be released as early as 2015.

This could lead to the equivalent of several billion tonnes of C02 being pumped into the atmosphere.

Countries will also discuss the sixth replenishment of the Multilateral Fund- which has so far spent over $2 billion on assisting developing countries to phase out ozone-killing chemicals and switch to less harmful ones.

Countries are likely to discuss a range of replenishment figures from around $338 million to close to $630 million to cover the coming years including the costs of accelerating the freeze and phase-out of HCFCs-chemicals that can damage the ozone layer but are now also known to contribute to global warming too.

A significant agreement to the accelerated freeze and phase-out was made at the last meeting off the Montreal Protocol held in the Canadian city from where the treaty takes its name.

Countries will again be seeking exemptions for a chemical known as methyl bromide used for fumigating soils against crop-damaging pests. However, the quantities of exemptions being sought are down by around 70 per cent from a few years ago.

Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary General and UNEP Executive Director, said: "The Montreal Protocol and the Vienna Convention are among the outstanding examples of international cooperation on the environment. They have lead to a dramatic reduction in the production and consumption of chemicals that deplete the ozone layer-that thin layer of high flying gas that protects all life on Earth from deadly levels of ultra violet rays".
"This week in Doha governments need to keep that momentum up including the necessary levels of funding needed to complete this important work including the challenge but also the opportunity presented for both ozone and climate from the accelerated freeze and phase-out of HCFCs," he said.

Mr Steiner said the paperless conference concept would be another welcome and practical outcome of the meeting.
"Tens of millions of tones of C02, the principle greenhouse gas, are released as a result of the manufacture, printing and shipping of paper in the form of documents, publications and books. The UN and its numerous meetings are no exception," he said.
"I would like to thank the Government of Qatar for backing this inspiring idea and look forward to taking the concept forward-if we are successful it could become a blue print across the UN and who knows, perhaps one day we could witness a near paperless or paper-free General Assembly in New York," said Mr Steiner.

Waleed Al-Emadi, a senior ozone expert at the Qatar Ministry of the Environment, said: "In the United States alone there have been estimates that a 10 per cent reduction in the use of paper in offices could cut greenhouse gas emissions by 1.6 billion tones".
"Less printing also means less ink, less use of heavy metals such as cadmium and less use of electricity. Imagine the environmental improvements around the world if paperless or near paper less meetings and conferences can be part of daily life."

Paper-free UNEP Governing Council
The pilot is expected to lead to an even bigger trial when the world's environment ministers meet in Nairobi, Kenya in February next year at the headquarters of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP).
The Qatar Ministry of the Environment is planning to donate a large quantity of laptops complete with the special software while dispatching IT experts to make UNEP's Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum as paper-free as possible.
Many delegates attending conferences also bring and return home with large quantities of books and reports.
A study by UNEP on climate neutrality, released in June this year to mark World Environment Day 2008, estimated that if every air passenger reduced their luggage and carry on items by 20 Kg it could reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by two million tones a year.
UNEP's exhibition in Doha will also be paperless and sport the banner 'Are You looking for a UNEP Publication? We Left it At Home!'.
In order to get delegates on the paperless path, UNEP will be handing out memory sticks and guides on how to download publications while outlining the greenhouse gas emissions saved by not carting loads of documents back home.

Notes to Editors
The 20th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol [took] place at the Sheraton Doha Conference and Convention Centre. Documents can be accessed at http://www.ozone.unep.org
For More Information Please Contact
Nick Nuttall, UNEP Spokesperson/Head of Media, nick.nuttall@unep.org
Maria Soldanha, Communications and Information Officer, maria.soldanha@unep.org


3- Summary of the 20th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol and 8th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention, 16-20 NOVEMBER 2008
The eighth Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the twentieth Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocolon Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (COP-8/MOP-20) took place in Doha, Qatar, from 16-20 November 2008. The joint meeting was attended by over 500 participants representing governments, UN agencies, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, academia, industry and the agricultural sector.

COP-8/MOP-20 opened with a preparatory segment from Sunday to Tuesday, 16-18 November, that addressed the COP/MOP’s substantive agenda items and related draft decisions. This was followed by a high-level segment, which convened from Wednesday to Thursday, 19-20 November, and adopted the decisions forwarded to it by the preparatory segment. As the preparatory segment did not conclude its work on a number of contentious issues by Tuesday, it reconvened several times during the high-level segment to address outstanding issues, including replenishment of the Multilateral Fund, destruction of ozone depleting substances (ODS), and essential uses of metered dose inhalers.

COP-8/MOP-20 adopted a Doha Declaration and 29 decisions, including: replenishment of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol; ratification; compliance; methyl bromide; destruction of ODS; essential- and critical-use exemptions; process agents; and financial and administrative matters. Despite an extensive agenda, the hard work of delegates in plenary, contact groups and informal bilateral discussions, led to the resolution of all items, and enabled the meeting to conclude, as scheduled, on Thursday evening.
Daily coverage available from the IISD Reporting Service
http://www.iisd.ca/ozone/mop20/18Nov.html


4- Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Levels Reach New Highs - WMO Greenhouse Gas Bulletin 2007

GENEVA, 25 NOVEMBER 2008 (WMO) – Levels of climate-warming greenhouse gases continue to increase in the atmosphere. In 2007, global concentrations of carbon dioxide again reached the highest levels ever recorded. These latest numbers, published today in the World Meteorological Organization’s (WMO) 2007 Greenhouse Gas Bulletin, continue the trend of rising emissions of greenhouse gases since the Industrial Revolution.

Greenhouse gases trap radiation within the Earth’s atmosphere causing it to warm. Human activities, such as fossil fuel burning and agriculture, are major emitters of the gases, which scientists widely recognize as drivers of global warming and climate change. After water vapour, the four most prevalent greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and chloro fluoro carbons. The WMO Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) coordinates the measurement of these gases in the atmosphere through a network of observatories located in more than 65 countries.

The latest numbers show that carbon dioxide reached 383.1 parts per million (ppm), an increase of 0.5 percent from 2006. Concentrations of nitrous oxide also reached record highs in 2007, up 0.25 per cent from the year before, while methane increased 0.34 per cent, exceeding the highest value so far, which was recorded in 2003. Using the NOAA Annual greenhouse gas index, the total warming effect of all long-lived greenhouse gases was calculated to have increased by 1.06 per cent from the previous year and by 24.2 per cent since 1990. In the meanwhile, levels of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) continue to slowly decrease, a result of emission reductions under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.

Since the mid-18th Century, carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere have risen an unfettered 37 per cent. Population growth and urban development worldwide continue to increase the use of fossil fuels, such as oil, coal and natural gas, which emit carbon dioxide and other gases into the atmosphere. At the same time, the clearing of land for agriculture, including deforestation, is releasing carbon dioxide into the air and reducing carbon uptake by the biosphere.

While the atmospheric concentrations of CO2 and N2O are increasing steadily, the growth rate of methane concentrations has slowed over the past decade with some variations from one year to the next. The 6 ppb rise from 2006 to 2007 is the highest annual methane increase observed since 1998. . It is still too early to state with certainty, however, that this latest increase is the start of a new upward trend in methane levels. Human activities, such as fossil fuel exploitation, rice agriculture, biomass burning, landfills and ruminant farm animals, account for some 60 per cent of atmospheric methane, with natural sources, for example wetlands and termites, responsible for the remaining 40 per cent.

The continued success of the Montreal Protocol to reduce emissions of ozone-depleting substances is evident in the decline in CFC concentrations. By 2010, the Montreal Protocol, which celebrated its 20th anniversary in 2007, will have reduced greenhouse gas warming by a factor of five greater than the reduction target of the first commitment period (2008-2012) of the Kyoto Protocol.

This year’s Greenhouse Gas Bulletin is the fourth in the series, the three previous ones providing results for 2004, 2005 and 2006 respectively. The Bulletins provide critical information on the global state of the atmosphere in a concise manner and highlight recent accomplishments of research and technology application.

WMO prepares and distributes the annual Greenhouse Gas Bulletins in cooperation with the GAW Scientific Advisory Group for Greenhouse Gases, with the assistance of the NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory and WMO’s World Data Centre for Greenhouse Gases (WDCGG). The measurement data are archived and distributed by the WDCGG, hosted by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA).

The 2007 Bulletin, as well as earlier issues, are available through the WMO GAW Programme Web page at http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/arep/gaw/gaw_home_en.html
For more information please contact:
at NOAA: Ed Dlugokencky, ed.dlugokencky@noaa.gov or
James H. Butler, James.H.Butler@noaa.gov
at JMA: Mr. Kazuto Suda, suda@met.kishou.go.jp
WMO is the United Nations' authoritative voice on weather, climate and water
For more information please contact:
Ms Carine Richard-Van Maele, Chief, Communications and Public Affairs, WMO cpa@wmo.int
Ms Gaëlle Sévenier, Press Officer, Tel. +41 (0) 22 730 8417.


5- Military Enlisted to Combat Climate Change and Ozone Layer Damage

Doha, 20 November 2008 - The military is being deployed to help save the ozone layer and to fight global warming under a unique partnership between the United Nations, national governments and several armed forces it was announced today.

Military personnel from Australia, the Netherlands and the United States are offering to assist countries in the safe collection of stockpiles and banks of unwanted, ozone-damaging substances.

The military experts will also give support and advice on the shipping, labeling and other logistical procedures needed to 'fast-track' the chemicals to disposal centers in various parts of the globe.

The 'partnership' could dramatically cut the costs of the disposal of chemicals such as Hydrofluorocarbons (HCFCs) and chloroflurocarbons (CFCs) to a third or less of the current market cost.

Many armed forces have existing, competitively priced contracts already in place for destroying ozone-damaging chemicals found as gases and foams in old military air-conditioning units and other kinds of army, navy and air force equipment.

It is hoped that by joining forces, civilian destruction programmes will be able to benefit from these low cost contracts making them cheaper and more attractive to undertake.

News of the initiative comes as over 150 are meeting in Doha, Qatar for the 8th Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention and 20th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer.

Well over 90 per cent of chemicals that damage the ozone layer - the thin, high flying layer of gas that filters out the sun's harmful rays - have been phased-out.

But this means that significant quantities are stockpiled in old equipment and banked in existing devices which will soon come to the end of their life.

The conference is Doha has been told that releases from these sources could add to both ozone depletion and climate change because many of these substances are also potent greenhouse gases.

Without action to safely remove and destroy these chemicals experts fear that by 2015 releases equivalent to several billion tones of C02 could occur.

Marco Gonzalez, Executive Secretary of the UN Environment Programme's (UNEP) Ozone Secretariat, said:" The military in many countries have been at the forefront of efforts to phase-out ozone depleting substances - their experience can be invaluable for developing countries facing similar challenges".

The new initiative, which will make use of technical experts in the military already on the ground, brings together a wide range of organizations and countries and is being spearheaded by the US Environmental Protection Agency and the US Department of Defence.

Notes to Editors

Partnership Overview
This partnership has a two pronged "Start and Strengthen" approach to support collection and destruction: 1) Sharing of information and 2) Consulting on logistics.

Better Treaty Coordination. The UNEP Ozone Secretariat has agreed to act as coordinator with the Basel Convention Secretariat and other conventions to ensure the transport of unwanted ozone depleting substances to countries with destruction facilities is correctly permitted. This activity itself will be helpful because it will streamline the desirable shipments of chemicals to proper destruction facilities.

Public Relations. Local military authorities will have the desirable experience of working with local environmental authorities, helping with state and community relations on other environmental issues faced at overseas bases.

More Efficient and Cost-Effective Waste Management. The partnership will coordinate an international "clearinghouse" to match supply with demand by connecting countries requiring ODS destruction to those having proper destruction facilities available. They will make every effort to minimize transport distances and maximize effectiveness. By having a global clearinghouse, small quantities can be aggregated for maximum destruction cost-effectiveness.

Partners
Argentina Ministry of the Environment
Australia Department of Defence
Australia Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts
Federated States of Micronesia Ministry of Environment
Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development (IGSD)
International Network for Environmental Compliance & Enforcement (INECE)
Mauritius Ministry of Environment
Netherlands Halon Bank Association
Netherlands Ministry of Defence
United Nations Development Programme
United Nations Environment Programme
United Nations Industrial Development Organization
United States Department of Defense
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Quotes by Some of the Partners

"The military's leadership shown by these partners will earn the praise of environmentalists and compliance officials from around the world," said Durwood Zaelke, President of the Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development (IGSD), and Director of the International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement (INECE), a network of 4,000 environmental authorities in more than 150 countries. "Protecting the earth against climate change is an environmental security campaign that we all support."

"Argentina is proud to be one of the leaders promoting the climate benefits of the Montreal Protocol, and we welcome the opportunity to work with the technical logistics experts from the militaries of the world to continue these efforts to realize benefits for both the climate system and the ozone layer," said Romina Picolotti, Secretary of Environment for Argentina. "Our goal is to be first to benefit from this assistance to achieve the highest possible ozone and climate benefits at affordable cost. Once again, Argentina wants to continue demonstrating through our actions that developing countries are willing to take on their fair share of climate responsibility when technology and financing are available."

"The United States is committed to actions under the Montreal Protocol for the benefit of the global climate system and fragile ozone layer," said James L. Connaughton, Chairman, US Council on Environmental Quality. "Experts who responsibly manage military ozone-depleting substances can transfer that know-how throughout the world to recover and destroy a significant portion of unwanted or unusable ozone-depleting substances."

Island nations are among the most vulnerable to climate change," said Sateeaved Seebaluck, Permanent Secretary, Mauritius Ministry of Environment. "We must do everything possible within as well as outside the scope of the climate treaties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions as fast as we can to avoid passing the tipping points for abrupt climate changes, including sea-level rise that threatens Mauritius and all other island and coastal nations. That's why Mauritius and Micronesia have proposed incentives for collection and destruction and why we welcome this partnership."

"It is an honor for military logistics experts to use their considerable talent and experience to help the world protect the stratospheric ozone and climate," said Robert S. Thien, US DoD ODS Program Manager. "I am confident that the United States Department of Defense and our partners can provide guidance to developing nations concerning collecting, storing/banking and someday destroying CFCs, HCFCs and other ozone-depleting substances that also threaten climate."

"The Netherlands is proud of our national leadership in combined ODS banking for both industry and the military and pleased to share everything we know that can protect the global environment," said Anton Janssen, Head, Knowledge Centre for Occupational Safety and Health and Environment, Netherlands Ministry of Defence." "Technical cooperation on ODS application and replacement avoids costly duplication of effort and builds trust and networks so experts can work together for the good of human society."

"For more than a decade, experts in our Defense Logistics Agency have worked hard to perfect every detail of ODS bank management," said Kristen N. Taddonio, Manager of Strategic Climate Projects, EPA Climate Protection Partnerships Division. "Military organizations know everything about putting ODS in secure long-term storage, moving ODSs to destruction facilities, and moving mobile destruction facilities to ODS."

"Military organizations have protected the ozone layer through leadership, policy, procurement, and management," said K. Madhava Sarma, Senior Expert Member, Montreal Protocol Technology and Economics Panel. He added, "With military leadership and technical expertise on ODS collection and destruction, the world is sure to succeed in preventing harmful emissions from the ODS banks."
Source: UNEP Ozone Secretariat,

http://www.unep.org/Documents.Multilingual/Default.asp?DocumentID=550&ArticleID=5993&l=en

###

FEATURED
During the course of the 20th Meeting of the Parties, UNEP DTIE's OzonAction Branch organised several side events as described below.

UNEP DTIE 's OzonAction Launches The Montreal Protocol Who's Who"The Montreal Protocol Who's Who”

At the opening of the 20th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol, Doha, Qatar, UNEP DTIE 's OzonAction unveiled “The Montreal Protocol Who’s Who’’ (MP Who's Who) a new web portal intended to honor the visionaries, innovators and implementers who are making the Montreal Protocol a global environmental success story. Read more >>>
Watch the MP Who's Who introductory video >>>
Acess the MP Who's Who, learn more about the
"ozone champions" through the pages of the Montreal Protocol Who's Who. You have a unique

opportunity to nominate ozone protection champions from your country or region. >>>

Linking HCFC Phase-out to the Climate Agenda in African Countries
UNEP and the World Bank are proposing an initiative that would focus on several countries in Africa to demonstrate the feasibility of a comprehensive program that reduces both consumption of HCFC s as refrigenrant and emissions of carbon dioxide from the improvment of energy efficiency in the refrigeration and air-conditioning (AC) sector through the support of multiple resources. This proposal will be put forward to African countries at a regional workshop in early 2009 that brings together not only national ozone units, but for the first time, country focal points for climate change. The workshops held on 19 November in Doha, Qatar, allowed countries to discuss possibilities for synergies, gauge the feasibility of the approach, and determine steps forward as well as the roles of UNEP and the World Bank in supporting countries in this endeavor.
Contact: UNEP DTIE OzonAction, Rajendra Shende, rajendra.shende@unep.fr
UNEP CAP ROA, Jeremy Bazye, jeremy.bazye@unep.org
The World Bank, Steve Gorman,
sgorman@worldbank.org

Pilot Workshop for Teachers and Students in Qatar
The Government of Qatar and the OzonAction Programme organised for the first time an innovative, pilot workshop for secondary school teachers and students based on the new education pack. The workshop was attended by the following schools: Global Academy, Al Khor International School and Royal International School. The Qatar National Committee was also present. In the end of the workshop, the students received Ozzy Ozone cartoon books and videos and teachers were encouraged to use the Secondary School Education Pack in their activities. UNEP together with UNESCO will conduct similar workshops in all West Asian countries.

 

UNEP Exhibition is “Paperless”
In support of the initiative of the Government of Qatar, UNEP OzonAction was inspired to make contribution in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and reducing solid waste. This year's UNEP exhibition is “paperless”. Instead of giving the delegates to the MOP-20 printed copies, they were offered electronic versions on a USB key. By not shipping UNEP OzonAction documents to this meeting, more than 2.5 tons of C02 emissions were avoided.

Ozone Protection, Climate Change and Energy Efficiency: Montreal – Kyoto
"Industria & Formazione" the second special international issue featuring articles written by internationally-renown experts in industry, government, and research institutes, focuses on alternatives to HCFCs, including both natural and fluorinated refrigerants. This magazine, was launched at the 20th Meeting of the Parties in Doha, was produced by the Centro Studi Galileo in cooperation with UNEP's OzonAction Programme, the International Institute of Refrigeration, and the Associazione dei Tecnici del Freddo, under the auspices of the Italian Ministry of the Environment.
Read/Download the PDF >>>

 

SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT

Dr. Susan Solomon, Received the 2008 Grande Medaille from French Academy of Sciences
For her scientific achievements, including pioneering research that helped explain the cause of the ozone hole, and her leadership as co-chair of Working Group 1 for the recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change assessment report, NOAA Senior Scientist Susan Solomon will receive the Grande Medaille from the Institute of France’s Academy of Sciences during the award ceremony Nov. 25 in Paris.
“This is yet another prestigious recognition of the talent and scientific skill of one of NOAA’s exemplary scientists,” said Dr. William J. Brennan, acting undersecretary of Commerce for oceans and atmosphere and NOAA administrator. “While this is a major personal achievement for Dr. Solomon, we at NOAA also take great pride in this accomplishment.”
Solomon is a senior scientist at NOAA’s Earth System Research Laboratory in Boulder, Colo.
The “grande medaille” was created in 1997 and is awarded annually to a French or foreign scholar who had made transformative contributions to science through his or her personal research and international presence.
Earlier this year, Solomon was named a Foreign Member of United Kingdom’s The Royal Society. The Royal Society is an independent academy promoting the natural and applied sciences. Solomon was one of eight new foreign members, a special designation for those outside of the United Kingdom. See Related links:
Speech: http://www.academie-sciences.fr/conferences/seances_solennelles/
pdf/discours_Hoffmann_Solomon_25_11_08.pdf

General description - English: http://www.academie-sciences.fr/prix/generalites_gb.htm
Press Release - French
http://www.academie-sciences.fr/actualites/communiques/pdf/grande_medaille_2008_communique.pdf
Source: Académie des sciences de l'Institut de France, http://www.academie-sciences.fr/

 


15 November 2008

In this issue:

1- May the Second Best Win: Another Look at the Lessons for Climate Change Mitigation from the Montreal Protocol
2- Getting Rid of Unwanted Chemicals to Protect Earth’s Ozone Layer and Climate
3- Military Has Key Role to Play in Tackling Climate Change
4- National Emission Standards for Halogenated Solvent Cleaning
5- Skin Cancer Prevention, Polo Shirt or Both?

GLOBAL

1- May the Second Best Win: Another Look at the Lessons for Climate Change Mitigation from the Montreal Protocol
The essay is based on the author's personal observations in the context of the seminar “The Montreal Protocol and climate negotiations: Lessons for technology transfer and financing toward COP15” held in Copenhagen on 28 October 2008 and sponsored by COWI, http://www.cowi.com
Source: MEA Bulletin - Guest Article No. 57a - Thursday, 6 November 2008, By Asger Garnak, Senior climate change economist, COWI, agk@cowi.dk - http://www.iisd.ca/mea-l/guestarticle57a.html

2- Getting Rid of Unwanted Chemicals to Protect Earth’s Ozone Layer and Climate
Tokyo/Bangkok, 19 September 2008- Japan is at the forefront of the Asia-Pacific region in exploring better solutions to get rid of unwanted ozone depleting substances (ODS), chemicals that have been widely used around the world by industry, farmers and by consumers. By permanently destroying such chemicals with safe and clean technologies, the stratospheric ozone layer - earth’s protective shield - and the earth’s climate, can both benefit.
The main cause of stratospheric ozone depletion is the release of chloroflurocarbons (CFCs), which have used for decades in the manufacture and operation of refrigerators and air-conditioners among others. The Montreal Protocol, signed by 193 countries has established a progressive phasing out of CFCs, with interim agreements that refined and widened the reach of legislation, to include a freezing of production and consumption of hydrochloroflurocarbons (HCFCs) by 2013 in developing countries. Both CFCs and HCFCs deplete the ozone layer (though to differing degrees), and both are also potent global warming gases.
Destruction of all banks from the refrigeration and AC equipment that are reaching its life time as of 2008 could significantly contribute to the recovery of the ozone layer. Without action, most of these banks will be released into the atmosphere by 2015, by which time emissions from CFC banks alone could equal approximately 6.0 to 7.4 giga tons of carbon dioxide equivalent between 2002 and 2015.
“Even after production has been phased out, a large quantity of ODS banks will remain which will continue to emit harmful gases which will impede global efforts to heal the ozone layer. These emissions need to be contained and eliminated in a safe destructive environment” said Dr. S.R Joshi, National Ozone Officer of Nepal on behalf of the 13 ozone officers of the South Asia Network, during a workshop on ODS destruction in Tokyo, Japan, which started today. “Their presence in the atmosphere is a double blow to the atmosphere, so cost effective destruction of these unusable and un-needed quantities is responsible cradle-to-grave management of these harmful chemicals.” On the occasion of the workshop, a joint Japan-UNEP study on ODS destruction issues was also launched. This study will attempt to develop an action plan to address the destruction of ODS banks in the Asia and Pacific region.
Several countries have successfully employed regulatory or voluntary measures to improve the recovery and recycling of ODS in existing equipment (called “banks”) at the end of their useful life, which is the first crucial step in the process that leads to the final destruction of those chemicals. These measures include requiring specific servicing practices to maximize recovery of ODS, providing a rebate for their return, establishing safe disposal requirements to ensure removal of refrigerants from goods that enter the waste stream (such as household fridges), making voluntary emissions of refrigerants an offense and expanding ODS voluntary measures to include other greenhouse gases that are used as substitutes for ODS or can be destroyed at the same facilities as ODS. Atul Bagai, Regional Officer (Networking), Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP), Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (ROAP) said “As some ODS such as HCFCs have high global warming potential, reducing their emissions is a significant contributor to savings in terms of both ozone and climate”.
During the 2-day workshop on ODS destruction, representatives of Ministries of the Environment of 13 South Asian countries will share their needs and capabilities with regard to this issue. Australia, the United States and Japan will share their first-hand experiences in handling and disposing of unwanted ODS. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will present the US policies on ODS reuse and disposal and Japan will be present their regional project preparation and the draft workplan to collaborate with other Asia-Pacific countries in finding the key solutions to the destruction issue. The participants will also have the opportunity to see destruction technology first-hand when they visit the Kankyo-Soken and San-yu Plants, two major ODS destruction facilities in Japan. This workshop which is organized by the Government of Japan will be followed by the Meeting of South Asia Network of Ozone officers with the theme “Addressing Remaining 2010 Compliance Challenges and Moving Ahead on HCFC Phaseout”, 21-22 September 2008, Tokyo, Japan, which is organized by UNEP DTIE’s OzonAction Programme, ROAP team, with supporting from the Multilateral Fund and the Government of Japan.
Contact: Atul Bagai, Regional Coordinator (Networking), UNEP ROAP, bagai@un.org

3- Military Has Key Role to Play in Tackling Climate Change
WASHINGTON, Oct 30, 2008 /PRNewswire-USNewswire via COMTEX/ -- World Military Leaders and Climate Experts Meet in Paris
Military leaders and climate experts from around the world will convene next week in Paris, France for "The Importance of Military Organizations in Protecting the Climate: 2008," on 3-5 November 2008.
This workshop intends to provide a forum for leadership announcements and updates; apply lessons from ozone layer protection to climate protection; highlight challenges and progress made by developed and developing countries; summarize emerging and available climate protection technologies suitable for military and civilian applications; and present case studies of military and commercial leadership to protect the climate.
"Military organizations have been instrumental in our fight to protect the ozone layer over the past 20 years," said Durwood Zaelke, Director of the International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement. "With climate change threatening to disrupt many aspects of society in the near future, including national security, it is imperative we enlist their help to overcome this global problem." Mr. Zaelke will be speaking on "Anticipating & Responding to the Growing Risk of Abrupt Climate Changes."
Other speakers include Marco Gonzalez, Executive Director of the Montreal Protocol; Rear Admiral Niels C. Wang, Kongelige Danske Marine (Royal Danish Navy); Marta Bonifert, Director, Environment and Security Initiative (ENVSEC); Major General Rajeev Datt, Director General, Land Works and Environment, Indian Army; Dr. Guus Velders, Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency; K. Madhava Sarma, former Executive Secretary of the Montreal Protocol; and Dr. Stephen O. Andersen, Director of Strategic Climate Projects at U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
"Military cooperation to protect climate and stratospheric ozone layer is a centerpiece of environmental security," said Dr. Stephen O. Andersen, also Co-Chair of the Montreal Protocol Technology and Economic Assessment Panel and EPA liaison to the Department of Defense on Climate Change.
This conference is being sponsored by the EU Member States Defense Environmental Network, U.S. Department of Defense, United Nations Environment Programme, Institute for Environmental Security, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Institute for Defense Analysis, and Environment and Security Initiative (ENVSEC). It is the fifth in an international series that began in 1991.
INECE links the environmental compliance and enforcement efforts of more than 4,000 practitioners - inspectors, prosecutors, regulators, parliamentarians, judges, and NGOs - from 150 countries, through training and capacity building programs, raising awareness, and enhancing enforcement cooperation.
SOURCE International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement , http://inece.org/

NORTH AMERICA

4- National Emission Standards for Halogenated Solvent Cleaning
comment on these issues up for reconsideration, and those issues are identified, in detail, in this notice. http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/E8-24013.htm
SOURCE: http://www.ercweb.com

EUROPE

5- Skin Cancer Prevention, Polo Shirt or Both?
SOURCE: PRLog.Org, 27 October, 2008, By Pamela Wigglesworth,
http://www.prlog.org/10133431-skin-cancer-prevention-polo-shirt-or-both.html

=/=/=/=/=

FEATURED Website

>>> The Ozone Meetings - Hosted by the Qatar Ministry of Environment, between November 8th and the 20th, the Protocol signatories will be meeting in Doha to chart the future of the Protocol and to ensure that the world remains on track to phasing-out the remaining uses of ozone depleting substances. http://www.qatarozone.com/index.html

FEATURED Reading

20MOP: Draft decision on difficulties faced by Iraq as a new Party (Proposed by Iraq) - UNEP/OzL.Pro.20/CRP.1 (A) (C) (E) (F) (R) (S) Reissued due to technical reason
Status of information provided by Parties in accordance with Article 7 of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer - Report by the Secretariat: Addendum - UNEP/OzL.Pro.20/5/Add.1 – UNEP/OzL.Pro/ImpCom/41/2/Add.1 (A) (C) (E) (F) (R) (S)
Status of ratification, accession, acceptance or approval of the agreements on the protection of the stratospheric ozone layer - UNEP/OzL.Conv.8/INF/2-UNEP/OzL.Pro.20/INF/1 (E)
Draft decision on compliance with its obligations under the Montreal Protocol submitted by Nepal - UNEP/OzL.Pro.20/CRP.2 (A) (C) (E) (F) (R) (S)
List of Documents -UNEP/OzL.Conv.8/INF/6 - UNEP/OzL.Pro.20/INF/12 - Advance Copy 4 (E)
Addendum to the TEAP Progress Report (May 2008) (Essential use nominations for MDIs reassessment) (October 2008) (E)
“Together we make the difference”: information on the system for paperless meetings - UNEP/OzL.Conv.8/INF/3-UNEP/OzL.Pro.20/INF/4 - (A) (C) (E) (F) (R) (S)
Source: UNEP Ozone Secretariat, http://ozone.unep.org

>>> Lessons from Montreal Protocol can pave the way for a new climate treaty
International seminar, 28 October 2008, Venue: Lyngby, Copenhagen

Download Programme: Seminar on Montreal Protocol and Climate (pdf),
Presentations from the conference:
- Presentation by K. Madhava Sarma (pdf)
- Presentation by Stephen O. Andersen (pdf)
- Presentation by Fredrik von Malmborg (pdf)
- Presentation by Asger Garnak (pdf)
Source: COWI, http://www.cowi.com/menu/news/newsarchive/generalnews/Pages
/LessonsfromMontrealProtocolcanclearthewayforanewclimatetreaty.aspx


30 October 2008


GLOBAL

1- "Collecting and Destroying Banks: Funding for Pilot Projects Critical for Long-Term Financing"
Action now can help us protect the ozone layer better as well as prevent the emission of up to 6 billion tonnes or more of CO2-eq. by 2015 from "banks" of ozone-depleting substances ("ODSs") in discarded products and equipment. The climate change mitigation potential of destroying ODS banks compares favorably with the 5 billion tonnes of CO2-eq. reductions the Kyoto Protocol seeks from 2008-2012.
The first step to prevent emissions from ODS banks is to support the proposals advanced by Argentina, Mauritius, and the Federated States of Micronesia at the Meeting of the Parties in Doha, Qatar this November. The proposals emphasize the importance of preventing emissions of ODS banks for both ozone and climate benefits and seek funding for pilot projects to collect and destroy ODS banks.
The TEAP has recommended US$ 27 million be allocated for the next three years for these pilot projects to allow the TEAP, MLF, and Parties to determine the economic feasibility of collection and destruction strategies. Information from the pilot projects will create the cost-certainty needed to secure the future funding necessary to collect and destroy all cost-effective banks. (The amount of the ODS banks that will be cost-effective to collect and destroy will increase as the importance of their climate mitigation increases, and this will happen as future climate impacts grow worse, and as tipping points for abrupt climate changes approach faster than previously anticipated.) Future funding for collection and destruction could come from a supplemental replenishment, carbon markets, or both.
At their July 2008 meeting in Japan, the leaders of the world's 17 major economies committed to "promote actions under the [Montreal Protocol] for the benefit of the global climate system." Collecting and destroying banks is one such action they need to support now. The major economies include the United States, France, Germany, Canada, Italy, Japan, Russia, Britain, the European Union, Australia, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, South Korea, and South Africa.
The Montreal Protocol is already the world's most effective environmental treaty with an unmatched record in protecting the ozone layer and supporting developing countries in meeting their treaty commitments. The Montreal Protocol also has produced a net reduction of 135 billions tons of CO2-eq. and delayed climate change up to 12 years, making it, for the moment at least, the world's most effective climate treaty as well. Last year's decision to accelerate the HCFC phase-out will result in additional climate mitigation of up to 16 billion tonnes or more of CO2-eq. This year's proposals promoting the destruction of ODS banks could result in up to 6 billion tonnes or more of CO2-eq. climate mitigation by 2015.
Climate change is occurring faster than predictions by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Urgent action is needed to avoid "tipping points" for abrupt and irreversible climate changes in the near-term, and to address the climate crisis in the long-term. The Montreal Protocol Parties have a unique opportunity to once again make a significant contribution to mitigating climate change while further protecting the ozone layer-an opportunity that will be lost unless they begin action now.
For further information, please contact IGSD, Pete Grabiel at
pgrabiel@igsd.org

AFRICA

2- Zim Makes Progress in Phasing Out Ozone Depleting Chemical
Source: The Herald Co., New Ziana, 10 Septemebr 2008,

http://www.herald.co.zw/inside.aspx?sectid=178&cat=8&livedate=9/10/2008

3- FG to Establish Ozone-Friendly Village - Director [Nigeria]
Source: Daily Trust. Distributed by AllAfrica Global Media (allAfrica.com), 19 September 2008, By Nasidi Adamu Yahaya and Mohammed Haruna Yusuf, http://allafrica.com/stories/200809190734.html


NORTH AMERICA

4- Organic Strawberries a Hard Sell at Times
Source: SF Gate, 25 October 2008, By: Deborah K. Rich, Special to The Chronicle
http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2008/10/25/HOOS13D5F6.DTL

5- Honeywell Sells Novel Low-Global-Warming Blowing Agent to European Customers
Source: Chemie.DE,
http://www.chemie.de/news/e/87948/

WEST ASIA

6- Carrier Set to Launch New Chiller Range
Source: Gulf Daily News, Vol XXXI, NO. 215, 21October 2008,
http://www.gulf-daily-news.com/Story.asp?Article=232256&Sn=BUSI&IssueID=31215
=/=/=/=/=

FEATURED Website

HCFC Help Centre: Refrigerant Blends Containing HCFCs
National Ozone Units must be able to identify refrigerant blends that contain HCFCs during the data collection stage of HCFC Phase Out Management Plans (HPMPs) to establish national HCFC consumption baselines. Customs officers need to be able to identify such blends as part of their enforcement of import/export licensing systems. To support these key stakeholders with this work, the UNEP DTIE OzonAction Programme has produced a handy list of all such blends as part of its HCFC Help Centre service. The list indicates the components, percentage composition, ASHRAE number, ODPs and GWPs, plus links to a global directory commercial trade names of refrigerants that use the specific blends. Currently the list includes the trade names of over 80 HCFC refrigerant blends (OzonAction invites anyone who knows of additional trade names of commercially-available HCFC blends to send the information to ozonaction@unep.fr).
To learn more, Please visit "Refrigerant Blends Containing HCFCs" at

http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/topics/hcfcblends.htm

FEATURED Reading
The following documents are available from UNEP Ozone Secreatriat website @
http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml

>>Issues for discussion by and information of the Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention at its eighth meeting and the Twentieth Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol - Note by the Secretariat: Corrigendum-UNEP/OzL.Conv.8/2/Corr.1 -UNEP/OzL.Pro.20/2/Corr.1- Advance copy (E)
>>Information on the issue of de minimis quantities when checking compliance after final phase-out and de minimis quantities in relation to substances with low ozone depleting potential - UNEP/OzL.Pro.20/INF/10 - UNEP/OzL.Pro/ImpCom/41/INF/4 -Advance Copy (E)
>>List of Documents-UNEP/OzL.Conv.8/INF/6-UNEP/OzL.Pro.20/INF/12-Advance Copy 3 (E)
>>Executive summary of the supplemental report of the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel Replenishment Task Force - UNEP/OzL.Pro.20/6 (A) (C) (E) (F) (R) (S)
>>Comment received by the Ozone Secretariat on the proposal of the Co-chairs of the Contact group on Essential uses and campaign production of CFCs for metered-dose inhalers-UNEP/OzL.Pro.20/INF/9 (E)
>>Review of essential-use decisions -UNEP/OzL.Pro.20/8 (A) (C) (E) (F) (R) (S)
>>Comments received on the proposal of the co-chairs of the contact group on destruction and banks - UNEP/OzL.Pro.20/INF/8 (E)
>>Data report under Article 7 of the Montreal Protocol - UNEP/OzL.Pro.20/5 - UNEP/OzL.Pro/ ImpCom/41/2 - Advance copy (E)
>>Recommendations of the seventh meeting of the Ozone Research Managers of the Parties to the Vienna Convention - UNEP/OzL.Conv.8/6 (A) (C) (E) (F) (R) (S)
>>Issues for discussion by and information of the Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention at its eighth meeting and the Twentieth Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol - Note by the Secretariat: Addendum - UNEP/OzL.Conv.8/2/Add.1-UNEP/ OzL.Pro.20/2/Add.1 - Advance Copy (E)

>>The World Meteorological Organisation, Antarctic Ozone Bulletin, No. 3, 13 October 2008 Executive summary - Read/Download PDF >>> http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/arep/documents/ant-bulletin-3-2008.pdfSource: The World Meteorological Organisation, http://www.wmo.int/pages/index_en.html


15 October 2008

GLOBAL
1- Sunburnt Seaweed? Yes, It's True
For more information:
Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research,
http://www.awi-bremerhaven.de/
Source: Cordis, 1 October 2008,
http://cordis.europa.eu/fetch?CALLER=EN_NEWS&ACTION=D&SESSION=&RCN=29927


2- Ozone Hole in 2008 Outgrows 2007 Hole

We're back in the hole
Source:
DailyTech, 9 October 2008,
http://www.dailytech.com/Ozone+Hole+in+2008+Outgrows+2007+Hole/article13152.htm

AFRICA
3- Africa Gets Tough on Chemicals

Source
: Mail & Guardian Online, 1 October 2008,
http://www.mg.co.za/article/2008-10-01-africa-gets-tough-on-chemicals

4- FG Assists 188 Industries with Ozone-Friendly Technology

Source:
Daily Triumph, Nigeria, 19 September 2008,
http://www.triumphnewspapers.com/fgs1992008.html


NORTH AMERICA
5- Climate-Friendly Greenfreezers Come to the United States
Source
: ENS, 1 October 2008,
http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/oct2008/2008-10-01-092.asp


SOUTH ASIA
6- $3.33 m UNDP Grant for Environment-Related Projects
Source:
The Nation, http://nation.ittefaq.com/issues/2008/10/08/news0132.htm

LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN
7- 13 Youths Get Environmental Scholarships to Study at IT-VET

Source:
The Reporter, 3 October 2008, By Adolph Lucas Jr. - Staff Reporter, http://www.reporter.bz/index.php?option=content&task=view&id=3074&Itemid=2

EUROPE
8- Environment Criminals Build $10bn Empire on Ivory, Timber and Skins
Source:
The Guardian, 13 October 2008, By: Robert Booth,
http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2008/oct/13/2

Click here to read/download related EIA report

9- Belgian Chocolate Maker Leonidas Successfully Uses Forane® 427A in Refrigeration Equipment at one of its Plants
Source:
ARKEMA, Press Release, 28 August 2008

=/=/=/=/=

>> FEATURED Reading >>
>>> The World Meteorological Organisation, Antarctic Ozone Bulletin, No. 2/2008
Read/Download PDF >>>
http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/arep/documents/ant-bulletin-2-2008.pdf
Source: The World Meteorological Organisation, http://www.wmo.int/pages/index_en.html

>>> Yemen's efforts to protect the ozone layer, Yemen Times, 29 September 2008, Interview of Mr. Faisal Ahmed Nasser, Yemen's National Ozone Officer, http://yementimes.com/article.shtml?i=1194&p=health&a=1

>>> A Guidebook to Customs Officers and Inspectors in the Nordic Countries, funded by the Nordic Council of Ministers and initiated by the Nordic Ozone Group, a cooperation between the officers in charge of ODS controls at the controls at the environmental protection agencies in five Nordic countries. This guidebook is written for environment protection inspectors and customs officers in the Nordic countries to highlight the importance of controlling importation and sale of products that contain ozone depleting substances. It describes the international restrictions as well as the EU and national regulations on this subject and gives some indications on how to plan control priorities and strategies. Read/download >>>
http://www.norden.org/pub/sk/showpub.asp?pubnr=2008:701


>>> Information reported by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on illegal trade in ozone-depleting substances (paragraph 7 of decision XIV/7) - UNEP/OzL.Pro.20/INF/3-(E)

>>> TEAP - Supplement to the May 2008 TEAP Replenishment Report - Final Version

>>> 20MOP/8COP: Annotated provisional agenda of the eighth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention and the Twentieth Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol - UNEP/OzL.Conv.8/1/Add.1 - UNEP/OzL.Pro.20/1/Add.1-
(A) (C) (E) (F) (R) (S)

>>> 8COP: Report of the seventh meeting of the Ozone Research Managers of the Parties to the Vienna Convention - UNEP/OzL.Conv.8/INF/1-(E)

>>> 8COP: Report by the Ozone Secretariat on the General Trust Fund for Financing Activities on Research and Systematic Observations relevant to the Vienna Convention and institutional arrangements in accordance with decision VI/2 of the Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention - UNEP/OzL.Conv.8/5-(A) (C) (E) (F) (R) (S)

>>>TEAP Final Report: Evaluations of 2008 Critical Use Nominations for Methyl Bromide and Related Matters - October 2008
- Advance Copy Version 2


 

30 September 2008

TEAP Co-Chair Dr. Stephen O. Andersen
Congratulations to TEAP Co-Chair Dr. Stephen O. Andersen,who was awarded the prestigious 2008 Service to America Career Achievement Medal on September 16 for helping organize and strengthen the Montreal Protocol signed on that day 21 years earlier. The award recognizes Dr. Andersen's contributions from his first climate and ozone assessment in 1974 (impacts of super-sonic transport on agriculture) to his 2007 collaboration with scientists showing how the Montreal Protocol has and can protect Earth's climate. >>>
http://servicetoamericamedals.org/SAM/recipients/profiles/cam08_andersen.shtml

* *** *

In this issue:
1- Antarctic Ozone Hole Already Larger Than in 2007 - WMO
2- CLIMATE CHANGE: Chemical Lobby Weakening Ozone Treaty
3- Umbrellas Hawaii Announces an Arc of Sun Protection for Globally Endangered Skin
4- CFCs phased out ahead of schedule to save Ozone Layer in India
5- Illicit imports keep damaging ozone layer

GLOBAL
1- Antarctic Ozone Hole Already Larger Than in 2007 - WMO
Source: PlanetArk, Reuters News Service, 17 September 17, 2008,
http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/50255/story.htm

2- CLIMATE CHANGE: Chemical Lobby Weakening Ozone Treaty
Source: Climate Ark, 16 September 2008, By: Stephen Leahy, http://www.climateark.org/shared/reader/welcome.aspx?linkid=106713&keybold=ozone%20treaty%20chemical%20lobby

NORTH AMERICA
3- Umbrellas Hawaii Announces an Arc of Sun Protection for Globally Endangered Skin
For more sun protection information visit the following websites:
Cancer.org, CDC.gov, AAD.org, WHO.int, EPA.gov.
For more information on Umbrellas Hawaii visit www.umbrellashawaii.com

SOUTH ASIA
4- CFCs Phased Out Ahead of Schedule to Save Ozone Layer in India
Source: Press Information Bureau , Government of India, 16 September 2008,
http://pib.nic.in/release/release.asp?relid=42825


SOUTH EAST ASIA AND PACIFIC
5- Illicit Imports Keep Damaging Ozone Layer
Source: The Jakarta Post - PT Bina Media Tenggara, 17 September 2008
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2008/09/17/illicit-imports-keep-damaging-ozone-layer.html
=/=/=/=/=

>> FEATURED Reading >>
The World Meteorological Organisation, Antarctic Ozone Bulletin, No. 2/2008
Read/Download PDF >>>
http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/arep/documents/ant-bulletin-2-2008.pdf
Source: The World Meteorological Organisation, http://www.wmo.int/pages/index_en.html

- Issues for discussion by and information of the Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention at its eighth meeting and the Twentieth Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol (E) Advance Copy
- 8COP: Recommendations of the seventh meeting of the Ozone Research Managers of the Parties to the Vienna Convention - UNEP/OzL.Conv.8/6 (E) - Advance Copy
- Centrum - The Ozone Secretariat biannual e-newsletter
- Backgrounder: An overview of the Montreal Protocol's progress to-date
- 20MOP: Review of essential-use decisions -UNEP/OzL.Pro.20/8 (E) - Advance Copy


 

Celebrate the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer

Tuesday, 16 September 2008


On 19 December 1994, the U.N. General Assembly proclaimed 16 September the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, commemorating the date, in 1987, on which the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer was signed (resolution 49/114). States were invited to devote the Day to promote, at the national level, activities in accordance with the objectives of the Montreal Protocol and its amendments. The ozone layer filters sunlight and prevents the adverse effects of ultraviolet radiation reaching the Earth's surface, thereby preserving life on the planet >>> http://www.un.org/Overview/unconfs.html

* *** *

Message of the UN Secretary General on the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer - 16 September 2008
Market turmoil, economic downturns and talk of recession have historically spelt tough times for the environment.
At such moments, safeguarding the planet has often been seen as a luxury, and as a burden on economic recovery and development.
But the remarkable story of the ozone layer, whose preservation we celebrate today, shows such thinking for what it is: mere myth. Decisive multilateral action on environmental threats and challenges can bring wide-ranging health, social and economic benefits. The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, which underpins our efforts to combat depletion of the earth's fragile protective shield, also contributes to combating climate change, since many of the chemicals controlled under the treaty have also emerged as ones that contribute to global warming. By phasing out chlorofluorocarbons(CFCs)-once common in products such as refrigerators-and now deciding to accelerate a freeze and phase-out of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), the treaty has provided two benefits at once. I hope Governments will look at such results and feel empowered to act across a wide range of environmental challenges, and not only in prosperous times.
Such action should include exploring more fully the natural synergies that can occur among our various multilateral environmental agreements. Next year in Copenhagen, Governments will gather for a crucial meeting on the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.
Our goal must be a decisive new agreement that sets the world on track to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, and that provides the funding needed for vulnerable countries to adapt to the impact of climate change. Such an agreement would not only represent progress on one of the greatest challenges of our time, but is also likely to help tackle urban air pollution, deforestation, the loss of biodiversity and other dangers. After decades of chemical attack, it may take another 50 years or so for the ozone layer to recover fully. As the Montreal Protocol has taught us, when we degrade our environment too far, nursing it back to health tends to be a long journey, not a quick fix.
But the overarching lesson of the Protocol is that by acting on one challenge, we also act on many others. Continued progress, and the possibility of new breakthroughs from Copenhagen and other fora, would also make significant contributions to achieving the Millennium Development Goals.
On this International Day, let us pledge to seize more such multi-faceted opportunities, and do our utmost to create tomorrow's "green economy" today. Source: UNEP Ozone Secretariat,

[Arabic] [Chinese] [English] [French] [Russian] [
Spanish]

* *** *

Success in Limiting Ozone-Depleting Substances is also Helping to Mitigate Climate Change
...The Montreal Protocol has resulted in the phasing out of over 96 per cent of all ozone-depleting substances (ODSs). This quantitative success in the protection of the ozone layer has also achieved important climate benefits because many ozone depleting substances controlled under the Protocol are also potent greenhouse gases. It is estimated that, without the worldwide effort to protect the ozone layer, the greenhouse effect of global ODS emissions would have equalled carbon dioxide emissions, currently the greenhouse gas contributing most significantly to climate change.
In September 2007, the 20th anniversary of the Montreal Protocol, governments acknowledged the dual benefit to both ozone protection and climate change by agreeing to advance by up to 10 years the final phaseout date for hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), currently the most widely used ozone-depleting substance. They also agreed to provide sufficient and stable funding to developing countries to achieve the accelerated phase out....
Quote from the UN Millennium Development Goals Report 2008 , (see pages: 3, 4 and 37)


* *** *

"Montreal Protocol - Global Partnership for Global Benefits"

…The theme of this year's celebration is meant to celebrate the multifaceted approach pursued by the Parties in the implementation of the Protocol. In fact, to date, the Montreal Protocol has reduced ozone-depleting substances by over 95 percent, thereby protecting the ozone layer for this and future generations. The reductions achieved have also resulted in very large reductions of global warming gases, thereby contributing significantly to the protection of the global climate system.

The Secretariat is very appreciative of the great efforts done by the Parties to phase out ozone-depleting substances and their continued commitment to implement the Montreal Protocol, and we believe the encouraging results achieved by your Government, should also be shared with the public along with the essence of this year's theme...

Quote from the message to the Parties, by Marco Gonzalez, Executive Secretary, UNEP Ozone Secretariat, http://ozone.unep.org

* *** *


Learning by Playing - Innovative Education Tool for Secondary Schools Launched During Global Montreal Protocol Celebrations

"Montreal Protocol - Global Partnership for Global Benefits"

New York/Nairobi 16 September 2008 - Under the theme "Montreal Protocol - Global Partnership for Global Benefits - UNEP, UNESCO, UNICEF and WHO announce the launch of the new OzonAction Education Pack for Secondary Schools entitled "High Sky", during the celebration of the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer.

This guide, targeted of secondary school students (13-16 years old) includes a teacher's book, a student's book and a collection of Ozzy and Zoe Ozone multimedia materials.

This package contains an entire teaching and learning programme based on key knowledge, practical skills, and participation that enables teachers and students to learn about simple solutions to protect the ozone layer and safely enjoy the sun.

The Education Pack uses an innovative and interactive approach - "role playing" - to engage the students in the subject matter.

The reader assumes the role of a journalism student about to get a job in an important news agency and he/she is challenged to write an article to tell the world the current situation of the ozone layer and the linkage with climate change, including practical tips for children to help protect our planet.

The Montreal Protocol deadline for developing countries to complete the phase - out of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), carbon tetrachloride (CTC) and halons is by 1 January 2010.
However, there is still remaining work to be done with other chemicals such as hydrofluorocarbons (HCFCs) and methyl bromide. Scientists now expect the ozone layer to recover only by 2050 if all of the necessary measures under the Protocol are implemented as planned.

This Education Pack mobilizes children and teachers to do their part to help achieve these compliance targets, and informs them how to use safe sun practices.

The Pack was jointly produced by the DTIE OzonAction Branch of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO),the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organization (WHO) and was supported by the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol.

"Children are the most valuable resource of our planet. Kids and their parents are protected by the ozone layer, our Earth's protective shield, which is under continued threat" says Mr. Achim Steiner, UNEP's Executive Director.

"The complex problems of global environment cannot be solved only by developing technologies but by deploying them through a learning process. The Education Pack not only explains the problem, but encourages children to find practical solutions. Through this new initiative, UNEP is giving a very strong message to save the planet".

The OzonAction Education Pack is also linked to the UN Decade of Education for Sustainable Development, which is led by UNESCO.

UNEP, UNESCO, UNICEF and WHO are jointly promoting the OzonAction Education Pack to countries around the world and encouraging Environment, Education and Health Ministries, schools and teachers to adopt it as part of the secondary school curriculum.

Notes to editors:
The signing of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer on 16 September 1987 is now celebrated every year as the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer.
UNEP as an Implementing Agency of the Multilateral Fund of the Montreal Protocol through the OzonAction Branch of the Division of Technology, Industry and Economics, has a unique regionalized programme that delivers compliance assistance services to countries to assist them meet the international commitments under the Protocol. The compliance regime requires countries to: achieve and sustain compliance, promote a greater sense of country ownership and implement the agreed Executive Committee framework for strategic planning.
Ozzy Ozone is the UNEP's flagship campaign for children regarding stratosphere ozone protection initiated as part of our organization's mandate as an Implementing Agency of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.
The Ozzy Ozone character is a registered trademark of the Government of Barbados. UNEP would like to thank the Government of Barbados for its permission to use this character.
For more information, including resources and ideas for celebrating International Ozone Day, see: http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/ozoneday/2008.htm
For more information please contact:
Nick Nuttall, UNEP Spokesperson, Office of the Executive Director, on Tel: +254 20 762 3084; Mobile: 254 733 632 755 or when traveling +41 795 965 737; E-mail: nick.nuttall@unep.org
Or Anne-France White, Associate Information Officer, on Tel: +254 20 762 3088, Mobile: + 254 728600494; E-mail: anne-france.white@unep.org
Or Anne Fenner, Information Officer, UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch, 15 Rue, de Milan, 75441 Paris CEDEX 09, France, Tel.: +33 144 37 14 50 Fax: +33 144 37 14 74, E-mail: afenner@unep.fr, Web:
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction
, http://www.ozzyozone.org

* *** *


More than Twenty Years after the Signing of the Montreal Protocol, the OzoneLayer has Stabilized but Large Antarctic Ozone Hole Continues to Occur

The United Nations declared the 16th of September as the International Day for the Protection of the Ozone Layer to commemorate the 16th of September 1987, the date when the Montreal Protocol was signed. The Protocol controls the production and use of ozone depleting substances. It is an example of a successful cooperation between scientists and industry as well as between developed and developing countries and provides an excellent paradigm to the international community for cooperation on complex environmental issues of global importance.

The theme of the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer on 16 September
2008 is: "Montreal Protocol - Global partnership for global benefits"
1.

The Montreal protocol has been a major success for reducing the emissions and atmospheric abundances of most ozone depleting substances. Ground-based and space-based measurements show that the stratospheric loadings of chlorine and bromine, the harmful species harmful to the ozone layer, are in slow decline. Scientific estimates show that continued worldwide compliance with the Montreal Protocol will cause the ozone layer to recover during the 21st century.
Ozone abundances in the extra-polar regions, between 60°S and 60°N, have stabilized with
average annual values approximately 3% below pre-1980 levels in the Northern Hemisphere
and 6% in the Southern Hemisphere.

However, large Antarctic ozone holes continue to occur. In 2007, the area of the ozone hole reached 22 million km2 (the continent of Europe has a surface area of 10.2 million km2). In the beginning of September 2008, the ozone hole area reached 25 million km2. The variability of the ozone hole area in the recent years is due to the year-to-year variability of dynamical processes affecting the ozone layer. This variability is likely to delay the detection of the onset of ozone recovery over Antarctica. Antarctic ozone is expected to remain low through the next decade.

Arctic ozone depletion also remains large. In three of the last four Arctic winters, ozone
losses reached about 20%. Large ozone losses will likely continue to occur in cold Arctic
winters during the next two decades. However, Arctic ozone also exhibits very large year-to year variability, driven by meteorological conditions that will mask any signal of recovery.

In polar and sub-polar regions, high UV-B irradiances lasting for a few days have been
observed. In high southern latitudes, these high UV-B events are associated with polar ozone depletion. At some stations in unpolluted locations, long-term measurements indicate that UVB radiation levels have been decreasing over the last decade, in accordance with observed ozone increases. However, at some Northern Hemisphere stations UV-B irradiances are still increasing. This increase could be linked to long-term changes in atmospheric aerosol and cloud cover.

Recovery of the ozone layer is expected to occur around the middle of the 21st century as a
result of the decrease of ozone depleting substances. However, future increases in
greenhouse gases concentrations in the atmosphere will affect the ozone layer. In addition,
future ozone changes will also affect climate, particularly in the Southern hemisphere. Recent results have emphasized the importance of stratospheric ozone recovery for predicting Antarctic surface climate change.

The International Ozone Commission (IO3C) of IAMAS-IUGG urges all national and
international Agencies
, which support scientific research and monitoring of ozone and
related parameters to continue supporting these activities.

In particular, the list of planned satellite observing systems from 2008 onward shows that the world's capability for measuring profiles of ozone and trace gases that affect ozone will end at about 2015. These profiles characterize ozone and trace gas changes in the critical altitude regions near the boundary between the troposphere and stratosphere as well as the upper stratosphere. These measurements also overlap with those required for climate data records.The lack of such measurements will hinder the ability of the scientific community to assess the success of the Montreal Protocol with respect to the recovery of the ozone layer.

The International Ozone Commission recommends that new satellite observations of high
vertical resolution profiles be implemented in order to more accurately understand the
changes in O3 as ozone-destroying substances decline and climate change occurs. Critical
profile measurements include ozone, molecules related to ozone destruction such as
chlorofluorocarbons, and climate-related trace gases such as methane, nitrous oxide and
water vapour.

1 Please visit the web site of the Ozone Secretariat for the Vienna Convention at the following specific address where you will find suggestions for worldwide activities on the 2008 International Ozone Day. http://ozone.unep.org/Events/ozone_day_2008/index.shtml

This text has been reviewed by the IO3C members last on September 12th


For more information
: Dr. Sophie Godin-Beekmann, Secretary of the International Ozone Commission, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Service d'Aéronomie, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique 75252, Paris, Cedex 05, France, Tel.: +33 1 44 27 47 67, Fax: +33 1 44 27 49 67, mobile: +33 6 77 18 38 64, e-mail: sophie.godin@aero.jussieu.fr. IO3C:
http://ioc.atmos.uiuc.edu
-----
WMO Northern Hemisphere Ozone Mapping Center: http://lap.physics.auth.gr/ozonemaps
WMO Antarctic Ozone Bulletin:
http://www.wmo.ch/web/arep/ozone.html,
European Ozone Coordinating Unit:
http://www.ozone-sec.ch.cam.ac.uk/,
World Ozone and Ultraviolet Data Center: http://www.woudc.org
Ozone Hole Watch: http://ozonewatch.gsfc.nasa.gov/
----
Source: International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences (IAMAS)
International Ozone Commission (IO3C), Press Release,
Professor Christos Zerefos, President, zerefos@geol.uoa.gr
Dr. Sophie Godin- Beekmann, Secretary, sophie.godin@aero.jussieu.fr
Dr. Richard S. Stolarski, Vice President, Richard.S.Stolarski@nasa.gov

* *** *

Get inspired !
You are interested in celebrating the Ozone Day and want to learn how others are commemorating. See some suggestions and get inspired by visiting the special feature on UNEP DTIE OzonAction website >>
- 'International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer' provides countries with awareness raising ideas/suggestion and the products that they can use for their ozone day celebrations.
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/ozoneday/2008.htm

- 'Activities for International Ozone Day 2008' reports on the activities that countries organized during ozone day. http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/ozoneday/2008_events.htm


30 July 2008

 

In this issue:
1- Awards - Perkin Medal Goes To Ian Shankland
2- New Tracking Method Reveals Giant Volcanic Clouds' Paths
3- Over 2,800 Chillers Still use CFCs
4- 2010: Next Major Milestone in the HCFC Phase-Out
5- Bristol-Myers Squibb Upgrades Equipment for Clean Air Act Compliance
6- Summer Eye Care Needed
7- Praxair China Wins Contract for Reactor Cooling
8- Isover Insulate New Children's Hospital

GLOBAL

1- Awards - Perkin Medal Goes To Ian Shankland
Chemist receives award for alternatives to ozone-depleting fluorochemicals
Source: Chemical & Engineering News, July 23, 2008, By Marc S. Reisch,
http://pubs.acs.org/cen/news/86/i30/8630news3.html

2- New Tracking Method Reveals Giant Volcanic Clouds' Paths
Source:
Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres (JGR-D) paper 10.1029/2008JD009878, 2008; http://www.agu.org/journals/pip/jd/2008JD009878-pip.pdf This paper is "in press".

NORTH AMERICA

3- Over 2,800 Chillers Still use CFCs
Source:
Canadian Consulting Engineer, 7 July 2008,
http://www.ccemag.com/issues/ISArticle.asp?id=86121&issue=07072008

4- 2010: Next Major Milestone in the HCFC Phase-Out
Source:
ESCOINST, Press release, 8 July 2008, http://www.escoinst.com/NewsItem.cfm?ReleaseID=358

5- Bristol-Myers Squibb Upgrades Equipment for Clean Air Act Compliance
Related link http://www.usdoj.gov/enrd/Consent_Decrees/
Bristos-Meyers/r_Bristol-Meyers_Squibb_%20CDFinal.pdf

Source: ePT--the Electronic Newsletter of Pharmaceutical Technology, 17 July 2008, By: Erik Greb
http://pharmtech.findpharma.com/pharmtech/Manufacturing/
Bristol-Myers-Squibb-Upgrades-Equipment-for-Clean-/ArticleStandard
/Article/detail/530127?contextCategoryId=35097

6- Summer Eye Care Needed
So when you are enjoying some sun and fun this summer, remember to be smart about it.
More information on UV radiation at http://www.epa.gov/sunwise
Contact: Dr. James Cutler, drjcutler@comcast.net
Source: the Sun-Times News Group. July 16, 2008, http://www.suburbanchicagonews.com/heraldnews/lifestyles/
1056398,4_5_JO16_DOCTORCOL_S1.article#


SOUTH ASIA

7- Praxair China Wins Contract for Reactor Cooling

Source:
Quamnet, Quoting Xinhua PR Newswire, 08 July 2008,
http://www.quamnet.com/newscontent.action?articleId=886278


EUROPE

8- Isover Insulate New Children's Hospital

Source:
BuildersMerchantsJournal.net -
http://www.buildersmerchantsjournal.net/news/news.asp?id=5370&title
=Isover+insulate+new+children%27s+hospital

=/=/=/=/=

>> FEATURED >>

Event >> National HVACR Educators and Trainers Conference, Imperial Palace Hotel, Las Vegas, NV ,
March 8-10, 2009. http://www.hvacexcellence.org/educatorsandtrainersconference.htm

Website >> HCFC Help Centre provides links to information resources about the management and phase out of hydrochlorofluorocarbons. >> http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/topics/hcfc.asp#intro

 


15 July 2008

 

In this issue:
1- OEWG 28 Meeting Report (Advanced copy)
2- The Montreal Protocol in the Declaration of Leaders Meeting of Major Economies on Energy Security and Climate Change, Hokkaido Toyako Summit, 9 July 2008
3- Japan: Major Economies Promote Montreal Protocol, Fast Action on Climate
Thailand: Montreal Parties Heed Call, Make Further Climate Progress
4- Price Chopper Helps Environment with Revolutionary Refrigeration Technology
5- Ozone-Friendly Replacement Gases will be Disastrous for Global Warming, Warn Experts

GLOBAL

1- OEWG 28, Report
Open-ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer Twenty-eighth meeting, Bangkok, 7–11 July 2008I. Opening of the meeting
1. The twenty-eighth meeting of the Open-ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer was held at the United Nations Conference Centrein Bangkok, from 7 to 11 July 2008.
The meeting was co-chaired by Mr. Mikkel Aaman Sorensen (Denmark) and Ms. Judy Francis Beaumont (South Africa).
2. The meeting was opened at 10.05 a.m. on 7 July by Mr. Sorensen, who welcomed the meeting participants to Bangkok.
3. Opening statements were made by Mr. Rachada Singalavanija, on behalf of Mr. Suwit Khunkitti, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Industry of Thailand, and Mr. Marco González, Executive Secretary of the Ozone Secretariat.
4. Mr. Singalavanija welcomed the meeting participants on behalf of the Government and people of Thailand. Noting the success of the Montreal Protocol since its inception in 1987, he welcomed theoutstanding work of the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel. He introduced the tasks ahead, such as accelerating the phase-out of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), in particular within therefrigeration and air conditioning sectors. With regard to the latter, he called for technical and financial assistance to be made available to Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5. He also referred tothe funding required to enable those Parties to comply with their HCFC reduction schedules under the Protocol and noted that various funding scenarios for the replenishment of the Multilateral Fund for theImplementation of the Montreal Protocol had been prepared. In closing, he urged Parties to maintain the momentum for the successful implementation of the Protocol.
5. Mr. González welcomed the participants to the meeting. Recalling the historic decision adopted at the previous Meeting of the Parties with regard to the accelerated implementation of control measuresfor HCFCs, he noted that the adjustments to the Protocol adopted at that Meeting had entered into force and had become binding on all Parties on 14 May 2008. Among the challenges faced by Parties at their current meeting, he drew attention to the replenishment of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol for the period 2009–2011 and urged Parties to reach an agreement that would be of benefit to them and to the environment itself. Noting that proposals had been submitted with regard to the safe destruction of unwanted ozone-depleting substances, he expressed the hope that the consultant’s report on that subject would provide useful information to guide the discussions.
6. Enumerating the reports prepared by the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel, he predicted that they would give rise to vigorous debates and lead to recommendations that could besubmitted to the Meeting of the Parties in November 2008. He highlighted the key work of the Panel, which included its work on carbon tetrachloride, methyl bromide, critical uses and essential uses. Healso drew attention to the proposal regarding the supply of methyl bromide to satisfy the basic domestic needs of Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5.
7. With regard to the work of the Secretariat, he described the progress that had been made in conjunction with other forums, such as the World Meteorological Organization, the United NationsFramework Convention on Climate Change and the World Customs Organization, he informed the meeting of plans by the Secretariat to prepare a newsletter on interlinkages with other bodies. He also explained that the Secretariat had reorganized its working method to give it a more regional focus, leading to such benefits as reduced costs and enhanced support for Parties.
In conclusion, he announcedthat the Holy See and Iraq had become Parties to the ozone treaties during 2008, bringing the Protocol closer to becoming the first multilateral environmental agreement to achieve universal ratification.
Source: UNEP Ozone Secretariat, Ref. UNEP/OzL.Pro.WG.1/28/5, Advanced Copy (E)
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/6110-e-OEWG_28.pdf

2- The Montreal Protocol in the Declaration of Leaders Meeting of Major Economies on Energy Security and Climate Change, Hokkaido Toyako Summit, 9 July 2008
The meeting, held alongside the G8 Summit, was part of a process initiated by the US Government in 2007. In Japan, the leaders of the G8 countries plus leaders from Australia, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, the Republic of Korea, Mexico, South Africa and the EU agreed on a political declaration of major economies, which focused on climate change and energy issues... and declared: ...
3. Third, recognizing the need for urgent action and the Bali Action Plan's directive for enhanced implementation of the Convention between now and 2012, we commit to taking the actions in
paragraph 10 without delay. ...
10. To enable the full, effective, and sustained implementation of the Convention between now and 2012, we will: Continue to promote actions under the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer for the benefit of the global climate system; " ...Read the: Declaration of Leaders Meeting of Major Economies on Energy Security and Climate Change, Hokkaido Toyako Summit, 9 July 2008, Source: Japan Ministry of Foreign Affairs, G8 Summit Secretariat, 9 July 2008,

http://www.g8summit.go.jp/eng/doc/doc080709_10_en.html

3- Japan: Major Economies Promote Montreal Protocol, Fast Action on Climate Thailand: Montreal Parties Heed Call, Make Further Climate Progress, Bangkok, Thailand 11 July 2008This week leaders of the world’s 17 major economies pledged to “continue to promote actions under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer for the benefit of the global climate system.” The leaders recognized the “need for urgent action” and committed to act “without delay” to strengthen the Montreal Protocol for the benefit of the climate system.
The leaders’ pledge provided a powerful boost to the Montreal Protocol Parties’ meeting this week in Bangkok. Argentina, the Federated States of Micronesia, and Mauritius have proposed strengthening the Protocol to address the 7.4 billion tons of CO2-eq. that will be emitted by 2015 from discarded products and equipment if not properly recovered and destroyed. Destruction of these substances—including CFCs and HCFCs in developed countries, as well as additional CFCs in developing countries—would also significantly benefit the ozone layer, saving lives and reducing cancers and cataracts.
The major economies include Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the European Union, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the U.S. Collectively, they are responsible for 80% of global climate emissions. The leaders met at the Major Economies Meeting in Toyako, Hokkaido, Japan 9 July following the conclusion of the Group of 8 meeting.
Last year the G8 committed to “accelerating the phase-out of HCFCs in a way that supports energy efficiency and climate change objectives” under the Montreal Protocol. The Montreal Protocol Parties followed through on the G8 commitment, reaching consensus at the 20th anniversary meeting in September 2007 to speed the phase-out of HCFCs, providing up to 16 billion tons or more of CO2-eq. in climate mitigation by 2040, significantly more than the Kyoto Protocol seeks during its first commitment period.
Final negotiations on the Montreal Protocol banks proposals for this year will take place 16-20 November 2008, in Doha, Qatar. Informal discussions also were launched in Bangkok this week on the value of moving HFCs from the Kyoto Protocol to the Montreal Protocol or a stand-along protocol under the climate treaty, where they could be effectively phased-out in favor of more environmentally friendly substitutes.
Durwood Zaelke, President of IGSD, stated that “The world’s leaders recognize the need for urgent action on climate change, and understand that the Montreal Protocol can deliver immediate climate benefits—as it has been doing for the past 20 years.”
Antonio Oposa, negotiator from Micronesia, noted that “when early voluntary actions and national laws are included, the effort to eliminate ozone depleting substances has delayed climate change 35 to 41 years.”
“The Montreal Protocol has been the world’s life-preserver,” stated Sateeaved Seebaluck, chief negotiator for Mauritius, “keeping us from passing tipping points for abrupt and irreversible climate changes, including catastrophic sea-level rise—tipping points that may be as close as 10 years away.”
Contact: Alex Viets, Communications Officer, IGSD, aviets@igsd.org
Source: The Institute for Governance &. Sustainable Development (IGSD), http://igsd.org

NORTH AMERICA
4- Price Chopper Helps Environment with Revolutionary Refrigeration Technology
Information
on EPA’s GreenChill Advanced Refrigeration Partnership, at http://www.epa.gov/greenchill
Contact: Caroline Newton, 212-637-3666, newton.caroline@epa.gov
Source: US EPA, Press Release 10 July 2008
http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.nsf/0/b9bf8b0f81934f4d852574830
05cc04b?OpenDocument

EUROPE
5- Ozone-Friendly Replacement Gases will be Disastrous for Global Warming, Warn Experts
The recent decision to accelerate the phase-out of hydrochlorofluoro-carbons (HCFCs) – air conditioning and refrigeration gases will in fact, vastly undermine efforts to reduce global warming if proper precautions are not taken, the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) warned today.
As parties meet this week in Bangkok under the Montreal Protocol to discuss ways to reduce demand for HCFCs in developing countries, EIA has highlighted the urgent need to promote climate-friendly alternatives.
The problem is that the chemicals being marketed as the dominant replacements to ozone depleting HCFCs are HFCs (hydrofluorocarbons). These man-made gases may be benign to the ozone layer, but they are extremely potent greenhouse gases - often more so than the HCFCs they are set to replace.
Their use in both developed and developing countries is rising quickly and emissions from HFCs are expected to reach at least 1.2 billion metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent by 2015- that’s about 10% of total Kyoto Protocol savings between its 1990 baseline and 2012 reduction targets.
“Although the decision to speed up the phasing out of HCFCs was truly something to celebrate, it may leave the climate worse off unless warnings are heeded,” said EIA’s Global Environment Campaigner Fionnuala Walravens.
The decision to bring forward the phase out of HCFCs made by the Montreal Protocol last September, could reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) by up to 16 billion metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent by 2040, with the majority of savings achieved in developing countries.
“But these enormous climate benefits stand to be lost unless decisive action is taken to ensure that climate friendly alternatives to HCFCs are adopted,” added Walravens.
Many countries are finally beginning to recognise the need to limit the use of these greenhouse gases. Last year the European Commission issued a directive to prevent the use of high global warming potential (GWP) HFCs in car air-conditioning produced from 2011. HFCs are regulated by the Kyoto Protocol, but their use continues to grow.
“Although the Montreal Protocol’s official remit does not include climate savings, it is clear that this Protocol has been very effective at mitigating climate change and is able to do much more. It makes sense for these two landmark pieces of environmental law to support rather than undermine each other. Using the Montreal Protocol to benefit the climate is currently the most cost-effective tool in terms of refrigerant gases.”
There are alternatives to HFCs which do not contribute to global warming, so-called natural refrigerants like carbon dioxide (ironically), ammonia and hydrocarbons; unlike HFCs they are not man made and exist in nature.
EIA is calling for nations at the Montreal Protocol summit to commit extra funds to ensure the rapid uptake of climate friendly alternatives in developing countries.
The Montreal Protocol should ensure that it does not undermine the Kyoto Protocol by funding the uptake of global warming HFCs as replacements to ozone gases. If these global warming gases become established in developing countries, their emissions will increase just at a time when global efforts are being made to decrease greenhouse gases.
Notes: HFCs are used as refrigerants and foam blowing agents. Their most common use is in car air conditioning (half the market in 2002). But as ODS are phased out their use in other sectors is growing. In 2002 over a quarter of the market supplied the commercial sector- this is bad news for the climate as the HFCs commonly used in this sector can be up to twice as potent as the HCFCs they replace in terms of their global warming potential
The Montreal Protocol has not only promoted the recovering of the ozone layer but has accrued climate benefits of over 100 billion tonnes CO2-eq at a cost of just over $0.02 (USD) per tonne CO2-eq.1
EIA was presented with two awards by the Montreal Protocol last year for its undercover work exposing and closing down illicit international trade in CFCs.
[1] G.J.M. Velders et al. (2007) estimated climate savings of the Montreal Protocol to be, on average, 8 billion tonnes CO2-eq/ year between 1990-2010 with a reduction of 30% due to ozone depletion and HFC emissions. Total Multilateral Fund allocations and provisions in USD $ 2,201,590,523 (1991-2007) ref:
http://www.multilateralfund.org/files/52/5203.pdf`
Contact: Mike Durham, mikedurham@eia-international.org
Source: Environmental Investigation Agency (eia), Press Release, 3 July 2008, www.eia-international.or
---------------------
FEATURED >>

AUDIO >> Recycling To Reduce Pesticide Use
Methyl bromide might not be in strawberry fields forever if organic alternatives to the pesticide are successful. After years of searching for an alternative for the kill-everything soil fumigant methyl bromide, one company thinks it may have an answer: leftover mustard seeds from biofuel production. Amy Coombs reports. Listen to the programme:
RealAudio for this Story (Requires RealPlayer)
Download this Story (mp3 format)

Source: Living on Earth,
http://www.loe.org/shows/segments.htm?programID=08-P13-00028&segmentID=5

READING >>
- Documents related to the 28th Open-Ended Working Group Meeting of the Parties, 02 – 17 July 2008, Bangkok, Thailand. Source: UNEP Ozone Secretariat
- Second Chance - How the Montreal Protocol Can Take Further Steps to Protect the Environment, The Environmental Investigation Agency, by Fionnuala Walravens, July 2008.
- Natural Refrigerants – Sustainable Ozone- and Climate-Friendly Alternatives to HCFCs, GTZ Proklima, Eschborn, 2008
- Systèmes R-22 : à quels fluides frigorigènes les convertir ?
Le R_22, fluide frigorigène de type HCFC, sera interdit dans les installations neuves dès 2010. Dans l'existant, les fluides issus du recyclage ne combleront pas les besoins. Les remplacements possibles imposent une stratégie de choix. Lire l’article
Source : CHAUD - FROID – PLOMBERIE (CFP), N°714 - Juillet-Août 2008, http://www.e-delta-t.com


30 June 2008


In this issue:
1- 'Planetary Sunshade' Could Strip Ozone Layer by 76%
2- NEA Trains Banjul Refrigeration Technicians
3- Most Retailers Replacing R-22 Refrigerant: SN Survey
4- Zero CFC Emission by 2010
5- Zayed Award: Winners Announced (4th Cycle 2005-2007)
6- First Ozone Prosecution in New Zealand
7- DuPont Raises R22 Prices again
GLOBAL
1- 'Planetary Sunshade' Could Strip Ozone Layer by 76%
Source: NewScientist.com news service, 24 April 2008, Catherine Brahic,
http://environment.newscientist.com/channel/earth/climate-change/dn13773
-planetary-sunshade-could-strip-ozone-layer-by-76.html

AFRICA

2- NEA Trains Banjul Refrigeration Technicians

Source: The Point, Gambia News, 24 June 2008, By Yai Dibba
http://thepoint.gm/africa/gambia/article/2008/6/24/nea-trains-banjul-refrigeration-technicians


NORTH AMERICA
3- Most Retailers Replacing R-22 Refrigerant: SN Survey
Source: Supermarket News (SN), 9 June 2008, By Michael Garry,
http://supermarketnews.com/news/r22_refrigerant_0609/

SOUTH ASIA
4- Zero CFC emission by 2010 - Retrofitting workshop in Thimphu
Source: Kuensel Online, 19 June 2008, By Samten Yeshi
http://www.kuenselonline.com/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=10601

WEST ASIA

5- Zayed Award: Winners Announced (4th Cycle 2005-2007)

Learn more at: http://www.zayedprize.org.ae/zayedprize/index.aspx
Read more at: http://www.albawaba.com/en/main/229130/&searchWords=zayed%20prize

PACIFIC ISLAND COUNTRIES

6- First Ozone Prosecution in New Zealand
Source: The New Zealand Herald, 19 June 2008
http://www.nzherald.co.nz/section/1/story.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10517279
EUROPE

7- DuPont Raises R22 Prices again

Source: ACR-news.com, 11 June 2008,
http://www.acr-news.com/news/news.asp?id=898&title=DuPont+raises+R22+prices+again
=/=/=/=/=
>> FEATURED
EVENTS
> 40th Meeting of the Implementation Committee under the Non-compliance Procedure for the Montreal Protocol, Bangkok, Thailand, 2-4 July 2008
> 28th Meeting of the Open-ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer , Bangkok, Thailand, 7-11 July 2008
Source: UNEP, Ozone Secretariat,

http://ozone.unep.org/Events/meetings2008and2009.shtml

READING

>Issues for discussion by and information for the attention of the Open-ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol at its twenty-eighth meeting - Corrigendum (E)
>28th OEWG - Side Events
>Issues for discussion by and information for the attention of the Open-ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol at its twenty-eighth meeting A| C| E| F| R| S
>High Growth Reported for the World HVAC Equipment Market, a new market research report related to the Industrial equipment industry World HVAC Equipment Market
http://www.reportlinker.com/p090370/World-HVAC-Equipment-Market.html



15 June 2008

In this issue:
1- Computer Models Show Major Climate Shift as a Result of Closing Ozone Hole
2- U.S. EPA 2008 Stratospheric Ozone and Climate Protection Awards
3- Apparels with UV Protection for Kids
4- Bio-Based Aqueous Cleaner Removes Grime and Grease
5- Fiji Maintains Use of Quarantine Fumigant

GLOBAL
1- Computer Models Show Major Climate Shift as a Result of Closing Ozone Hole
Source: Eurekalert, 12 June 2008, http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/teia-cms061208.php
2- U.S. EPA 2008 Stratospheric Ozone and Climate Protection Awards.
Source: US EPA, 19 May 2008
http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.nsf/0/b71bc2554cadbe0585257
44b00692125?OpenDocument
NORTH AMERICA
3- Apparels with UV Protection for Kids
Source:
Sanblue Enterprises, By : Fibre2fashion.com, 13 June, 2008
http://www.fibre2fashion.com/industry-article/12/1136/apparels-with-uv-protection-for-kids1.asp
4- Bio-Based Aqueous Cleaner Removes Grime and Grease.
Source: ThomasNet, Industrial NewsRoom, 20 May 2008
http://news.thomasnet.com/fullstory/817020
PACIFIC ISLAND COUNTRIES
5- Fiji Maintains Use of Quarantine Fumigant
Source:
Fiji live, 11 June 2008, http://www.fijilive.com/news_new/index.php/news/show_news/5639
=/=/=/=/=
>> FEATURED
EVENTS
> 40th Meeting of the Implementation Committee under the Non-compliance Procedure for the Montreal Protocol, Bangkok, Thailand, 2-4 July 2008
> 28th Meeting of the Open-ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on
Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer , Bangkok, Thailand, 7-11 July 2008

Source:
UNEP, Ozone Secretariat, http://ozone.unep.org/Events/meetings2008and2009.shtml
READING
> Issues for discussion by and information for the attention of the Open-ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol at its twenty-eighth meeting (E)
Report of the 7th Meeting of the Ozone Research Managers (ORM) - Advance Copy
Source: UNEP, Ozone Secretariat, http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml

> “Ozzy Goes Island Hopping”
The fourth issue of the “Ozzy Ozone: Defender of our Planet”
comic book series, features ozone depletion and climate change with a special focus on Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs).
English (6072-e-ozzy-goes-islands-hopping.pdf)
French (6072-f-ozzy-goes-islands-hopping.pdf)
Spanish (6072-s-ozzy-goes-island-hopping.pdf)
 

30 May 2008


In this issue
:
1- HCFC Accelerated Phase-out Montreal Protocol Adjustment Entered into Force
2- Industry Cautions against Illegal Import of HCFCs
3- EU Criminal Law to Protect the Environment
4- Fridge Recycling: Business Magazine Uncovers Illegal Trade and Disposal of CFC Appliances

GLOBAL
1- HCFC Accelerated Phase-out Montreal Protocol Adjustment Entered into Force
The 2007 Montreal Adjustment on Production and Consumption of HCFCs, adopted at the 19th Meeting of the Parties in September 2007, has entered into force and became binding to all Parties on 14 May 2008.
The following links contains the official copies of the English and French versions of the depositary notification: http://untreaty.un.org/English/CNs/2007/1001_1100/1096E.pdf and http://untreaty.un.org/English/
CNs/2007/1001_1100/1096F.pdf
Attached to the notification, are copies of the adjustments to the Protocol in the six UN official languages as circulated to all Parties.
Source : UNEP Ozone Secretariat,
http://ozone.unep.org/Ratification_status/hcfc_adjuctments_entry_to_force_notice.shtml

NORTH AMERICA
2- Industry Cautions against Illegal Import of HCFCs
WASHINGTON, D.C. - The Alliance for Responsible Atmospheric Policy today cautioned industry and the public to be certain that their hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) refrigerant purchases are legal, and to refuse to buy illegally imported refrigerants. The warning came as reports are beginning to surface that illegal HCFC imports may be on the rise, in light of apparent demand for the product to service air conditioning equipment.
"Industry commends the US government for getting focused early on the illegal importation of HCFCs. They are ready to prosecute anyone bypassing the law or devising schemes to illegally import HCFCs," stated Dave Stirpe, Executive Director of the Alliance.
Purchasers of new HCFCs should verify that an importer is authorized to import HCFCs. Such importers would have been listed as having a baseline consumption allowance in the EPA HCFC Allocation Rule (January 21, 2003; 68 FR 2819), or involved in a subsequent legal trade of consumption allowances. An updated list of allowance holders can be found at: http://epa.gov/ozone/title6/allowance.html. The recipient of a trade can show a letter from EPA acknowledging the approval of the trade. Purchasers who question the legitimacy of an HCFC importer should request a copy of the EPA approval letter from the seller. Persons involved in the illegal trade of HCFCs are subject to both civil and criminal penalties. Fines of $32,5000 per kilogram can be imposed.
"Purchasers of the illegal refrigerant are at risk. The government may confiscate any illegally imported refrigerant, even if it has been passed down through the marketplace, and prosecute purchasers who knowingly buy illegal material," Stirpe said.
HCFCs are used in foam manufacture, new residential and commercial air conditioning and refrigeration, and to service existing equipment. An HCFC production phase-down has begun in the United States, and a complete phase-out of new production and imports will be complete by 2030 in developed countries, and by 2040 in developing countries. HCFCs are up to 98% less ozone-depleting than CFCs, but production and import of virgin and used compounds are strictly controlled by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulation.
While attention has been given to ozone-depleting CFC and HCFC refrigerant, businesses using HCFCs to manufacture foam insulation should be aware of potential schemes and new regulations that limit production and import of HCFCs to those with EPA granted rights.
Importers of used HCFCs must obtain prior written approval from EPA and the government representing the country of origin. The provisions for the "petition" approval are also listed in the EPA Rule.
Between 1995 and 2005, the US government found over 120 defendants guilty of illegally importing chlorofluorocarbon (CFC), refrigerants in violation of federal law. Prosecutions ranged from time in jail, stiff fines, and confiscation.
In order to report any violations regarding illegal imports, please call EPA: 800-296-1996; or Customs: 800-BE-ALERT.
The Alliance is an industry coalition that was organized in 1980 to address the issue of stratospheric ozone depletion. It is presently composed of manufacturers and businesses that rely on CFCs, HCFCs, and HFCs. Today, the Alliance is a leading industry voice that coordinates industry participation in the development of reasonable international and U.S. government policies regarding ozone protection and climate change.
Source: The Alliance for Responsible Atmospheric Policy, Information Release, 21 May 2008, http://www.arap.org/

EUROPE
3- EU Criminal Law to Protect the Environment
Contact: Federico DE GIROLAMO, lega-press@europarl.europa.eu
Richard FREEDMAN, press-EN@europarl.europa.eu
English | French
Source: The European Parliament Press Service, Environment - 21-05-2008,

4- Fridge Recycling: Business Magazine Uncovers Illegal Trade and Disposal of CFC Appliances
Contact: Christoph Becker, info@ral-online.org Secretary to the RAL Quality Assurance Association for the Demanufacture of Refrigeration Equipment
Source: RAL Quality Assurance Association for the Demanufacture of Refrigeration Equipment, Press Release, 28 May 2008,
http://www.ral-online.org

=/=/=/=/=
>> FEATURED >>
EVENT
> 40th Meeting of the Implementation Committee under the Non-compliance Procedure for the Montreal Protocol, Bangkok, Thailand, 2-4 July 2008
> 28th Meeting of the Open-ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer , Bangkok, Thailand, 7-11 July 2008
Source: UNEP, Ozone Secretariat, http://ozone.unep.org/Events/meetings2008and2009.shtml

READING

> "Ozzy Goes Island Hopping" The fourth issue of the "Ozzy Ozone: Defender of our Planet" comic book series, features ozone depletion and climate change with a special focus on Hydrochlorofluoro-carbons (HCFCs).
English | French | Spanish
> Report of the Executive Committee on case studies called for under decision XVII/17 on environmentally sound destruction of ozone-depleting substances (decision XVIII/9) - Final Study on the Collection and Treatment of Unwanted Ozone-Depleting Substances in Article 5 and Non-Article 5 Countries (Full Report)
Source: UNEP, Ozone Secretariat, http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml

15 May 2008

In this issue:
1- The 2008 Time 100 / Scientists and thinkers: Susan Solomon by Rajendra Pachauri
2- Rough Transition to a New Asthma Inhaler
3- Pakistan making efforts for Ozone Layer protection
4- Israel Hosted Meeting of Methyl Bromide Technical Options Committee in April 2008
5- Holy See's Commitment to Protecting Ozone Layer

GLOBAL
1- The 2008 Time 100 / Scientists and thinkers: Susan Solomon By Rajendra Pachauri
Source:
Time, 28 April 2008, By Rajendra Pachauri, chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, http://www.time.com/time/specials/2007/article/0,28804,1733748_1733754_1735701,00.html
Related link:
http://www.time.com/time/specials/2007/0,28757,1733748,00.html

NORTH AMERICA
2- Rough Transition to a New Asthma Inhaler
Source:
The New York Times, 13 May 2008, By LAURIE TARKAN
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/13/health/13asth.html?em&ex=1210824000&en=d167bd00eb11cf87&ei=5087%0A

SOUTH ASIA
3- Pakistan Making Efforts for Ozone Layer Protection
Source:
Pakistan Daily, 9 May 2008,
http://www.daily.pk/national/punjab/87-punjab/3448-pakistan-making-efforts-for-ozone-layer-protection-.html

WEST ASIA
4- Israel Hosted Meeting of Methyl Bromide Technical Options Committee in April 2008

Source: Ministry of Environmental Protection, Israel, 12 May 2008,
http://www.environment.gov.il/bin/en.jsp?enPage=e_BlankPage&en
Display=view&enDispWhat=Object&enDispWho=News^l4077&enZone=e_news

Related Links: Allocation and Supervision Mechanism for Methyl Bromide
http://www.sviva.gov.il/Enviroment/bin/en.jsp?enPage=e_BlankPage&enDisplay=view&en
DispWhat=Object&enDispWho=Articals^l5173&enZone=pesticide_ban

EUROPE
5- Holy See's Commitment to Protecting Ozone Layer

Source: Zenit org., The Vatican City, 6 May 2008, http://www.zenit.org/article-22510?l=english

=/=/=/=/=

>> FEATURED >>

EVENT
> Seventh Meeting of the Ozone Research Managers of the Parties to the Parties to the
Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer (7ORM)
, Geneva, Switzerland, 19-21 May 2008
Source: UNEP Ozone Secretariat, http://ozone.unep.org/highlights.shtml

READING
> May 2008 Report of the TEAP - Assessment of the Funding Requirement for the Replenishment of the
Multilateral Fund for the Period 2009-2011 -Volume 2 - Advance Copy

> OEWG: Issues for discussion by and information for the attention of the Open ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol at its twenty-eighth meeting -Note by the Secretariat - Advance Copy (E)


30 April 2008
In this issue:
1- Multilateral Fund Takes Action to Help Countries Accelerate their Phase-out of HCFCs
2- Ozone Hole Recovery May Reshape Southern Hemisphere Climate Change
3- Dangerous Ozone Depletion and UV Levels Increasing
4- CFC Smuggling Key Challenge in Asia, Study Says
5- Qatar Cool to Sponsor Green Conference

GLOBAL
1- Multilateral Fund Takes Action to Help Countries Accelerate their Phase-out of HCFCs
54th Meeting of the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund, Montreal, Canada, 7-11 April 2008

The Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund agreed at its 54th Meeting to immediately begin the preparation of plans that will assist developing countries eliminate their production and consumption of HCFCs. This decision was taken less than seven months after the historic agreement in September 2007 to accelerate the phase-out of HCFCs, chemicals that not only damage the ozone layer but also contribute to global warming. The production and use of HCFCs in developing countries, particularly in air conditioning, the refrigeration sector and foam industries, have grown significantly over the past five years, and without early action this growth is expected to continue. The September 2007 adjustments to the Montreal Protocol oblige countries to take action as soon as possible to freeze their HCFC production and consumption levels in 2013 and reduce by 10 percent their production and consumption of HCFCs by 2015.
The Executive Committee approved guidelines that will assist each country to prepare an HCFC phase-out management plan (HPMP) mapping out a detailed plan of action to eliminate their use of HCFCs. The guidelines not only take account of the ozone depleting potential of HCFCs but also the global warming implications of alternative substances and technologies. Seed funding of about US $1 million for the preparation of HPMPs was approved to enable the Multilateral Fund’s implementing agencies to start work immediately. In addition, the Executive Committee requested that data on each country’s HCFC prices be included in their annual reports to the Executive Committee so that it can be incorporated into the Committee’s planning process. In future the Executive Committee will take account of all ozone depleting substances to be addressed in its three-year phase-out plan.
At present the most important deadline for the developing countries is the phase-out of CFCs by 2010. While most countries are well-positioned to achieve this target the Executive Committee continues to pay attention to the refrigeration servicing sector in smaller countries. At its 54th Meeting, the Executive Committee also approved new plans to phase-out CFCs in nine countries and funding tranches for CFC phase-out in another nine countries.
Background information
The ozone layer which absorbs ultraviolet radiation harmful to living organisms and human health, is in danger from several chemicals currently used in industry and agriculture such as hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), halons, carbon tetrachloride, methyl chloroform and methyl bromide.
The Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol began its operation in 1991. The main objective of the Multilateral Fund is to assist developing country parties to the Montreal Protocol whose annual per capita consumption and production of ozone-depleting substances is less than 0.3 kg to comply with the control measures of the Protocol. These countries are referred to as Article 5 countries.
The Fund is managed by an Executive Committee being chaired in 2008 by Mr. Albert Rombonot of Gabon. The Committee is assisted by the Fund Secretariat which is based in Montreal. Activities are implemented by four international agencies (UNDP, UNEP, UNIDO, World Bank) and a number of bilateral implementing agencies of donor countries. Responsibility for overseeing the operation of the Fund rests with the Executive Committee comprising seven members each from Article 5 countries (China, Dominican Republic, Gabon, India, Lebanon, Sudan and Uruguay in 2008) and non-Article 5 countries (Australia, Belgium, Germany, Japan, Romania, Sweden and the United States of America in 2008). Since 1991, the Multilateral Fund has approved activities including industrial conversion, technical assistance, training and capacity building worth over US $2 billion.
Contact: Julia Anne Dearing, Information Management Officer, secretariat@unmfs.org
Source: Secretariat of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol
http://www.multilateralfund.org

2- Ozone Hole Recovery May Reshape Southern Hemisphere Climate Change
A full recovery of the stratospheric ozone hole could modify climate change in the Southern Hemisphere and even amplify Antarctic warming, according to scientists from the University of Colorado at Boulder, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and NASA.
Source: University of Colorado at Boulder, News Center, April 24, 2008 http://www.colorado.edu/news/r/203359a9370cd63b7591db525a1a656a.html

NORTH AMERICA
3- Dangerous Ozone Depletion and UV Levels Increasing

SOUTH ASIA
4- CFC Smuggling Key Challenge in Asia, Study Says

WEST ASIA
=/=/=/=/=

>> FEATURED

EVENTS
> WMO/UNEP Ozone Research Managers of the Parties to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer -
Draft provisional agenda (E)

> International Workshop on Promotion Methyl Bromide Alternatives to Comply with its Phase Out,
December 3-16, 2008, Israel
This international workshop aims to assist professionals from the developing world to prepare their country's systems for the replacement and phase-out of the ozone depleting fumigant methyl bromide in accordance with the requirements of the Montreal Protocol. The workshop addresses both technical and managerial aspects of the replacement process. The workshop deals with both methyl bromide consuming sectors, namely the pre-plant or soil and the post harvest sectors.
Contact: R. Ausher, rausher@013.net

WEBSITES >> The Cooling Industry Awards 2008
The awards provide a national focus to recognise, reward and celebrate the achievements of those pushing the boundaries of environmentally focused refrigeration and air conditioning. And it's your chance to show the industry what you've achieved in the last year. Learn more >> http://www.coolingindustryawards.com/home.asp


15 April 2008
In this issue:
1- Cooling: Rethinking Refrigerants
2- California Almonds: Fumigation Rules Affect New Plantings
3- Life Mist Technologies, Inc. Announces License Agreement with Pacific Scientific HTL/Kin-Tech Division to Develop a "Green" Aircraft Fire Suppression System
4- Wind-Powered Air Conditioning
5- The European Union Leads the Worldwide Phase-out of Methyl Bromide
6- Airbus Won Two Crystal Cabin Awards at this Year's Aircraft Interiors Expo in Hamburg, Germany, for Two Cabin System Innovations it has Developed


GLOBAL
1- Cooling: Rethinking Refrigerants
Global warming concerns creating divergent paths.

Source: Appliances Desiogn,
http://www.appliancedesign.com/CDA/Articles/Cover_Story/BNP_GUID_
9-5-2006_A_10000000000000297127

Related link
" Refrigerants, Naturally " partnership at: http://www.refrigerantsnaturally.com

NORTH AMERICA
2- California Almonds: Fumigation Rules Affect New Plantings
Source:
Western Farm Press, Apr 1, 2008 10:28 AM, By Marni Katz, Contributing Writer,
http://westernfarmpress.com/tree-nut-crops/fumigation-rules-0401/
3- Life Mist Technologies, Inc. Announces License Agreement with Pacific Scientific HTL/Kin-Tech Division to Develop a "Green" Aircraft Fire Suppression System
Source:
BUSINESS WIRE - 14 April 2008, http://www.businesswire.com/portal/site/google/?ndmViewId=news_view&
newsId=20080414005852&newsLang=en


SOUTH ASIA
4- Wind-Powered Air Conditioning
Source:
InventorSpot.com, 13 February 2008, Lisa Zyga Science Blogger http://inventorspot.com/articles/windpowered_air_conditioning_10669
See also: Int. J. Sustainable Design, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2008, http://www.inderscience.com
/storage/f119123741610528.pdf

EUROPE
5- The European Union Leads the Worldwide Phase-out of Methyl Bromide
The Member States of the European Union will no longer be using methyl bromide for critical uses as of January 2009. This highly toxic pesticide which damages the ozone layer in the upper atmosphere was due to be phased-out in all industrialised countries by 1 January 2005, but some 'critical use' exemptions were allowed under the Montreal Protocol in cases where no feasible alternatives were available for soil and post-harvest treatment.
The last remaining critical uses for methyl bromide within the EU were mostly for treating soils on strawberry and tomato plantations and after harvest to kill pests in storage mills. When the phase out on methyl bromide came into force in 2005, exemptions had been granted for about 90 different crops in 10 EU Member States. Today growers in the European Union have adopted alternatives that successfully keep the pests at bay.
The European Union and its Member States are the first major industrialised Party to the Montreal Protocol to successfully reduce their consumption for critical uses of methyl bromide down to zero. From a total of nearly 20,000 tonnes used in the European Union in 1991, this number has just reached some 200 tonnes in 2008 - with uses only in Spain and Poland - and down to nil in 2009.
Today, the United States (5 million tonnes), Israel (850,000 tonnes) and Japan (500,000) are the biggest users of methyl bromide.
The recovery of the ozone layer heavily depends on signatory countries complying with agreed commitments. Until recently, it was deemed nearly impossible to eliminate certain critical uses of methyl bromide because alternatives were felt to be lacking. The rapid phase-out of the use of this pesticide in the European Union demonstrates that substitutes do exist for the ozone-damaging substance and that progress can be achieved when the will is there to address environmental problems in a constructive and innovative way.
Contact: Laure Ledoux, European Commission, Laure.Ledoux@ec.europa.eu
For more information: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/ozone/fumigation.htm
Source: European Commission, ENV. C.4 - Ozone Layer Protection

6- Airbus Won two Crystal Cabin Awards at this Year's Aircraft Interiors Expo in Hamburg, Germany, for Two Cabin System Innovations it has Develope
Contact:
Airbus Press Department, France, media@airbus.com
Source: Airbus Press Release, 2 April 2008, http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items
/08_04_02_aircraft_interior_expo_award.html
=/=/=/=/=

>> FEATURED
READING >> 19th MOP HCFC Adjustments to Enter into Force May 2008
the adjustments to the Montreal Protocol adopted at the 19TH Meeting of the Parties, Montreal, Canada, 17 -21 September 2007, will enter into force and become binding to all Parties on 14 May 2008,…
English: http://untreaty.un.org/English/CNs/2007/1001_1100/1096E.pdf
French: http://untreaty.un.org/English/CNs/2007/1001_1100/1096F.pdf
Attached to the notification, are copies of the adjustments to the Protocol in the six UN official languages as circulated to all Parties by the depositary.
EVENTS >> B4E, the Global Business Summit for the Environment, is the leading international conference focusing on business and the environment. B4E 2008 will highlight the most urgent environmental challenges facing the world today and discuss business-driven solutions for mitigating and adapting to climate change. Important topics addressed will include resource efficiencies, renewable energies, new business models and climate strategies. Delegates will learn best practices for identifying and managing the risks posed by climate change and uncover opportunities for developing competitive advantages.
CEOs and senior executives from leading global companies will join leaders from government, international agencies, NGOs, and other organizations to discuss the issues, forge partnerships and explore solutions for a greener future.
Learn more >> http://www.b4esummit.com/
WEBSITES >> Commission for Environmental Cooperation ... An online training developed by the Secretariat of the Commission for Environmental Cooperation, established under the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) to address environmental issues in North America from a continental perspective, with a particular focus on those arising in the context of liberalized trade… This course will be particularly useful for Customs officers and border inspectors involved in enforcing ODS Regulations… http://www.enselearning.com/cec/main/cec_ods_intro_e.asp
>> The Climate Neutral Network. The Climate Neutral Network could have been called the Carbon Neutral Network. However the long-term aim is to address all greenhouse gases, including all six under the Kyoto Protocol, and others covered by treaties such as the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer. The CN Net initiative is supported by UNEP, which itself is becoming climate neutral in 2008. UNEP will call on the expertise of the network and UN's Environmental Management Group to set some basic benchmarks and foundations upon which the initiative can evolve over the coming months and years. Learn more >> http://www.climateneutral.unep.org/cnn_frontpage.aspx?m=52

 


31 March 2008

In this issue:
1- Stratospheric Ozone Affects Atmospheric Air Flows
2- Environment Crime Now High on the World Agenda
3- EPA Reaches Agreement with Kerry on Clean-Air Violations
4- Phasing Out Fluorocarbons
5- Guyana Accedes to UN Convention Against Corruption
6- Beating the Clock: Asia Pacific Make Strides in Early Phase Out of Ozone-Depleting Chemicals
7- Switching to Ozone-Friendly Inhalers: Industry and Governments Join Hands to Ensure Smooth Transition for Asthma and Chronic Respiratory Disease Patients


GLOBAL
1- Stratospheric Ozone Affects Atmospheric Air Flows
Contact: Susanne Diederich, Alfred Wegner Institute for Polar and Marine Research Susanne.Diederich@awi.de
Source: NASA Earth Observatory Media Alert, 7 March 2008, http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Newsroom/MediaAlerts/2008/2008030726225.html
Link to further information Geophysical Research Letters article abstract, 8 March 2008

2- Environment Crime Now High on the World Agenda
The illegal international trade in environmentally sensitive items such as ozone depleting substances, toxic chemicals, hazardous waste, and endangered species is a serious problem with global impact. This scourge which affects all countries threatens human health, deteriorates the environment, and results in revenue loss for governments in some cases. In fact the illegal trade in wildlife can be as profitable as dealing in narcotics. Shawls made from the wool of Tibetan antelope, the sale of which is completely illegal, are sold for up to 20,000 Euros each, while caviar from endangered sturgeon approaches 8,000 Euros per kilo on the retail market. Added to this is the alarming rise in virulent wildlife diseases, such as SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) and avian influenza that cross species lines to infect humans and endanger public health.
Ozone depleting substances (ODS) such as those used in refrigeration and air conditioning systems not only destroy the earth's protective shield (the stratospheric ozone layer), but if released into the atmosphere also contribute to climate change since they are also powerful greenhouse gases. Illegal trade in ODS has become a global phenomenon. Toxic waste too causes long-term poisoning of soil and water, affecting people's health and living conditions, sometimes irreversibly. Unscrupulous waste trade has become a serious concern since the 1980s and has now become a criminal offence under the Basel Convention on the "Control of Trans-boundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal". The waste may pass through several countries before reaching its final destination, making it more difficult to pinpoint responsibilities.
UNEP estimated that some 20 to 50 million tons of e-waste is generated worldwide annually, and this is steadily growing each year. 70% of this waste is dumped in developing countries in Asia and Africa. Violations of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) also continue to worry environmentalists as more and more fauna and flora face pressures that could lead to their extinction; a real loss to mankind's animal and floral kingdoms.
Customs administrations have in the last few years reported more than 9800 CITES and 220 hazardous waste seizures but this is only the tip of the iceberg. In addition, increasing evidence has shown that organized crime groups are involved in this dirty business. The international community is now mobilized more than ever to fight against this unscrupulous trade.
During a high level meeting at WCO headquarters recently on enforcement issues, delegates representing the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Customs administrations, other international organizations, and stakeholders who have an interest in the environment called for an urgent and concerted global response to tackle ever increasing environment crime. Participants agreed on an Action Plan to fight against environment crime.
The Plan foresees the promotion of environment crime as one of the priorities for Customs administrations, the training of Customs officers to improve their detection techniques given their frontline position at borders, the creation of specialized units at Customs offices to deal with this form of crime, and enhancing internatinal co-operation and information exchange. In this regard, the WCO will use its global communication tool, the Customs Enforcement Network (CEN), for realtime information exchange. The CEN will enable Customs officers worldwide to be alerted quickly and facilitate their immediate response to any illegal trafficking of environmentally sensitive goods.
To ensure effective international co-operation against environment crime, the WCO and UNEP signed a Memorandum of Understanding in 2003 and are also partners in the Green Customs Initiative www.greencustoms.org/ dedicated to training and building the capacity of Customs officials across the globe. Both Organizations are committed to strengthening and enhancing their partnership which is aimed at protecting the environment through more effective enforcement of environment crime.

More information: WCO Communications Service
communication@wcoomd.org
Green Customs Secretariat ezra.clark@unep.fr
Source: The World Customs Organisation, 27 March 2008,
http://www.wcoomd.org/press/?v=1&lid=1&cid=5&id=152


NORTH AMERICA
3- EPA Reaches Agreement with Kerry on Clean-Air Violations

CHICAGO, March 18 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 5 has reached an agreement with Kerry Inc. on alleged violations of EPA regulations to protect stratospheric ozone at the company's bread crumb manufacturing plant at 100 E. Washington St., Millstadt, Ill.
The agreement, which includes a $169,822 penalty and an $811,097 environmental project, resolves EPA allegations that Kerry failed to repair refrigeration equipment that leaked excessive amounts of ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons, or CFCs. In addition, EPA said the company violated testing, notification, retrofitting, replacement and retirement planning requirements for the equipment.
For its environmental project Kerry will replace ozone depleting refrigerant used in refrigeration equipment at its Jackson and Sturtevant, Wis., plants with non-ozone depleting refrigerant.
When CFC refrigerants deplete the stratospheric ozone layer, dangerous amounts of cancer-causing ultraviolet rays from the sun strike the earth. Production of some of these chemicals was stopped in 1995, and federal law strictly controls their use and handling.
Information on EPA Region 5's air enforcement program is at
http://www.epa.gov/region5/air/enforce/index.html
. Potential environmental violations may be reported at http://www.epa.gov/compliance/complaints
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 5, 18 March 2008
http://www.earthtimes.org/articles/show/epa-reaches-agreement-
with-kerry-on-clean-air-violations,319031.shtml

4- Phasing Out Fluorocarbons
Source:
FacilityBlog, Todays Facility Manager, 27 March 2008,
http://www.todaysfacilitymanager.com/facilityblog/2008/03/phasing-out-fluorocarbons.html

LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN
5- Guyana Accedes to UN Convention Against Corruption
Source:
Stabroek News,
http://www.stabroeknews.com/index.pl/article_general_news?id=56541470

SOUTH ASIA
6- Beating the Clock: Asia Pacific Make Strides in Early Phase Out of Ozone-Depleting Chemicals

Langkawi/ Bangkok, 19 March 2008 - Asia Pacific countries are pacing ahead in meeting their commitments to end production and consumption of chemicals that harm the Earth's protective ozone layer, years ahead of internationally agreed deadlines.
"Their actions prove that when there is political will and the right enabling conditions, the countries in this region can meet and even exceed their treaty commitments, which provides inspiration for the implementation of other environmental agreements," said Rajendra Shende, Chief, OzonAction Branch, UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics, during the Meeting of National Ozone Units of 22 countries in South Asia and South East Asia and the Pacific Network in Langkawi, Malaysia, which concluded today. East Timor, one of the last four countries which have not ratified the Protocol, participated for the first time.
Under the Montreal Protocol for Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, Asia Pacific countries agreed to phase out ozone-depleting chemicals like chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), halons, carbon tetrachloride (CTC) by 2010, and methyl chloroform and methyl bromide by 2015. Financial assistance was provided by the Multilateral Fund to cost-effectively phase out these ozone depleting chemicals. National Ozone Officers gathered at the meeting to discuss current issues, future strategies, action plans and reviewed where countries in the region stand in meeting the treaty obligations
At least five countries - Sri Lanka, Maldives China, Indonesia, and Fiji - have phased out CFCs, nearly two years ahead of the 2010 deadline. Sri Lanka and Maldives recently joined ranks with China, Indonesia, and Fiji in announcing early phase out of CFCs in their countries. Last year, China shut down five of its six remaining CFC plants, while Indonesia imposed a ban on the import of CFCs into the country in January 2008. Fiji phased out its use of CFC as early as 2000. In addition, 14 countries in the region have phased out CTCs and 13 countries have phased out halons ahead of the 2010 schedule.
"I am confident that the early phase-out of these countries will serve as an example for other developing countries in the region and will motivate them to strengthen their regulations and control of the use of ODS to reach the phase-out deadlines proscribed by the treaty," said Mr. Mokhtarud-din-Bin-Husain, Senior Principal, Assistant Director of the Ministry of Agriculture of Malaysia. The meeting was hosted by the Department of Environment, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Malaysia.
Completing the phase out of CFCs in developing countries is by far the most important next step in protecting the ozone layer. Other challenges highlighted were the need for countries to speed up in meeting their obligations, dealing with methyl bromide exempted under the Montreal Protocol, stocks of ozone depleting chemicals in existing equipment (called "banks" of these chemicals), a growing black market for illegal CFCs and the freeze on production of Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) in 2013 and phaseout in 2030. While HCFCs are ozone-depleting chemicals, their high global warming potential means that their freeze and elimination under the Montreal Protocol will also garner significant benefits in climate change protection
The most significant and inspiring achievement comes from the Beijing Olympic Games to be held later in 2008. All the venues of Olympic games and events will not use CFCs and HCFCs, making it first " ozone friendly " Olympics of the modern times .
Asian countries are also moving ahead in early phase out of other ozone depletion substances like methyl chloroform and methyl bromide, due for phase out in 2015. Afghanistan, Bhutan, Brunei, DPR Korea, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Viet Nam have already ceased production and consumption of methyl chloroform, while Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, DPR Korea, India, Lao PDR, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan and the Republic of Korea have phased out methyl bromide, used for soil and post-harvest fumigation.
Contact: Ms. Satwant Kaur, UNEP Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, kaur@un.org
Source: UNEP ROAP,
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/6068-e-clockROAP-PR08.pdf

7- Switching to Ozone-Friendly Inhalers: Industry and Governments Join Hands to Ensure Smooth Transition for Asthma and Chronic Respiratory Disease Patients
Langkawi/Bangkok, 15 March 2008 - Industry and government today penned their commitment to work together towards a smooth transition to ozone-friendly metred-dose inhalers under the Langkawi Declaration on Public-Private Partnership on Phasing Out CFC Metred Dose Inhaler, agreed today at ameetingthat brought togetherhealth and environment officials, industry representatives and patient groups.
Metred-dose inhalers, commonly used as treatment for millions of asthma and chronic respiratory patients in the region, contain chlorofluorocarbon (CFC). Under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, developing countries will have to cease production and consumption of CFCs and other ozone depleting chemicals by 2010. Asia Pacific accounts for 60 per cent of CFC use in MDI production.
"The Langkawi Declaration recognizes that there is very little time. and will go a long way in ensuring that the phaseout occurs sooner rather than later. In less than 22 months, there will no longer be any CFC-based inhalers, and we have to prepare health officials, doctors and nurses as well as patients for this inevitable change. Our aim is to ensure that this adjustment is done with the least discomfort and inconvenience, particularly for the patients," said Atul Bagai, Regional Officer (Networking), Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP), Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (ROAP).
Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) are two very common respiratory diseases that affect an estimated 300 million worldwide. More than a quarter of adults in the developing countries suffer from COPD. The prevalence of asthma has also steadily increased from nearly 1 per cent in Indonesia to over 30 per cent in the United Kingdom, New Zealand, and Australia.
"A number of MDI industries are already working towards converting their facilities to produce CFC-free alternatives. However, the introduction of these alternatives alone does not lead to a successful transition. There are still major concerns like preference of patients, the price, the availability of alternatives and how doctors prescribe medications. It is important that each country develops a strategy to address each of this issue," said Bagai.
More than 80 participants from 24 countries, health, industry and patient groups participated in the Regional Workshop on Phasing-out CFC-based Metered Dose Inhaler (MDI) for South Asia. The workshop was organized by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to assist countries in Asia Pacific to develop their MDI transition strategy. The workshop was followed by the Joint Meeting of SEAP and SA Networks of Ozone Depleting Substances Officers with the theme "Roadmap to 2010", 17-19 March 2008, Langkawi, Malaysia.
Contact: Ms. Satwant Kaur, UNEP Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, kaur@un.org
Source: UNEP ROAP,
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmcfiles/6069-e-InhalersROAP-PR08.pdf

=/=/=/=/=

>> FEATURED

READING >> "On the Trail of the Missing Ozone", Produced by US EPA's Region 9 Office in San Francisco, California, this book provides an introduction into why we need the ozone layer, the causes of ozone depletion, and some of the actions the world is taking to correct the problem…enjoy joining the intrepid reporter Farley on the trail of the missing ozone!
http://www.epa.gov/ozone/science/missoz/index.html

UPCOMING EVENTS >>
- Seventh Meeting of the Ozone Research Managers of the Parties to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer (7ORM)
, 19-21 May 2008, Geneva
-
TEAP/Medical Technical Options Committee, 1-4 April 2008,Tokushima, Japan
-
TEAP/Methyl Bromide Technical Options Committee, 14-18 April 2008, Israel
Source: UNEP Ozone Secretariat, http://ozone.unep.org/Events/meetings2008and2009.shtml

WEBSITE >> TheClimate Neutral Network. The Climate Neutral Network could have been called the Carbon Neutral Network. However the long-term aim is to address all greenhouse gases, including all six under the Kyoto Protocol, and others covered by treaties such as the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer. The CN Net initiative is supported by UNEP, which itself is becoming climate neutral in 2008. UNEP will call on the expertise of the network and UN's Environmental Management Group to set some basic benchmarks and foundations upon which the initiative can evolve over the coming months and years.
http://www.climateneutral.unep.org/cnn_frontpage.aspx?m=52


15 March 2008
 
In this issue:
1- Scientist Hits Both Poles to Measure Ozone Depletion
2- UN Boost for Special Ozone Project
3- Brunei: Adopting Good Practices in the Refrigeration Sector
4- India to Launch a Weather Satellite Soon
5- IEmployees Sent to Protected Area after Ramat Hovav Leak

GLOBAL
1- Scientist Hits Both Poles to Measure Ozone Depletion
Source:
Canwest News Service, By: Margaret Munro, 10 March 2008
http://www.canada.com/topics/technology/science/story.html?id
=4defb7a8-92ce-420b-b12b-0414a53255d6&k=68313


AFRICA

2- UN Boost for Special Ozone Project

Source:
Financial Gazette, Distributed by AllAfrica Global Media, 13 March 2008, By Kumbirai Mafunda, http://allafrica.com/stories/200803130654.html

SOUTH ASIA

3- Brunei: Adopting Good Practices in the Refrigeration Sector

Source: HooversCom, Quoting: Borneo Bulletin, By: Liza Mohd, 28 February 2008, http://www.hoovers.com/free/news/detail.xhtml?ArticleID=20080227670.2_8bb60007f463cd2d
4- India to Launch a Weather Satellite Soon

Source:
The Financial Express, By: Ashok B Sharma, 11 March 2008,
http://www.financialexpress.com/news/India-to-launch-an-weather-satellite-soon/283111/


WEST ASIA

5- Employees Sent to Protected Area after Ramat Hovav Leak

Source: Globes Online - Israel business news, By: Dalia Tal, 9 March 2008, http://www.globes.co.il/serveen/globes/docview.asp?did=1000319459&fid=942
=/=/=/=/=

>> FEATURED
UPCOMING EVENT >>
Thematic Meeting on Terminal Phase-out Management Plan (TPMP) Implementation for the Ozone Officers Network for Western and Northern Africa (including refrigeration technicians), 17-20 March 2008, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, Learn more
Climate and Ozone Conference, April 22-23, 2008, Winnipeg, Canada
The event organized by The Manitoba Ozone Protection Industry Association (MOPIA) will focus on alternative energy, innovation, and include many guest speakers…
Learn more
WEBSITE >> Ozzy Ozone E-Game
Beware of the snakes and answer the questions correctly to beat the opposing player and become an ozone layer protector! On the way, you will learn a lot about ozone layer protection and also how to protect yourself against the sun's dangerous UV-B rays. The Ozzy Ozone game is now available electronically! Play or download game?


29 February 2008
In this issue:
1- Seventh Meeting of the Ozone Research Managers of the Vienna Convention
2- Skin Cancer Rises among Black South Africans
3- Self-Chilling Beverage Can Finally a Reality
4- Infratrol Introduces Compact Powder Coating Paint System
5- Heating Industry Aims Zero Ozone Depletion
6- Port Slammed Over Use of Toxic Gas

GLOBAL
1- Seventh Meeting of the Ozone Research Managers of the Vienna Convention
In accordance with rule 5 of the rules of procedure for the meetings of the Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, and pursuant to decision III/8 adopted at the third meeting of the Conference of the Parties, the seventh meeting of the Ozone Research Managers of the Parties to the Vienna Convention will be held in Geneva, Switzerland, from 19-21 May 2008.
More information http://ozone.unep.org/Meeting_Documents/research-mgrs/7orm/index.shtml
Source: UNEP Ozone Secretariat

AFRICA
2- Skin Cancer Rises among Black South Africans
Source: IOL.CO.ZA, 19 February 2008, By Courtney Brooks, http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=13&art_id=vn20080219044234839C422071

NORTH AMERICA
3- Self-Chilling Beverage Can Finally a Reality
Source: Tempra Technology, http://www.tempratech.com/

4- Infratrol Introduces Compact Powder Coating Paint System
More information:
http://www.infratrol.com/EcoFlexPowderCoatingSystem.htm
Related Video http://www.infratrol.com/EcoFlexAlt.wmv
Source: Infratrol Mfg. Corp. 12 February 2008

SOUTH ASIA
5- Heating Industry Aims Zero Ozone Depletion
Source:
HooversCom. Quoting The Financial Times Limited, 14 February 2008, http://hoovers.com/free/news/detail.xhtml?ArticleID=20080214670.2.37_ea2e000a7eaa3e38

PACIFIC ISLAND COUNTRIES
6- Port Slammed Over Use of Toxic Gas
Source:
NewsTalk ZB, 25 February 2008, http://www.newstalkzb.co.nz/newsdetail1.asp?storyID=132861
Related Audio >> Bodeker on ozone layer, http://www.newstalkzb.co.nz/audio2/04103825.wma
NIWA research scientist Dr. Greg Bodeker talks with Newstalk ZBs Tim Dower about the hole in the ozone layer and what it means for sun-revellers

=/=/=/=/=

>> FEATURED
READING >> Ozzy Goes Polar and Ozzy Goes Farming Cartoon Booklets in Russian language are now on the UNEP DTIE OzonAction website >>
Ozzy goes Polar http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmc/lib_detail.asp?r=4741
Ozzy goes Farming http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/information/mmc/lib_detail.asp?r=4717
Learn more http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/topics/children.htm
EVENT >> 10th Special Session of the UNEP Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum - Globalization and the Environment: Mobilizing Finance for Climate Change International Environmental Governance and the United Nations Reform, 20-22 February 2008 | Principality of Monaco, http://www.iisd.ca/unepgc/unepss10/
UPCOMING EVENT >> Climate and Ozone Conference, April 22-23, 2008, Winnipeg, Canada. The event organized by The Manitoba Ozone Protection Industry Association (MOPIA) will focus on alternative energy, innovation, and include many guest speakers…Learn more http://www.climateforum.ca


15 February 2008
 
In this issue:
1- Nineteenth MOP HCFC Adjustments to Enter into Force May 2008
2- Montreal Protocol's Key Lessons for Climate Negotiations
3- State Ups Fight Against Ozone Depleting Goods
4- China Needs Air Conditioning
5- Ozone-Depleting Gases Seized; Importer Nabbed
6- Toxic Log Fumigant under Investigation
7- Sorting of waste refrigeration equipment leads to environmentally unacceptable results: New study highlights size of sorting errors


GLOBAL
1- Nineteenth MOP HCFC Adjustments to Enter into Force May 2008
The United Nations Secretary-General in his capacity as depositary of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer has advised all Parties to the Protocol that the adjustments to the Montreal Protocol adopted at the Nineteenth Meeting of the Parties held in Montreal from 17 to 21 September 2007, will enter into force and become binding to all Parties on 14 May 2008, pursuant to article 2 (9) of the Protocol. The adjustments relate to Decision XIX/6 of the Parties on accelerated phase out of Annex C, Group I, controlled substances (hydrochlorofluorocarbons). The following links contains the official copies of the English and French versions of the depositary notification: http://untreaty.un.org/English/CNs/2007/1001_1100/1096E.pdf and http://untreaty.un.org/English/CNs
/2007/1001_1100/1096F.pdf

Attached to the notification, are copies of the adjustments to the Protocol in the six UN official languages as circulated to all Parties by the depositary.
Contact: Gilbert Bankobeza, Gilbert.Bankobeza@unep.org
Source: UNEP Ozone Secretariat, http://ozone.unep.org/Ratification_status/hcfc_
adjuctments_entry_to_force_notice.shtml

2- Montreal Protocol's Key Lessons for Climate Negotiations
Introduction. The Montreal Protocol offers key lessons for climate negotiators. Many were presented at the 4 December side event on the Lessons of the Montreal Protocol for Climate Negotiations, co-sponsored by Argentina, Mauritius, Micronesia, Sweden, and the United States, as well as by the United Nations Environment Programme's OzonAction Unit, and organized by the Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development (IGSD). Additional lessons are described in two recent books: Stephen O. Andersen, K. Madhava Sarma, and Kristen N. Taddonio, Technology Transfer for the Ozone Layer: Lessons for Climate Change (Earthscan 2007), and Donald Kaniaru, ed., The Montreal Protocol: Celebrating 20 Years of Environmental Progress - Ozone Layer and Climate Change (Cameron May 2007).
Powerful Climate Benefits of Montreal Protocol. The Montreal Protocol is a 20-year old regulatory regime with universal membership of 191 Parties that is mitigating climate emissions by 11 billion metric tons of CO2-equivalent per year between 1990 and 2010 and delaying climate change up to 12 years. See Guus J. M. Velders, et. al., The importance of the Montreal Protocol in protecting climate, 104 PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES 4814 (2007), reprinted in Donald Kaniaru, ed., The Montreal Protocol: Celebrating 20 Years of Environmental Progress - Ozone Layer and Climate Change (Cameron May 2007), graphs entitled "The Dual Benefit of the Montreal Protocol: Ozone and climate protection" facing page 215. It is the world's most successful environmental treaty, and the world's most successful climate treaty (so far).
Overall, protecting the ozone layer is delaying climate change 35-41 years when earlier voluntary efforts and national measures are considered along with the Montreal Protocol. These combined efforts to phase-out ozone-depleting substances have solved a piece of the climate problem that otherwise would have grown to nearly equal today's CO2 contribution, while also starting the ozone layer on the path to recovery later this century. See Guus J. M. Velders, et al., The Importance of the Montreal Protocol in Protecting Climate, 104 PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES 4814 (2007) and Donald Kaniaru, Rajendra Shende, Scott Stone & Durwood Zaelke, Frequently Asked Questions: Strengthening the Montreal Protocol by Accelerating the Phase-Out of HCFCs at the 20th Anniversary Meeting of the Parties, in Donald Kaniaru, Ed., The Montreal Protocol: Celebrating 20 Years of Environmental Progress - Ozone Layer and Climate Change (Cameron May 2007).
Key Lessons for Climate Negotiations:
1. Disaggregate further the climate problem into other manageable pieces and tailor governance measures to fit the specific source, sink, or sector selected, including MP-type measures.
2. Design governance systems that are dynamic and evolutionary, that learn by doing, and that can be quickly strengthened, including through procedures like the MP's "adjustment" procedure for chemicals already regulated that allow the Parties to accelerate control measures by consensus, and take effect in 6 months without ratification in capitals, with option for Parties to affirmatively opt out.
3. Design governance systems that treat all Parties fairly and that fully implement the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities. In the MP, the common but differentiated principle is implemented through a 10-year grace period, a dedicated Multilateral Funding mechanism with a democratic decision-making procedure (7 + 7, with a double majority), a 3-year replenishment cycle to pay agreed incremental costs and independent assessment of the funds needed by Montreal Protocol's Technology and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP). The principle is further supported by a spirit of cooperation and trust developed through 20 years of success.
4. Design governance systems that are informed by the best available, real-time information, including unpublished information, on science, technology, and economics of climate-friendly technologies and their accessibility from a body such as the TEAP, and their Technical Options Committees (TOCs) that report annually.
a. The IPCC should be supplemented with a TEAP-like process; and sectoral technical options committees (TOCs) should be set up under the GEF climate window for categories of sources, sinks, and sectors.
b. TEAP to consist of the 2 co-chairs, one each from developing and developed countries to be selected by COP, of each TOC. Co-chairs free to select experts as they need, giving equal representation, as much as possible, to all regions and groups. 2 Co-chairs of TEAP to be selected by COP. Reports of TEAP and TOCs to be placed before COP without any editing.
c. The GEF climate window, including adaptation funding, should be governed by a separate Executive Committee following the 7 developed + 7 developing (or more to allow representation to groups of countries with similar interests) , double majority procedure of the MP. COP to guide GEF on costs to be met.
d. Ensure coordination between regulatory measures and market-based measures, including cap-and-trade, to avoid perverse incentives (such as the perverse incentive under the CDM to expand the production of HCFCs to earn credits for destroying the HFC-23 by-product.)
e. Ensure that the full range of compliance approaches is considered from the outset for each governance approach, including compliance assistance approaches such as the Montreal Protocol, with the possibility of sanctions for willful non-compliance.
5. Further strengthen the Montreal Protocol to maximize its climate benefits, including by measures to:
a. Further accelerate the phase-out of ozone-depleting substances;
b. Recover and destroy "banks" of ozone-depleting substances currently contained in existing products and equipment;
c. Tighten exemptions for essential and critical uses of ozone depleting substances as well as for chemical feedstocks and process agents;
d. Strengthen efforts to combat illegal trade; and
e. Regulate HFCs under the Montreal Protocol or under a Montreal Protocol-type regulatory regime so they can be phased-out, rather than traded as one of the six Kyoto basket gases.
Contact: Durwood Zaelke, IGSD President, zaelke@inece.org or Alex Viets, IGSD Communications Officer aviets@inece.org
Source: IGSD, 4 December 07, http://www.igsd.org/

AFRICA
3- State Ups Fight Against Ozone Depleting Goods

Source: AllAfrica Global Media, 5 February 2008, By Solomon Mburu
http://allafrica.com/stories/200802051175.html

[Note from UNEP: The statement: "These substances include several groups of hydrocarbons..." should read "...several groups of Halocarbons..."]

SOUTH ASIA
4- China Needs Air Conditioning

Source:
Forbes Magazine Online, 10 February 2008, Commentary: Dr. Simon Wang
http://www.forbes.com/2008/02/10/china-air-conditioning-oped-cx_dsw_0210chinaair.html?
partner=alerts

5- Ozone-Depleting Gases Seized; Importer Nabbed
Source:
Siasat.Com, 6 February 2008,
http://www.siasat.com/english/index.php?option=content&task=
view&id=242485&Itemid=79&cattitle=Hyderabad


PACIFIC ISLAND COUNTRIES
6- Toxic Log Fumigant under Investigation
Source:
The Dominion Post , 11 February 2008, By: Hank Schouten,
http://www.stuff.co.nz/stuff/dominionpost/4395972a6479.html

EUROPE
7- Sorting of Waste Refrigeration Equipment Leads to Environmentally Unacceptable Results: New Study Highlights Size of Sorting Errors
Contact:
RAL Quality Assurance Association for the Demanufactue of Refrigeration Equipment
(www.ral-online.org), info@ral-online.org or: Dipl.-Ing. Dr. techn. Gregor Hattinger, FHA - Gesellschaft für chemisch-technische Analytik GmbH, Tel.: +43-1-5125249-20 Fax: +43-1-5125249-
Published earlier by The Journal of Environmental Quality, "Isotopic Discrimination as a Tool for Organic Farming Certification in Sweet Pepper" 4 January 2008, Authors: F. M. del Amor, J. Navarro, P. M. Aparicio
http://www.foodnavigator-usa.com/news/ng.asp?n=83117-organic-nitrogen-isotopic-fertilizers

=/=/=/=/=

FEATURED WEBSITE >>>Trends AnalysisLatest Trends Analysis for the Consumption and Production of Ozone Depleting Substances
The Trends Analysis is a visual analytical tool used to monitor and analyse the compliance status for individual developing countries, and to help with long-term national strategic planning to phase out ODS. Updated reports: CFCs, Halons, Methyl Bromide; New reports: HCFCs.
Read more
...

 


FEATURED READING >>> Protection of the Stratospheric Ozone Layer, a new booklet recently published by The French Global Environment Facility (FGEF) - Read/Download a PDF >> E | F
The Global Environment Facility (FGEF) Secretariat is responsible for implementing projects presented by France to the multilateral fund established under the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer. These projects are targeted to the elimination of ozone-depleting substances (ODS).
This objective is sought through four different approaches:
- Support to the development of a country program: inventories of current consumption of ODS in different sectors;
- Assistance to the identification of investment projects: identification of relevant enterprises and evaluation of corresponding technical and financial requirements;
- Implementation of investment projects: conversion of industrial equipment or production processes;
- Technical assistance, training, public awareness raising and institutional capacity building.
Learn more


31 January 2008
 
In this issue:
1- Government Bans Import of Two Ozone Foes
2- Costa Rica Green-Listed among Top 10
3- A la poursuite du frigo vert

SOUTH EAST ASIA and PACIFIC
1- Government Bans Import of Two Ozone Foes

Source:
The Jakarta Post, January 31, 2008, By: Adianto P. Simamora,
http://www.thejakartapost.com/detailnational.asp?fileid=20080131.H03&irec=2

LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN 2- Costa Rica Green-Listed among Top 10
Source:
TICO times daily, 24 January 2008, http://www.ticotimes.net/dailyarchive/2008_01/0124083.htm

EUROPE
3- A la poursuite du frigo vert
Source : Journal La Marseillaise, 16 Janvier 2008, Par : Mireille Roubaud,
http://journal-lamarseillaise.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=4564&Itemid=148

FEATURED video >>>
Ozone Hole Discoverer Issues another Global Warning
Source: TVWorks, 27January 2008 - Watch the Video >>>


15 January 2008
 
In this issue:
1- 2007 Ozone Hole Looms over Antarctica, as for the Past Decade
2- Ozone Secretariat Compiles Non-Compliance Decisions for Easy Reference
3- EPA Authorizes Critical Uses of Methyl Bromide for 2008
4- ENOC Launches Environmental Campaign for Employees
5- Cold Treatment Opens Doors for Citrus Exports to Japan

GLOBAL

1- 2007 Ozone Hole Looms over Antarctica, as for the Past Decade
Source: Japan for Sustainability, 30 December 2007, English: http://www.japanfs.org/db/1940-e
Japanese: http://www.japanfs.org/db/1940-j

2- Ozone Secretariat Compiles Non-Compliance Decisions for Easy Reference
The Ozone Secretariat recently released a compilation of Decisions of the Parties Related to the Non-Compliance Procedure of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.
The Noncompliance Procedure of the Montreal Protocol is the primary tool for monitoring obligations for phasing out ozone-depleting substances (ODS). The ideology behind the Procedure is that repeated interactions and iterative discourse can engage the violator in a cooperative enterprise to end noncompliance.
The Montreal Protocol's Implementation Committee investigates allegations of noncompliance and makes recommendations to the Protocol's member states. The Protocol supplies a list of potential remedies, including positive assistance to the violator, cautionary messages, and suspension of specific membership rights and privileges. In the past, the usual response of the Implementation Committee has been to recommend economic aid, technical assistance, or other helpful measures to bring the violator back into compliance.
The reprinted decisions cover the following topics:
- Non-compliance procedure
- Implementation committee (including membership, term of office; and Interaction with the Executive
Committee)
- Compliance by groups of parties (including control measures, data reporting, baseline data revision, and licensing systems)
- Compliance by particular Parties
- Current Non-Compliance Procedure of the Montreal Protocol (including indicative list of measures)
Read/Download the report: http://ozone.unep.org/Meeting_Documents/impcom/MOP_decisions_on_NCP.pdf
Source: INECE Newsletter, Issue 16, January 2008, http://inece.org/newsletter/16/international/decisions.html

NORTH AMERICA
3- EPA Authorizes Critical Uses of Methyl Bromide for 2008
Source: ERC.Web, http://www.ercweb.com/resources/tips.aspx

WEST ASIA
4- ENOC Launches Environmental Campaign for Employees
Source: AME Info, United Arab Emirates: Monday, November 05 - 2007, http://www.ameinfo.com/137139.html

PACIFIC ISLANDS COUNTRIES
5- Cold Treatment Opens Doors for Citrus Exports to Japan
Further information on the research trials is available from the New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 2007, Vol.35:39-50.
Contact New South Wales Department of Primary Industries: Andrew Jessup on 4348 1965 or andrew.jessup@dpi.nsw.gov.au
Media contact: Joanne Finlay 6362 5815 or joanne.finlay@dpi.nsw.gov.au
Source: State of New South Wales, 27 November 2007, http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/aboutus/
news/recent-news/agriculture-news-releases/new-cold-treatment

FEATURED READING
>>> The Final Report of the 53rd Meeting of the Executive Committee, held from 26-30 November 2007, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. http://www.multilateralfund.org//files/53/5367.pdf
Read/download other related documents: http://www.multilateralfund.org/53rdmeeting.htm

FEATURED EVENTS
>>> Technical Meeting on HCFC Phase -Out, 5-6 April 2008, Montreal, CANADA
The European Commission is organising an international meeting on cost-effective and environmentally friendly alternatives to HCFCs. The meeting will be held on 5-6 April 2008, immediately preceding the 54th Meeting of the Executive Committee of the Montreal Protocol.
The meeting will seek to provide information to Article 5 stakeholders on the technical tools needed to phase-out HCFCs (e.g. information on viable alternatives and how they can be implemented).
By gathering representatives of industry, international experts, and Article 5 representatives, it is envisioned that this meeting will serve three primary objectives:
>Enable a cross-fertilisation of ideas, success stories, and viable technologies.
>Initiate collaborative work with stakeholders in non-Article 5 and Article 5 countries.
> Advance the goals of the Montreal Protocol by proactively fostering the technical means to reduce HCFC consumption and emissions.
The target audience for the meeting is national policy makers as well as technical and industry experts with significant networks through which they will be able to effectively disseminate knowledge following the event.
Contact for Information: Sandra Seymour, ICF International, sseymour@icfi.com Phone (802) 496-6034 Fax (802) 496-6035

>>> The Fourth Meeting of the Partners of the Green Customs Initiative, 23 - 24 January 2008, Paris, FRANCE. Contact: Dr Ezra Clark, UNEP DTIE, OzonAction, ezra.clark@unep.fr
For more information:
GreenCustoms website http://www.greencustoms.org/news.htm

 

 

Related

Archives of OzoNews previous issues

 
© UNEP DTIE 2007 | updated 22-jul-10