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Building the Green Climate Fund
13 December 2010 - ...Just as the Montreal Protocol required funds to come into force, a global fund for adaptation, mitigation and forest preservation is needed to bring all nations into today’s process...

U.S. Center at COP-16: U.S., Mexico, Canada Collaborate To Reduce Greenhouse Gases

9 December 2010 - Advances in air conditioning and refrigeration have improved our lives, but their uses have also resulted in substantial climate impacts. At the U.S. Center on December 9, representatives from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) explored how the United States, Canada, and Mexico are dealing with the growth in use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFC).

Near- term Climate mitigation

7 December 2010 ...Mario Molina, Centro Mario Molina, noted that non-CO2 Mario Molinapollutants have proven to be detrimental to human health. He said Mexico City, which was one of the most polluted cities in the world, has been successful in improving air quality by regulating the use of some non-CO2 pollutants. Molina referred to the Montreal Protocol as a successful mechanism, which largely phased out the use of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).

Low Profile and Low expectations at Cancun, but an interesting twist

6 December 2010 - The Conference of the Parties (COP) 16 for international climate change negotiations in Cancun enters its second week, and unlike last year’s Copenhagen, the profile has been very subdued. Primarily that is because expectations are significantly lower going into this negotiating session than existed at last year’s Copenhagen meeting.


Antarctic ozone hole 2010Antarct
ic ozone hole smallest in 5 years
2 December 2010 - International efforts to phase out the use of chlorofluorocarbons and other ozone-depleting substances may be paying off, according to research revealed Friday by the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research in New Zealand.

Is the Clean Development Mechanism adding to the production of pollutants?
- 1 December 2010 - When the Clean Development Mechanism was first tabled in 1997 as part of the Kyoto Protocol, it seemed a simple and effective way to reduce global carbon emissions.

Related document:
The future of industrial gas CERs...

Int'l Negotiators Eye Ozone Treaty as Shortcut to CO2 Deal

30 November 2010 - A proposal to curb some of the world's most potent heat-trapping gases by expanding a decades-old treaty appears to be turning heads. With international attempts to broker major climate deals falling short, expanding the Montreal Protocol may represent the best shot at fighting rising temperatures, some analysts say. And overcoming one of the most formidable hurdles to this approach may be on the menu at the global warming summit in Cancun, Mexico.

Beyond HFCs welcomes stance of the Consumer Goods Forum against HFCs
30 November 2010 - Cancun, Mexico. Brussels, 30 November 2010: At the kick-off of the climate talks in Cancun, Mexico, yesterday, the members of the Consumer Goods Forum announced their intention to ban the use of refrigerant gases with high global warming potential, namely HFCs, by 2015 and to replace them with natural refrigerants.

New front opens in war against global warming

30 November 2010 - Many policymakers and business leaders have come to see the most basic method of slowing global warming - cutting carbon dioxide emissions through a binding treaty - as elusive for now. They are turning their attention instead toward a more achievable goal: curbing other greenhouse gases that are warming the planet.

Non-CO2 Pollutants Are Promising Target in Cancun

30 November 2010

COP 16Stakes High, Expectations Low as Climate Talks Open in Cancun
29 November 2010

Unted Nations Climate Change Conference Cancun - COP 16

29 November 2010

Europe Proposes Restrictions on Emissions Trading

29 November 2010

Cancun needs realism, not blind hope

28 November 2010

To fight Climate Change, Clear the Air

27 November 2010

Environment Ministry freezes HCFC imports to the Maldives

25 November 2010

Support Grows for Expansion of Ozone Treaty

12 November 2010

Ozone treaty could be used for greenhouse gases

9 November 2010

A Novel Tactic in Climate Fight Gains some Traction
8 November 2010

Success in Restoring the Ozone Layer, Mixed News for Climate Change

27 September 2010

The Secretary-General's Message on the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, 16 September 2010

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon This year, the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer highlights the central role of good governance in pursuit of environmental goals. In general, successful environmental agreements require a broad framework, clear targets and a gradual approach to implementation. Then, as governments gain confidence, they build on initial steps and set more ambitious goals.
Read more... Arabic| Chinese| English| French| Russian | Spanish

Rajendra Shende's International Ozone Day message
Rajendra Shende
Dear Ozone family members,
Let me wish you very happy Ozone Day. This year is special because it is the 25 th anniversary of the discovery of the Ozone Hole and it is aslo the year in which the world has put CFCs and other ozone depleting chemicals in history books. Nothing more than the extract from June 2010 report on the Millennium Development Goals and the message from the UN Secretary-General are needed to celebrate our collective labour today.


New Report Highlights Two-Way Link Between Ozone Layer and Climate Change
Geneva/Nairobi, 16 September 2010 - International efforts to protect the ozone layer-the shield that protects life on Earth from harmful levels of ultraviolet rays-are a success and have stopped additional ozone losses and contributed to mitigating the greenhouse effect, according to a new report.
Read more..
. Arabic| Chinese| English| French| Spanish

Twenty three years after the signing of the Montreal protocol, the ozone layer has stabilized but a large Antarctic ozone hole continues to occur on a yearly basis
The United Nations declared the 16th of September as the International Day for the Protection of the Ozone Layer to commemorate the 16th of September 1987, the date when the Montreal Protocol was signed. The Protocol controls the production and use of ozone-depleting substances. It is an outstanding example of a successful cooperation between scientists, governments, non-government organizations and industry as well as between developed and developing countries.

Bhutan Raising Gross National Happiness: Deriving Climate Benefits from Ozone Layer Protection
Bhutan  Raising Gross National Happiness Thimpu, 10 August 2010 - Today, a small country in the lap of Himalaya has taken a giant step. Bhutan, one of the few countries in the world where sustainable development is embedded in its constitution, has made a historic decision to further advance the phase out of the Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) – a powerful Green House Gas and Ozone Depleting substance by 10 years.

Related articles:
Bhutan fast tracks its commitment
Phasing out HCFCs by 2020 - Bhutan Observer
Phasing out HCFCs by 2020 - Kuensel

JumpStart Partnership Achieving Climate Benefit from HCFC Phase-out

29 July 2010, Brussels – Up to 25 GtCO2-eq. emissions between now andJumpStart Partnership meeting, Brussels, 29 July 2010 2050 could be eliminated through the phase-out of Hydrochloro-fluorocarbons (HCFCs). Such phase-out will also bring a net benefit of advancing the recovery of the ozone layer by up to 3.3 years. Today a tool-box developed by the OzonAction Branch of UNEP DTIE, with the support of the European Commission (ENRTP), the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol, was launched to help developing countries to contribute to this goal.
Download E-books
HCFC policy & legislative options
Guidance on the Process for Selecting Alternatives to HCFCs in Foams
Alternatives to HCFCs in the Refrigeration and Air conditioning Sector

The Unparalleled Success of the Montreal Protocol Shows that Action on Millennium Development Goals Report 2010Climate Change is Within our Grasp

Without the action prompted by the Montreal Protocol and its Vienna Convention, atmospheric levels of ozone-depleting substances would grow 10-fold by 2050. The resulting exposure to the sun's ultraviolet radiation would likely have led to up to 20 million additional cases of skin cancer and 130 million more cases of eye cataracts; it would also have caused damage to human immune systems, wildlife and agriculture. For much of the world, the time it takes to get sunburned would have been dramatically reduced, due to a 500-per cent increase in DNA-damaging ultraviolet radiation...
An excerpt from the
Millennium Development Goals Report 2010
Read/download the full report

Pakistan Committed to its Obligations

03 July, 2010, Islamabad – Pakistan is fully committed to its international obligations towards protecting the earth and its fragile atmosphere, Minister for Environment Hameed Ullah Jan Afridi said.

He expressed these views while addressing an international seminar on 'Impact of Ozone Depleting Substances and Energy Efficiency in Defence Applications', held in Bhurban by the Ministry of Environment in collaboration with United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP).

SOURCE: The News, Pakistan

Major climate decisions brewing in obscure ozone treaty talks

18 June 2010- Governments moved closer Friday to curbing the use of chemicals commonly used as coolants in refrigerators, air conditioners, hair spray and other household items in what some say would be among their biggest climate decisions ever.

The obscure round of U.N. ozone treaty talks in Geneva, which few people are following, laid the groundwork this week for a possible decision in Uganda in November to halt the promotion of hydrofluorocarbons, or HFCs, which are manmade chemicals not found naturally in the environment, and are considered greenhouse gases.

Maldives is Walking the Talk: Deriving Climate Benefits from Ozone Layer Protection

Group photo at Inauguration of the High-Level Roundtable Dialogue on HPMP, MaldivesMale, 10 June 2010- Today, President Mohamed Nasheed, the Vice President and a number of ministers from the Maldives announced an important Joint Declaration for the Implementation of the HCFC Phase out Management Plan (HPMP) during the inauguration of the High-Level Roundtable Dialogue on HPMP and its contribution on Carbon Neutrality.

"We believe that going green isn't just ecologically sound but also President Mohamed Nasheedeconomically beneficial. The Maldives is famed for its luxury resorts, whose refrigeration systems are the source of most of the country's HCFC emissions. Moving early to phase out the use of HCFCs not only helps protect the beautiful tropical environment tourists come to see but also positions Maldives as a strong eco-destination" said President Nasheed."
Read more ...


Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC) and the Environment: India Policy Workshop on the status of MAC Replacement Technologies, New Delhi, India, 7-8 June 2010

7 June 2010- Mobile vehicle air-conditioning results in direct emissions of refrigerant gases and indirect emissions of tailpipe greenhouse gases from the additional fuel that is burned to power the AC system. In conformance with the requirements of the Montreal Protocol the Indian MAC systems have done away with the usage of ozone-depleting CFC-12 as refrigerant in MACs in all new vehicles, although some servicing of old MAC equipment is still required. The current replacement refrigerant, HFC 134a, still has a high global warming potential and is included in the basket of greenhouse gases controlled under the Kyoto Protocol. It was estimated that in 2002, two third of the total HFC emissions were emissions from MAC systems.

This workshop will offer the opportunity for international and India's experts and stakeholders to meet and exchange on the latest technology and market developments and their environmental impacts. It is organised as part of the UNEP "JumpStart" project on "Reducing car emissions in China and India's Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC) sector: Next-generation MAC technology support", which is funded by the European Union.

View videos related to this workshop:

MAC curtain raiserThe MAC Curtain Raiser
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Dr Rajendra PachauriDr Rajendra Pachauri, Chairperson of the Inter Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

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Philip OwenPhilip Owen, Head, Ozone and GHGs Unit, European Commission
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For other videos related to this event click
OzonAction You Tube playlist 'International MAC workshops.'
UNEP OzonAction

China Regulates Ozone Depleting Substances
Bangkok/ Beijing, 1 June 2010
- After having closed down all its production plants for CFCs much ahead of the schedule of the Montreal Protocol, the world's largest producer of Ozone Depleting Substances ( ODS) , China, has enacted today the Regulations on the Administration that include controls over consumption, trade, import, export and production of remaining ODS.

Read more ...


View videos related to this workshop:

Mr Qian Yonggui
Mr Qian Yonggui, General Manager, Nanjing Aotecar Refrigerating Co. Ltd.
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Dr Tian ChangqingDr Tian Changqing, Professor, Chinese Academy of Sciences
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Mr Yu Yuan Jun Mr Yu Yuan Jun, Secretary General of China Automobile Air-Conditioner Special Association, Professor/Senior Engineer, Mudanjiang Automobile Air-Conditioning Compressor Co. Ltd.
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For other videos related to this event click OzonAction You Tube playlist 'International MAC workshops.'
UNEP OzonAction

sia Pacific Media Seminar on Ozone Protection and Climate BenefitAsia Pacific Media Seminar on Ozone Protection and Climate Benefit
24th May 2010 - Beijing

Join international ozone, climate and media experts in a lively discussion about the role of the Asian media in covering "Ozone Protection and Climate Benefit." Get the scoop on the "hot" stories as the region prepares for the phase out of HCFCs. And debate how the Montreal Protocol is now a new climate treaty where developed and developing country agreed to legally binding commitments, and where additional funds are on the table to mitigate climate change, ahead of the next climate change conference in Mexico later this year.
Read more ...
14 May 2010

Ozone HoleThe Antarctic Ozone Hole: Then and Now: 25 years since the discovery of Antarctic ozone depletion

A quarter of a century has now passed since ozone depletion in Antarctica was first discovered by scientists from the British Antarctic Survey and reported in the internationally renowned journal Nature in May 1985.

On the 7th May 2010 a symposium was held in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Cambridge, UK, to celebrate the publication of this paper. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) OzonAction Programme was invited to this prestigious event and attended in its Information Clearinghouse role under the Montreal Protocol's Multilateral Fund.
Read full article...

OzonAction filmed short interviews with several of key scientists participating, which it is now pleased to share with the wider Montreal Protocol community (see below).

The following videos can be viewed on the OzonAction channel on YouTube (http://www.youtube.com/ozonaction). Click on the pictures/links below:

Susan Solomon Dr. Susan Solomon
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Paul CrutzenDr. Paul Crutzen
Nobel Prize Winner of Chemistry in 1995

Jonathan ShanklinDr. Jonathan Shanklin
The British Antarctic Survey

David FaheyDr. David Fahey
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

UNEP OzonAction
7 May 2010

Related articles:
Live webcast: Symposium celebrating the 25th anniversary of the publication of the Farman et al paper announcing the discovery of the Antarctic ozone hole.
Deep reflections on the ozone story
Whatever happened to the Hole in the Ozone Layer?
Whatever happened to the Ozone Hole?

Asthma Media AwardAsthma Media Awards - entry now open
Online applications are now open for the National Asthma Council Australia's 2009/10 Asthma Media Awards. The Awards, which were originally established by the National Asthma Council Australia in 1998, celebrate the important role the media play in asthma education in Australia, acknowledging and rewarding achievement and excellence.
National Asthma Council Australia
1 April 2010

Developing Country Journalists Honoured by United Nations for best Ozone and Climate Reporting
Paris, 22 April 2010, Earth Day - As the curtain is now fully raised on the world stage in which ozone depleting chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and halons are no longer produced, three journalists have received top honours from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) for their reporting on ozone depletion and climate issues. Read more ...

Winners and articles:
Mr. Essa Alkhroussi Ozone is Recovering in the Sultanate
(Oman Daily, Oman)
Mr. Alejandro Balaguer Ozono a Salvo
(La Prensa de Panamá - Section Vivir+, Panama)
Mr. Umesh Kumar Raghuwanshi No Option: Switch to CFC -free ACs
(Hindustan Times, India)
UNEP OzonAction
22 April 2010

Afghanistan-UNEP partnershipAfghanistan and UNEP form partnership against smuggling of ozone depleting chemicals
Today an important partnership was forged to combat the illegal trade in chemicals which destroy the earth’s protective ozone layer and contribute to climate change. The partnership was cemented through the signing of a memorandum of understanding (MOU) between the United Nations Environment Programme, Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (UNEP DTIE) OzonAction Programme, Afghanistan’s National Environment Protection Agency (NEPA) and Afghanistan’s Customs Department of the Ministry of Finance (ACD) at a ceremony held today at the United Nations Conference Centre (UNCC) in Bangkok, Thailand.

UNEP OzonAction

24 March 2010
View related photos

Related articles:
Afghanistan Customs Dept
Afghanistan Unlikely

IPL will help bring awareness about environment issues

The Indian Premier League (IPL) will go green from this year. Through a partnership with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the IPL will help bring awareness about environment issues among the 250 million spectators who will watch the game on stadium and television.

Rajendra Shende, Head of Ozone Action Group of UNEP announced the partnership in a press conference arranged in the city on Tuesday.
Indian Express

11 March 2010

Mirian Vega, Regional Network Coordinator for Latin America and the CaribbeanAvances en el Protocolo de Montreal
Un primer ciclo del Protocolo de Montreal terminó con éxitos al eliminarse el consumo del clorofluorcarbonos (CFC) en los equipos de refrigeración; teniendo como fecha límite el 1 de enero de 2010; esto gracias al esfuerzo de las partes involucradas. Así lo dio a conocer la coordinadora de las Redes de Acción por el Ozono del Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente (PNUMA) de Panamá, Mirian Vega.
Fondo de Reconversión Industrial - FONDOIN
8 March 2010

Caribbean Network Meeting, BelizeYour Air Conditioning System May Contribute to Skin Cancer
Environmentalists from across the Caribbean came to Belize to take part in the Caribbean Ozone Officers Network Meeting which will be taking place from March 2 to March 5. The key topic in the meeting is the implications and requirements of the recent decisions of the Montreal Protocol.

The Guardian

4 March 2010

Related articles:
Environmental Specialists Discuss O-Zone Depletion
Caribbean leaders work on keeping the ozone layer in tact

Jump Start: HCFC Phase-out for Ozone and Climate Benefit

Jump Start HCFC

UNEP OzonAction
26 February 2010

Media Strategy: Policies, Planning, Approaches defined to Heal the Ozone Layer
Media Strategy
This Media Strategy paper focuses on leveraging the expertise and multiplier effect of the media to reach out the highlights of events and activities related to the implementation of the Montreal Protocol , on emerging issues and remaining challenges under the Montreal Protocol in order to inspire other countries to accelerate their phase out efforts and to reach out the lessons from the Montreal Protocol; and build the capacity of the Media to understand, digest, and disseminate the 'multitude' of benefits of the Montreal Protocol, notably related to climate change so that compliance with the Protocol proceeds with full environmental co benefits.

Mobilise Co-Financing Ozone Protection and Climate Change: Partnership with Private Sector on Information, Education and Communication
Mobilise Co-FinancingThis paper recognizes this important mile-stone event and considers the remaining
tasks under the Montreal Protocol i.e. servicing the existing CFC based equipment, disposal and management of the CFC banks, remaining
phase out of Methyl Bromide and ensuring the sustainability of the phase out of the Ozone
Depleting Substances (ODS) that has already taken place. It proposes enhancing existing and new partnerships with the private sector that has played and continues to play very constructive and positive role in implementing the Montreal Protocol. UNEP OzonAction aims, by
following approaches defined in this paper, to promote ozone and climate friendly phase out activities during the 'second phase' of the Montreal Protocol and more importantly enable the developing countries to accrue significant climate benefit.
24 February 2010

The Maldives, the First Winner in Carbon Neutral and Ozone-Friendly Race
- The Maldives pledged to phase out Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs)- a group of chemicals which are ozone-depleting and powerful greenhouse gases by 2020, 20 years ahead of the Montreal Protocol phase out schedule. This decision is in line with the country’s pledge to go carbon neutral by 2020 as its contribution to tackling climate change.
17 February 2010

UN Agency assisting Vanuatu to move out of blacklist - The Vanuatu Government is working together with United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) officials that are in the country to assist in the return to compliance to the protection of the stratospheric ozone layer protocol. The return to compliance will be beneficial not only for Vanuatu but also to the global environment, especially when Vanuatu has been vocal on the issue of climate change that is also affecting the country as a result of the destruction of the environment’s natural protection by dangerous chemicals used by humans for luxury purposes.
9 February 2010

greenhouse effectNew rules open door for major climate benefits - Billions of tons of ozone-destroying and climate-warming chemicals currently contained in unwanted stockpiles and discarded equipment will leak into the atmosphere if not recovered and destroyed. But new rules on ozone-depleting substance destruction adopted by a carbon market offset registry, the Climate Action Reserve, could jumpstart new projects in both the U.S. and developing countries to destroy these chemicals and significantly contribute to the protection of the ozone layer and climate system.
8 February 2010

earth 2010: The Reality of CFC-free world - As the first day of 2010 dawns, the world is waking up to a new reality, one springing from an unparalleled confidence in human ingenuity and a collective belief that "we can".

This date is a defining moment in the history of multilateral environmental agreements and a beacon of hope that success on seemingly insurmountable and challenging global environmental problems is achievable. This hope is echoed all over the world by the ministers, key officials, industries, academia and civil society.

Listen to these echoes, their resounding messages and images.
4 January 2010


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